Bibliographical reference

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37Aminov RCannibalism of the medicinal leeches Hirudo verbana2019Biology, Leech Cannibalism
38Aminov RSurvival of medical leeches after partial cannibalism2019Biology
45Ansari S, Fasihuzzaman N, Jabeen A, Sultana A & Khan QAPost-auricular leech therapy reduced headache & migraine days in chronic mograine2019Headaches, Migraine
61Asher CM, Choukari F, Hamilton AE & Dalal MPenis replantation - are we rising to the challenge?2019Surgery
62Asutkar SUnified review of leech therapy: Administration and implications in various clinical areas in the world of diseases in Shalyatantra2019Therapy, Review Article
66Asutkar SG, Paliwal AA, Paliwal VA & Varshey SLeech therapy: Coherent review of history, functional components in saliva and clinical applications in surgical diseases2019Review
69Atmodiwirjo P & Aulia ITherapy for a non-surgical method of flap salvaging after a free flap transfer2019Surgery
70Atmodiwirjo P & Aulia ILeech therapy for a non-surgical method of flap salvaging after a free flap transfer2019Review Article, Surgery
89Bahman M & Tansaz MA review of leech therapy in polycystic ovary syndrome based on Iranian traditional medicine2019Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, Gynaecology
103Barz HLetter to the editor (Comment on "The effectiveness of leech therapy in chronic low back pain; Hohmann et al. 2018)2019Low Back Pain
226Cheng RM, Tang XP, Long AI, Mwangi J, Sun RP & Long CBPurification and characterization of a novel anti-coagulant from the leech Hirudinaria manillensis2019Biology, Saliva
245Conley K & Juergens ALLeech bite2019Review
263Darwin E, Vaughn AR & Lov-Tov HIntegrative treatment for chronic wounds (p. 310)2019Wound Healing
295Duke MMedicinal leeches in art and literature2019History
335Figueras Salvat MJ & Ashbolt NAeromonas2019Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas
361Fröhling BBis(s) aufs Blut2019Osteoarthritis
367Galav A & Sharma RJalaukavacharana (Hirudotherapy) - A blessing through Ayurveda2019Review Article, Ayurveda
368Gannur PGLeech therapy - A unique treatment in Ayurveda2019Therapy, Review Article, Ayurveda
379Ghiyami H & Sadeghi AEffect of glutamine supplementation and leech therapy on blood lactate level and pain index in a single bout exhaustive exercise in young athletes2019Glutamine, Sports, Regeneration
380Ghods R, Abdi M, Pourrahami M & Dabaghian FHLeech therapy indications: A scoping review2019Review, Therapy
381Ghosh SRelevance of leech therapy in contemporary medicine: A mini-review2019Review
408Grafskaia EN, Nadezhdin KD, Talyzina IA, Polina N, OV Podgorny, ER Pavlova, PV Bashkirov, DD Kharlampieva, PA Bobrovsky, IA Latsis, VA Manuvera, VV Babenko, VM Trukhan, AS Arseniev, DV Klinov & VN LazarevMedicinal leech antimicrobial peptides lacking toxicity represent a promising alternative strategy to combat antibiotic-resistant pathogens2019Antibiotics, Genome
430Gunarathna K & Singh OPPain relief of Jalaukavacharana (leech therapy) in ulcerative squamous cell carcinoma - A case study2019Oncology, Cancer Pain
501Hübner J, Micke O & Büntzel JLetter to the editor (Comment on "The effectiveness of leech therapy in chronic low back pain; Hohmann et al. 2018)2019Low Back Pain
510Ilyas S, Zoheb HA & Khan AManagement of Tasallube Sharain (Peripheral Artery Disease) by hirudotherapy: A case report2019Peripheral Artery Disease
560Kämpfer P, Busse HJ, Galatis H, Criscuolo A, Clermont D, Bizet C & Glaeser SPParacoccus haematequi sp. nov., isolated from horse blood2019Pharmacovigilance, Bacteria
566Karalyan Z, Avetisyan A, Avagyan A, Ghazaryan H, Vordanyan T, Manukyan A, Semeriyan A & Voskanyan HLeeches are possible reservoirs for African swine fever virus2019Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacovigilance
570Kashyap V, Gaur MB, Pandey YK & Sabharwal PRaktamokshan - An ancient ayurvedic parasurgical practice and ist applicability in contemporary clinical practice: A review2019Therapy, Review Article
582Khalique A, Siddiqui MY & Ashraf MAIrsal-E-Alaq (Hirudotherapy) in Unani system of medicine and modern medicine: An overview2019Review Article Unani System
585Khan MS, Guan De-Long, Kvist S, Ma LB, Yuan-Ying X & Xu SQTranscriptomics and differential gene expression in Whitmania pigra (Annelida: Clitellata: Hirudinidae): Contrasting feeding and fasting modes2019Biology
588Khankhane MNRole of leech (Jalouka) saliva in Raktamokshan2019Saliva, Therapy, Review
593Kilic M & Rohat AKOrbital cellulitis due to leech therapy2019Pharmacovigilance
601Klügel RMedizinische Blutegeltherapie2019Therapy
602Klügel RRheumatoide Arthritis2019Arthritis
603Klügel RÜber die Behandlung mit medizinischen Blutegeln2019Review Article
604Klügel R & Koeppen DMedizinische Blutegeltherapie in Praxis und Wissenschaft2019Review Article
610Koch LBlutegeltherapie2019Review
616Koeppen D, Aurich M, Pasalar M & Rampp TMedicinal leech therapy in venous congestion and various ulcer forms: Perspectives of Western, Persian and Indian Medicine2019Review, Surgery, Ulcer, Wound Healing
632Kulbida R, Mathes A & Loeser JBeneficial effects of hirudotherapy in a chronic case of complex regional pain syndrome2019Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Morbus Sudeck, Pain
654Kutschera U & Shain DSHirudinea Lamarck 1818: Evolutionary origin and taxonomy of the six medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo)2019Biology, taxonomy
660Laila S, Fatemeh E & Bakhtyari LTreatment of diabetic foot ulcer with medicinal leech therapy and honey curcumin dressings: A case report2019Dermatology, Wound Healing, Diabetic Foot, Ulcer
675Lee ZH, Cohen JM, Daar D, Anzai L, Hacquebord J & Thanik VQuantifying outcomes for leech therapy in digit revascularization and replantation2019Surgery, Replantation, Digits
704Liu Z, Tong X, Su Y, Wang D, Su Y, Du X, Zhao F, Wang D & Zhao FIn-depth profiles of bioactive large molecules in saliva secretions of leeches determined by combining salivary gland proteome and transcriptome data2019Biology, Saliva
710Lonikar S & Tathe BRole of Jalaukavacharan (Leech therapy) in the management of deep vein thrombosis2019Deep Vein Thrombosis
717Lukas P, Wolf R, Rauch BH, Hildebrandt JP & Müller CHirudins of the Asian medicinal leech, Hirudinaria manillensis: Same, same, but different2019Saliva, Hirudin, Biology
730Malek M, Jafrifar F, Aminjan AR, Saleki H & Parsa HCulture of a new medicinal leech: Growth, survival and reproduction of Hirudo orientalisUtevsky and Trontelj, 2005 under laboratory conditions2019Breeding
731Malek VG, Parvari S & Abbassian ALow back treatments in traditional Iranian medicine2019Therapy
737Manav M, Ceylan M & Büyükcapar HMInvestigation of reproductive efficiency, growth performance and survival of the southern medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820 fed with mammalian and poultry blood2019Breeding
740Manikandan B & Priya JRReview on Attai Vidal (leech therapy)2019Review
765Marrone F & Canale DEOccurrence, distribution and bibliography of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana Carena 1820 (Hirudinea, Hirudinidae) in Sicily (Italy))2019Biology, Demography
773May WLetter to the editor (Comment on "The effectiveness of leech therapy in chronic low back pain; Hohmann et al. 2018)2019Low Back Pain
780Mentes BB, Leventoglu S, Osmanov I, Kösehan D & Erol TAnal abscess due to leech therapy of hemorrhoids: Mumbo jumbo is still in vogue2019Pharmacovigilance, Haemorrhoids
794Michalsen ALetter to the editor (Reply to the comments on "The effectiveness of leech therapy in chronic low back pain; Hohmann et al. 2018)2019Low Back Pain
816Mokhtar K, Culnan DM & Lieaweaver WCEvolving antibiotic resistance of Aeromonas species in finger replantation2019Surgery, Microbiology, Antibiotic Resistance
833Müller C, Lukas P, Lemke S & Hildebrandt JPHirudin and decorsins of the North American medicinal leech Macrobdella Decora: Gene structure reveals homology to Hirudins and Hirudin-like faktors of Eurasian medicinal leeches2019Saliva, Hirudin, Biology
868Neupane S, Modry D, Pafko B & Zurek LBacterial community of the digestive tract of the European medicinal leech (Hirudo verbana) from the Danube river2019Biology, Bacteria, Aeromonas, Pharmacovigilance
869Newadkar RD & Newadkar URLeech as a lifeboat: Reminiscent role in plastic and reconstructive surgery2019Surgery, Review Article
953Pourrahimi M, Ahdi M & Ghods RComplications of leech therapy2019Pharmacovigilance
979Raut Sy & Aditi MSJalaukavacharana in peri-anal hematoma: A single case study2019Dermatology, Haematoma
999Robinson K, Postelnick M, Rhodes N, Chao Q, Malczynski M, Widmaier V, Rezaeian S, Dirnberger L, Zarnbower T, Bolon M & Silkatis CImplementing infection prevention for leech therapy2019Pharmacovigilance, Antibiotics, Resistance, Infection Prevention
1013Sadati MSCutaneous lymphoid hyperplasia indurced by Hirudo medicinalis (leeches)2019Pharmacovigilance
1080Senel E, Özkan AT & Mumcuoglu KYScientometric analysis of medicinal leech therapy2019Review, Literature
1118Sivasankaran L, Anavarathan V, Mahalakshmi V, Periyasami D, Muthukumar NJ & Banumathi VPain management of Attei Vidal (leech therapy in Siddha system of medicine on lateral epicondylitis (tennis elbow)2019Orthopaedics, Epicondylitis
1136Sonekar R, Bansode SB & Sonekar ARole of Jalaukavacharana (Leech therapy) and Panchavalakala Kwath Dhawan in the management of chronic non healing wound (Dushta Vrana)2019Wound Healing, Dermatology, Ayurveda
1183Temiz SA, Özer I, Ataseven A, Dursun R & Findik SCutaneous pseudolymphoma due to hirudotherapy2019Pharmacovigilance, Pseudolymphoma
1228Venkatagiri RManagement of varicose ulcer by Jalukavacharana an Ayurvedic parasurgical procedure - A case study2019Dermatology, Varicose Ulcer, Wound Healing
1246Waghmare GAMedicinal leech therapy in Alopecia areata patchy (Khalitya) - A case report2019Dermatology, Alopecia areata
1250Wagner T, Slater N & Ulrich DTreating a subtotal degloving ring avulsion with leeches: An unusual case report with review of the literature2019Surgery, Finger Reconstruction
1251Waldeyer-Sauerland MLetter to the editor (Comment on "The effectiveness of leech therapy in chronic low back pain; Hohmann et al. 2018)2019Low Back Pain
1314Xuan W, Ming N, Shan-Na W, Huang-Wan-Yin H, Xiao-Yi L, Sheng-Yao M, Jing L, Jun-Jie H, Xiao-Juan Y, Guo-Song W, Nan Q, Ruiging W, Dong.Hui L, Ya-Ming Z, Xiao-He X, Jia-Bo W & Li MLeeches attenuate blood hyperviscosity and related metabolic disorders in rats differently than aspirin2019Pharmacology
3Abdisa TTherapeutic importance of leech and impact of leech in domestic animals2018Review, Human Medicine, Veterinary Medicine
16Agrawal C & Kale RCase study of frequent leech application in diabetes mellitus with special reference to frozen shoulder2018Pain, Diabetes, Frozen Shoulder
21Aktas H, Hamidi AA, Ertugrul G & Erol HA case of cutaneous pseudolymphoma induced by medicinal leech application and review of the literature2018Pharmacovigilance, Pseudolymphoma
50Arami A,Gurevitz S, Palti R, Menachem S, Berelowitz M & Yaffe BThe use of medicinal leeches for the treatment of venous congestion in replanted and revascularized digits2018Surgery
63Asutkar SG & Bhatbhage BA conceptual study of wound bed preparation by leech therapy (Jalaukavacharana) in patients of Dushta Vrana w.s.r. chronic non-healing wound2018Wound Healing
65Asutkar SG & Varshney SThe cumulative anti-inflammatory effect of bloodletting by leech (Jalaukavacharana) in patients of arthritis (Aamvata) w.s.r. inflammatory markers - A research realm2018Arthritis, Rheumatism, Inflammatory Markers
83Babayi H, Praise OO, Ajoke LF, Olayemi IK, Baba E & Peter OOEvaluation of the effects of leech salivary extract (LSE) on haematological parameters in rats2018Pharmacology, Haematology, Leech Saliva
86Badole S & Yadav SLeech therapy as minimal invasive procedure in facial subcutaneous hematoma - A case report2018Haematoma
87Badwe Y & Maindale KRole of Jalaukavacharana & Vrana Dhawan in wound bed preparation of chronic non healing venous ulcer for skin grafting - A case study2018Wound Healing, Dermatology, Ayurveda
95Balasaheb PK & Sanjeev YLeech therapy in sacroiliitis - A case study2018Sacroiliitis, Back Pain
116Baskova IP, Kalabushev SN, Akhaev DN, Bobrovsky PA, Manuvera VA & Lazarev VNRole of isopeptidolysis in the process of thrpmbolysis2018Saliva, Destabilase, Thrombolysis
144Beka L, Fullmer MS, Colston SM, Nelson MC, Talagrand-Reboul E, Walker P, Ford B, Whitaker IS, Lamy B, Gogarten P & Graf JLow-level antimicrobials in the medicinal leech select for resistant pathogens that spread to patients2018Infections, Antibiotic Resistance, Aeromonas hydrophila
167Boodman EAntibiotics-resistant infections appeared after surgery. Were they transmitted by leeches?2018Infections, Pharmacovigilance, Antibiotics Resistance, Aeromonas hydrophyla
204Bykowski MR, Zhu X & Diaz-Garcia RCeftriaxone-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila infection following leech therapy: A new resistance strain2018Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila
216Ceylan M, Kücükkara R & Akcimen UEffects of broodstock density on reproduction efficiency and survival of Southern medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana Carena, 18202018Biology, Breeding
241Coban K, Bas C & Aydin EAcute mastoiditis following leech therapy in the treatment of acute otitis media2018Otitis media
277Deshmane VH & Pawar UVJalokavacharana in the Aamvata with special reference to rheumatoid arthritis2018Arthritis, Rheumatism
287Dobos GJEs müssen nicht immer NSAR sein2018Knee Osteoarthritis
294Dudhamal TS & Sha BJalaukavacharan (Indian medicinal leech application) in the management of Raynaud`s disease: A single case report2018Raynaud`s Disease
318Ergesheva EV, Davidiants AA, Dorofeev AE, Sevbitova MA & Timoshina MDEvaluation of effectiveness of an alternative method in complex treatment of dieseases of endodont2018Dentistry, Gingivitis
323Facchin F, Lancerotto L, Arnez ZM, Bassetto F & Vindigni VLeeching as salvage venous drainage in ear construction: Clinical case and review of literature2018Surgery, Ear Replantation
344Floug Q, Sinna R, Fillatre A, Plésiat F & Hamdad FA case of leech-associated infection involving an extended spectrum ß-lactamase producing and extensively drug-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila2018Pharmacovigilance, Infection, Antibiotic Resistance
370Gauri PP, Giri SR & Jagnnath KSA case study of deep vein thrombosis; An Ayurvedic perspective2018Deep Vein Thrombosis, Ayurveda
412Grau D, Masson R, Villiet M & Lamy BLeech management before application on patient: a nationwide survey of practices in French university hospitals2018Pharmacovigilance, Procedure, Infections, Surgery
450Hajtalebi H, Iurigh HK & Hajtalebi HRTreatment of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction in a 27-year-old male patient based on Iranian traditional medicine in Bojnurd2018Nasolacrimal duct obstruction
463Harun A, Kruer RM, Lee A, Boahene K, Byrne PJ & Richmon JDExperience with bivalirudin for adjunct treatment of venous congestion of head and neck reconstructive flaps2018Surgery, Venous Congestion, Hirudin
490Hilscher JJPotential utilization of blood leeches in modern veterinary medicine, a critical review2018Review, Veterinary Medicine
494Hohmann CD, Stange R, Steckhan N, Robens S, Ostermann T, Paelow A & Michalsen AWirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bei chronischen unteren Rückenschmerzen2018Back Pain, Lumbar Spine Syndrome
515Iqbal A, Jan A, Quaraishi A, Sheeraz MD, Huma N, Sha A, Rather AS & Raheen ALeech therapy in medical science - A review2018Review
530Jang SY, Kim WS, Kim HK & Bae THNasal columellar reconstruction with reverse lateral nasal artery pedicled nasolabial island flap2018Surgery
534Jiang Q, Wang L, Hu J & Zhang YRelated mechanisms of leech /Shuizhi) on the antiplatelet aggregation by oral administration. A review2018Antiplatelet Aggregation, Thrombolysis
564Kapadiya M, Shresta M & Dudhamal TSEfficacy of leech application in the management of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) - A rare case report2018Arterial occlusion, Ulcer, Wound Healing
568Karino M, Okuma S, Die T, Akutsu J, Hattori M, Yoshino A, Kanno T & Sekine JA case of medical leech therapy for venous congestion following forearm flap reconstruction2018Surgery, Reconstruction, Flap
580Kenari HM, Kordafshari G, Aghigi S & Moghimi MTreatment of a traumatic injury of hand with Persian medicine2018Wound Healing
583Khan BA, Khan R, Chaudhary AH, Ahmad M & Ahmed JLeech therapy (Irsal-e-Alaq) in Unani system of medicine: A review2018Unani medicine, Review Article
614Koeppen DAktuelle Literatur (2018) zum Wirkmechanismus und klinischer Wirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie2018Review Article
634Kumar M & Rani MNatural water habitat is best for leech farming: An observational pilot study2018Breeding
677Lemaire Q, Lefebvre C, Salzet M, Raffo-Romero A, Arab T, van Camp G, LeMarrec-Crocq F, Vizoli J & Sautière PEStudy of exosomal RNAs microglia involved in neuroprotection in Hirudo medicinalis2018Neuroprotection, Biology
690Li S, Zhang Y, Dou X, Zuo P & Liu JHard to be killed: Load bearing capacity of the leech Hirudo nipponia2018Biology
700Litvinenko ROEffect of medicinal leeches` endogenous biologically active substances on hosts blood cells2018Biology
732Mali VA, Rakesh RN & Ramachandra KRA clinical study of Jalaukavacharana in varicose eczema (Vicharchika)2018Varicose eczema
741Manjare VR & Borse NVA review article on Raktamokshan: A parasurgical procedure2018Therapy, Review Article
783Mesce K, Alania M, Gaudry Q & Puhl JGThe stomatogastric nervous system of the medicinal leech: Its anatomy, physiology and associated aminergic neurons2018Biology
886Northcutt AJ, Fischer EK, Puhl JG, Mesce KA & Schulz DJAn annotated CNS transcriptome of the medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana: De novo sequencing to characterize genes associated with nervous system activity2018Biology, Neuroscience
900Ojo PO, Babayi H, Olayemi IK, Peter OO, Fadipe LA, Baba E & Izebe KAnti-tubercular activities and molecular characterization of salivary extract of leech (Hirudo medicinalis) against Myobacterium tuberculosos2018Bacteria, Saliva
903Oliver J & DeLoughery EPLeeches and plastic surgery in the modern era2018Review Article, Surgery
924Parkes LO, Barker K, Poutanen SM, Grant JM, Libman M, Leis J, Stapleton P, Silverman M & Hota SModern problem, medieval care-resistant Aeromonasin medicinal leeches2018Pharmacovigilance, Antibiotic Resistance
929Pawaskar M, Katariya P, Joglekar N & Bawane VCEffect of Jalaukavacharana in inflammatory joint disorders - A case study2018Osteoarthritis, Inflammation
957Prasad SM & Shah BRole of Jalauka (leech) therapy in the management of keloid - A case report2018Dermatology, Keloid
960Priyanka L & Nita KMRole of leech therapy in surgical diseases2018Surgery, Review, Ayurveda
1016Saglam N, Özbay Ö, Demir T, Baler M, Pala A & Kilic AEffect of water quality on monthly density variation of the endangered southern medicinal leech Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820 (Hirudinea: Arhynchobdellida: Hirudinidae)2018Leech Breeding
1082Shah A, Shah S & Khan TIrsal-e-Alaq (Leech therapy) in Unani system: A review2018History, Review, Ayurveda
1085Shakouri A & Abdolalizadeh JAnti-cancer activity of liposoma medical leech saliva extract (LSE)2018Cancer
1086Shakouri A, Adljouy N, Balkani S, Mohamadi M, Safari F & Hamishekar HEffectiveness of topical gel of medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) saliva extract on patients with knee osteoarthritis: A randomized study2018Orthopeadics, Osteoarthritis, Saliva Extract Gel
1092Sharma M & Sukesh AA review on importance of Raktamokshana in management of varicose vein and varicose ulcer2018Varicosis, Ulcer, Wound Healing
1113Singh SK & Rajoria KMedical leech therapy in Ayurveda and biomedicine - A review2018Review Article, Ayurveda, History, Therapy
1114Sinjid R & Gopikrishna BJClinical efficacy of Jalaukavacharana (leech application) in gluteal hematoma - A case study2018Haematoma
1143Spiers EManaging vascular compromise of hand and digit replantation following traumatic amputation2018Surgery
1144Sprott HKleiner Biss mit großer Wirkung - Hirudotherapie des 21. Jahrhunderts2018Pain, Rheumatism
1171Surugiu VOn the presence of the European medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalisLinnaeus, 1758 (Annelida: Hirudinea) in Romania2018Biology, Epidemiology
1173Syed AA & Mehta ATarget specific anticoagulant peptides: A review2018Biology, Pharmacology
1174Tabasum HEfficacy of Unani medications and Taleq (leech therapy) in the management of Taqashshur Jild (Psoriasis). A case report2018Dermatology, Psoriasis
1185Tessler M, de Carle D, Voiklis ML, Gresham OA, Neumann J, Cios S & Siddall MEWorms that suck: Phylogenetic analysis of Hirudinea solidifies the position of Acanthobdellida and necessitates the dissolution of Phynchobdellida2018Biology
1206Tupikowska M, Woziniak Z, Wojchiechowska-Zdrojowy JM, Maj J & Jankowska-Konsur AHirudotherapy - A rare case of pseudolymphoma2018Pharmacovigilance, Pseudoplymphoma, Dermatology
1209Ugural B, Serezli R, Hamzacebi S & Ciftci HMedical applications of medicinal leeches and its breeding techniques2018Therapy, Breeding
1263Wang G, Long C, Liu W, Xu C, Zhang M, Li Q, Meng P, Li D & Rong MNovel sodium channel inhibitor from leeches2018Saliva, Biology
1264Wang H, Zhang J & Chen LThe efficacy and safety of medical leech therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials2018Osteoarthritis
18Ahirrao RA, Jadhav JB & Pawar SPA review on leech therapy2017Review
27Al-Badran & Al-Fadal SCloning, expression of hirudin gene from leech (Hirudo orientalis) in BL21 (DE3) strain2017Biology, Hirudin, Gene Expression, Saliva
30Aldemir C & Duygun FWhen and how should leeches be applied in cases of venous congestion?2017Surgery, Procedure
39Ammar A, Guns E, Kucuk O, Abdualkader A & Alaama MMechanism of anticancer activity of BPS-001 (lyophilized leech saliva extract)2017Pharmacology, Cancer
48Anuradha C & Shridhara BSRole of Jalaukavacharana in management of Vipadika: A case study2017Dermatology, Skin cracks
60Asgari SA, Rostami S & Teimoori MLeech therapy for treating priapism: Case report2017Priapism
67Atalym I, Akat E, Arikan H & Uyamkgil YLight microscopy investigation of the immune system cells of Hirudo medicinalis Linnaeus 17582017Biology
136Batovski AA, Sheenkov YA, Karakozov AG, Olenicheva EL, Sterkova GV, Levchenko OB, Molodova A, Kazakov SP, Orlov FA, Khritinin DF, Malakhovski VV & Katenko SVClinical evaluation of the effectiveness of using non-drug treatment integrated technique from military contract servicemen with metabolic syndrome2017Metabolic sndrome
159Bitzer S, Peters K, Klügel R, Berndsen M & Garanin G4 Fachleute - 4 Behandlungsmethoden Rhizarthrose2017Rhizarthritis
166Bonow M & Svanberg IUrban ponds for breeding medicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis, Linnaeus 1758)2017History, Biology
206Cakmak T, Caltekin I, Gkcen E, Savrun E & Yasar EKounis syndrome due to hirudotherapy (leech therapy) in emergency department: A case report2017Pharmacovigilance, Allergy, Kounis Syndrome
250Cornejo A, Shammas RL, Povomero LP, Lee HJ & Hollenbeck STInstitutional outcomes of leech therapy for venous congestion in 87 patients2017Surgery
256Cuddy LCWound closure, tension-relieving techniques, and local flaps2017Veterinary Medicine, Wound Closure
278Deshmukh SSRole of leeches in acne vulgaris2017Dermatology, Acne
366Galatis HTUntersuchungen an den Haltungsbedingungen von Blutegeln für medizinische Zwecke2017Biology, Breeding
378Ghawi AM, Merzouk A, Abdualkader AM & Alaama MTreating bacterial skin infection with a whole leech saliva extract2017Skin Infection, Saliva, Patent
406Graf JDer medizinische Blutegel in der Pferdephysiotherapie2017Veterinary Medicine, Horses
429Gülyesil FF, Sabaner MC, Duman R, Cetinkaya E & Duman RPeriorbital cellulitis that developed after alternative medication of Hirudo medicinalis application2017Pharmacovigilance, Periorbital Cellulitis
434Gupta K, Chaudhary S & Singh OPPotent effect of leech therapy and aswagandha ghrita on oxidative stress and IL-1 level in the patient of osteoarthritis (sandhigata vata)2017Oxidative Stress, Osteoarthritis
435Gupta S, Patil S, Patil V & Singh SLiterary and scientific review of leech therapy in Ayurveda and modern science2017Review, Ayurveda
445Hajtalebi H, Iurigh HK & Hajtalebi HRTreatment of diabetic foot ulcer in a 74-year-old female patient based on Iranian traditional medicine in Bojnurd2017Dermatology, Diabetic Foot, Ulcer, Wound Healing
447Hajtalebi H, Iurigh HK & Hajtalebi HRTreatment of leg venous congestion using Iranian leech therapy after orthopedic surgery in a 12-year adolescent with double and open fracture of distal of right leg and ankle dislocation2017Surgery, Haematoma
448Hajtalebi H, Iurigh HK & Hajtalebi HRTreatment of systemic lupus erythematosus in a 44-year-old female patient according to Iranian traditional medicine in Bojnurd2017Lupus erythematodus
449Hajtalebi H, Iurigh HK & Hajtalebi HRInvestigating the treatment status of 10 patients with second and third degree diabetic foot ulcers based on the therapeutic protocols of Iranian traditional medicine in Bojnurd from 2015-20162017Diabetic Foot, Wound Healing
452Hamidizadeh N, Azizi A, Zarshenas MM & Ranjbar SLeech therapy in treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis: A case report2017Dermatology, Wound Healing, Leishmaniasis
457Hardia A, Pol H & Pol SA study to evaluate the efficacy of Jalaukavacharan in Vyanga vis-a-vis melasma2017Dermatology, Hyperpigmentation
481Herlin C, Bertheuil N, Bekara F, Bossiere F, Sinna R & Chaput BLeech therapy in flap salvage: Systematic review and practical recommendations2017Surgery, Procedure Review Article
492Ho PH, Khan MAA & Hogg FA simple approach to confine leeches to a digital flap2017Procedure
505Hwang K, Kim HM & Kim YSMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus following leech application at a congested flap after a mastectomy2017Pharmacovigilance, Resistant Infection
540Joslin J, Biondid A, Walker K & Zanglin NA comprehensive review of Hirudiniasis: From historic uses of leeches to modern treatments of their bites2017Hiurudiniasis, Review Article, Wildlife Leeches
551Kadu AS, Rajput DS & Deshmuk SGManagement of recurrent nasal vestibular furunculosis by jalaukavacharana and palliative treatment2017Dermatology, Furuncle
567Karimi M & Soroushzadeh SMVenous leg ulcer treatment in an 85-year-old female patient based on Iranian traditional medicine in Tehran in 20162017Dermatology, Ulcer
573Katariya P, Pawaskar M, Joglekar N, Katariya Y & Datye AAn exploratory prospective clinical study to assess the combined effect of Virechana and Raklamokshana in Vicharchika - A case study2017Dermatology, Itching, Wound Healing
574Katiyar S, Kuma B & Misra SKHolistic review of Jaluka - A natural surgical tool in the management of Ashra (Haemorrhoids)2017Review, Haemorrhoids
589Khanna V, Raina A, Bhardwaj A, Sharma A & Khajuria AEffect of leech application in thrombosed haemorrhoid2017Dermatology, Haemorrhoids
664Langer S, Vezsenyi K, deCarle D, Bersdorf VD & Kvist SLeeches (Annelida: Hirudinea) from the far north of Ontaria: Distribution, diversity, and diagnostics2017Biology
714Lu YX, Cheng BX, Guo QS, Liu F, Shi HZ & Guo LStudies on effect of water temeperature, stocking density and feeding cycle on growth and feeding in Hirudo nipponica2017Biology
719Macias D, Kwon DI, Walker PC & Peterson NRMicrovascular replantation of a composite facial avulsion in a 24-month-old child after dog bite2017Surgery, Facial Avulsion
726Mahanta VD, Foram J, Dudhamal TS & Gupta SKJalaukavacharana (leech application) and adjuvant therapy in the management of infected wound2017Wound Healing
796Michalsen A & Hohmann CDBlutegeltherapie bei chronischen unteren Rückenschmerzen (LWS Syndrom)2017Low Back Pain
832Müller C, Haase M, Lemke S & Hildebrandt JPHirudin and hirudin-like factors in Hirudinidae: Implication for function and phylogenetic relationships2017Hirudin, Saliva, Biology
852Nair V, Das KP & Saha NHirudotherapy: Will the glorious past return?2017Review Article
870Ng AHirudotherapy: A guide to using leeches to drain blood from tissue2017Review, Procedure, Surgery
919Pandey SK & Rasale PLThe scientific review on clinical and therapeutic aspects of Jalaukavacharan (leech therapy)2017Review Article, History
965Pulze L, Baranzini N, Giradello R, Grimaldi A, Ibba-Manneschi C, Ottaviani E, Reguzzoni M, Tettamanti G & de Eguilan MA new cellular type in intervertebrates: First evidence of telocytes in leech Hirudo medicinalis2017Biology
970Ramesh G, Yadav CR, Shahu SK & Mothaliya KA case study of leech therapy (Jalukavacharana) in Khalityia w.s.r. alopecia2017Dermatology, Alopecia areata
972Rampure N, Channabasavanna BM & Mallikarjun MJalaukavacharana in diabetic foot ulcer - A case study2017Wound Healing, Diabetic Foot, Ulcer
1012Ruppé E, Cherkaoui A, Wagner N, LaScala GC, Beaulieu Y, Girard M, Frey J, Lazarevic V & Schrenzel JIn vivo selection of multidrug-resistant Aeromonas salmonicida during medical leech therapy2017Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
1019Saidel WM, Saglan N, Salas de la Cruz D, Saunders R & Shain DHElaborate ultrastructure of Hirudo (Annelida: Hirudinae) cocoon surface2017Biology
1025Samarendra H & Kalu PMedicinal leech therapy in plastic surgery2017Surgery, review
1029Saranya U & Kanesalingam MWound healing activity of leech therapy on Dhusta Virnam: A case study2017Dermatology, Wound Healing
1031Saroj SJ, Kasle S & Giri SAyurvedic management of TAO (BUERGER`S Disease) - A case study2017Dermatology, Thromboangiitis, BUERGER`S Disease, Wound Healing
1039Sawant DP & Panzade SMManagement of periapical abscess with Jalaukavacharana (leech application) - A single case study2017Dermatology, Abscesses
1096Shaw SK, Prakruthi G & Sujathamma KEffects of Jaloukavacharana in inflammatory eye disorders2017Ophthalmology
1101Shifra ASF & Ayshah FAHIrsal e alaq (Hirudo therapy) on Maa e Aksar (glaucoma): A scientific review2017Glaucoma
1107Sig AK, Guney M, Guclu AU & Ozmen EMedicinal leech therapy - An overall perspective2017Review Article
1115Sirajuddin SM, Shaikh A & Sajid MMThe effect of Irsal-E-Alaq (leech) in the management of varicose vein: A review2017Varicosis
1150Sternberg J, Doerler M, Stuecker M & Gambichler TPseudolymphomas after leech therapy2017Pharmacovigilance, Pseudolymphoma, Dermatology
1194Tomina Y & Wagenaar DAWhole ganglion imaging of voltage in the medicinal leech using a double-sided microscope2017Biology
1195Traina G & Scuri RAcetyl-L-Carnitine affects the electrical activity of mechanosensory neurons in Hirudo medicinalis ganglia2017Breeding, L-Carnitine
1227Varsha S & Pradeep KRole of leech therapy in the management of Vidradhi (Amavastha and Pachyamanavastha)2017Dermatology, Abscesses
1236Viviano SL & Keith JEarly experience using anastomotic couplers in digital replantation and revascularization2017Surgery, Digits
1317Yapici AK, Durmus M, Tanyuksel M, Turkhan S, Tuzum HY & Arsenishvili AHirudo medicinalis - historical and biological background and their role in microsurgery2017Surgery, Review Article
20Ahmad Z & Ali HTreatment of chronic non-healing leg ulcers in Unani (Greek) system of medicine - Case report2016Dermatology, Ulcer
23Alam SS, Ahmad W & Yunus SSIrsal-el-Alaq (Leech therapy/hirudo therapy) in surgical diseases: A review2016Surgery, Review Article
36Amaley KD & Naphade AMMechanism of action of leech by different salivary secretions2016Review, Saliva
44Andhey VP, Tambe AL, Malavade HC & Tople PBRole of jalaukavacharana (leech therapy) in the management of scalp psoriasis . A case study2016Dermatology, Psoriasis
54Arutyunyan AF, Gaydukov SN & Kustarov VNContemporary aspects of pathogenically substantiated therapy of adenomyosis2016Endometriosis
64Asutkar SG & Varshney SA conceptual overview on inflammatory markers in patients of cellulitis (Vranashopia) and its management with leech therapy2016Cellulitis
143Beger B, Loewenich F, Goetze E, Moergel M & Walter CLeech related Aeromonas veronii complex infection after reconstruction with a microvascular forearm flap2016Surgery, Infection
145Belaldavar BP, Umest N, Mohit S & Kalakuntlar MAn uncalled guest in the nose: A living leech2016Leech Infestation
151Bhangare AN & Lahange SMA critical review on consequence of Jalaukavacharan (leech therapy) in clinical practice2016Ayurveda, Review Article
152Bharanijan KS, Jalagandeswarar K & Ashok VHirudotherapy - A cure in vampire`s kiss: A review2016Therapy, History
161Blaszkowska J & Litwinowicz APrevention of transmission of potentially pathogenic fungi from the leech H. verbana used in hirudotherapy2016Microbiology, Pathogenic Fungi, Infections, Transmission
202Butt AM, Ismail A, Lawson-Smith M, Shahid M, Webb, J & Chester DLLeech therapy for the treatment of venous congestion in flaps, digital re-plants and revascularizations - A two-year review from a regional centre2016Surgery, Review Article
224Chaudhari DRTo study the efficacy of Jalaukavacharan and Shadanga Guggulu in Puyalasa w.s-r. to acute dacryocystitis2016Dermatology, Lacrimal Sac Infection, Dacrocystitis
247Cooper EL & Mologne NExploiting leech saliva to treat osteoarthritis: A provocative perspective2016Saliva, Osteoarthritis
276Desai MD & Rao PNCritical review of Jalaukavacharana2016Review, Ayurveda
288Dogan S, Özgün MY, Akman C, Kalafat UM & Ocak TUse of primary sutures to stop persistent bleeding due to hirudotherapy2016Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
291Dong H, Ren JX, Wang JJ, Ding LS, Zhao JJ, Liu SY & Gao HMChinese medicinal leech: Ethnopharmacology, Phytochemistry and pharmacological activities2016Chinese Medicine, Review Article
292Dörre U & Koeppen DRasche Schmerzreduktion bei guter Verträglichkeit2016General Practitioner, Haematoma, Gout, Pain, Osteoarthritis
304Echchaoui A, Ahmad AA, Raboune M & Fejjal NThe therapeutic inspiration of the humble leech as reconstructive surgery: A brief overview2016Surgery, Review Article
313Emtiazi M, Jokar SZ & Sadeghmanesh RNasal polyp in Iranian traditional medicine & conventional medicine2016ENT, Nasal Polyp
325Fazio MV, Economides JM & Pargavi ECombined subcutaneous heparinization and negative pressure wall suction as mechanical adjunct for digital replant salvage2016Surgery
374Ghawi AMTreating colorectal cancer with a whole, leech saliva extract2016Cancer, Patent, Biopep Solutions
375Ghawi AMTreating a melanoma with a whole, leech saliva extract2016Cancer, Patent, Biopep Solutions
391Giri RVRole of Ayurvedic treatments -Ksharakarma (Caustic Cautery) and Jalaukavacharana (Hirudotherapy) in the management of necrotising fascitis - A case study2016Ayurveda, fascitis
417Grimaldi AOrigin and fate of hematopoetic stem precursor cells in the leech Hirudo medicinalis2016Biology, Haematopoesis
436Gustafsson J, Liden M & Thorarinsson AMicrosurgically aided upper lip replantation - case report and literature review2016Surgery, Lip Replantation
438Güven RTreatment of a patient in hemorrhagic shock due to leech bite with tranexamic acid2016Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
446Hajtalebi H, Iurigh HK & Hajtalebi HRTreatment of diabetic foot ulcer in a 58-year old Turkman patient2016Dermatology, Diabetic Foot, Ulcer, Wound Healing
451Hakim J, Smith PA, Cao D, Rosales A, Naguib N, Nguyen A, Modder A, Ehrhardt D, Rivas-Bustamente M, Hunt R & Dietrich JFReinventing old medicine with new methodology: A mechanical leech2016Mechanical Leech
487Hilal R & Ali TLeech therapy in the osteoarthritis of knee joint2016Osteoarthritis
513Iqbal A, Haider H, Shah A, Ahmad Z & Islam NManagement of keloid by hirudotherapy2016Dermatology, Keloid
520Isik M, Ugur M, Yakisan RS, Sari T & Yilmaz NComparison of the effectiveness of medicinal leech and TENS therapy in the treatment of primary osteoarthritis of the knee2016Osteoarthritis
526Jahangir U, Akram M & Urooj SLeech therapy in dermatology2016Dermatology, Review Article
527Jain S & Anita SElixir action of Ayurveda in Khalitya2016Hair loss, Alopecia, Ayurveda
532Javed AEffect of leech application in prolapsed thrombosed hemorrhoid: A case study2016Haemorrhoids, Thrombosis
549Jyothsna S, Verma SK, Sreevani M & Kiran TUA review of the therapeutic applications of leech2016Surgery, Review Article
561Kampowski T, Eberhard L, Gallenmüller F, Speck T & Poppinga SFunctional morphology of suctions discs and attachment performance of the Mediterranean medicinal leech (Hirudo verbana Carena)2016Biology
586Khan SA, Rehman S & Ahmer SMManagement of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) by leech therapy: A case study2016Deep Vein Thrombosis
599Klügel REin Biss, der Schmerzen lindern kann2016Orthopaedics
600Klügel RMitteilung der DGTHA2016German Association of Hirudotherapy DGTHA
606Koca CF, Cicek MT & Kayikcioglu EAn unusual body in the larynx: A live leech in the larynx2016Casuality, Wild Leeches
613Koeppen DBlutegeltherapie: Mehr als ein Ausleitungsverfahren2016Review Article
618Konyrtaeva NN, Ivanov SV, Kausova GK, Zharnov VA & Grjibovski AMLeech therapy in Kazakhstan: Patient`s characteristics and compliance with treatment2016Demography
627Kretzberg J, Pirschel F, Fathiazar E & Hilgen GEncoding of tactile stimuli by mechanoreceptors and interneurons of the medicinal leech2016Biology, Nervous System
643Kumar SBApplication of leech (Jalauka) therapy on the management of Vatarakta (gout)2016Gout
665Larsson J, Klasson S & Arnljots BSuccessful nose replantation using leeches for venous draining2016Surgery
679Lemke S, Müller C & Hildebrandt JPBe ready at any time: Postprandal synthesis of salivary proteins in salivary gland cells of the haematophagous leech Hirudo verbana2016Biology, Saliva, Hirudo verbana
739Mangulabnan VD & Dasgupta RKA rare case of pneumonia caused by leeches2016, Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Pneumonia
743Mansoor SN, Anwar Z & Sheen SNReach the leech: An unusual cause of hematuria2016Wildlife Leeches, Epistaxis, Haematuria, Urethra, Hirudiniasis
747Marden JN, McClure EA, Beka L & Graf JHost matters: Medicinal leech digestive-tract symbionts and their pathogenic potential2016Review, Infections, Microbiology, Aeromonas
779Mendenhall SD, Sawyer JD & Adkinson JMArtery-only ear replantation in a child: A case report with daily photographic documentation2016Surgery, Ear Replantation
825Moslehi MA, Imanieh MH & Adib ABronchial leech infestation in a 15-year-old female2016Leech Infestation
827Mousavi SA, Ghazemi M, Mousavi SJ, Darka SSM & Baghari VComparison of leeching and heparin therapy in management of acute venous congestion of limbs in rats2016Pharmacology, Venous Congestion, Inflammation, Heparin
831Mule C, Chandankhede A & Mule KCHirudotherapy (Jaluakavacharana) in Netraroga according to Sushrutha: A review2016Ayurveda; Review Article
834Müller C, Mescke K, Liebig S, Mahfoud H, Lemke S & Hildebrandt JPMore than just one: Multiplicity of Hirudins and Hirudin-like factors in the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis2016Saliva, Hirudin, Biology
839Müller MPilotstudie zur Messung der mechanischen Berührungs-, Druckschmerz- und Vibrationsempfindungsschwelle bei Therapie der Gonarthrose mit Hirudo medicinalis2016Knee Osteoarthritis, Sensory Threshold
848Murzakhmetova S, Janzakova D & Mektepbayeva DAnticancer effects of leech extract on breast cancer cells2016Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, Pharmacology
853Najar FA, Khan JA, Fatima M, Ahmad K & Fasial MEfficacy of Taleeq (Leech therapy) in the management of Bawaseer (Haemorrhoid): A case series2016Haemorrhoids
858Nayak S & Kumar PHEffect of jalaukavacharana along with samshamanan chirkitsa in ek-kushta with special reference to psoriasis: A case study2016Psoriasis, Ayurveda
874Nikitina A, Babenko V, Akopian T, Shirokov D, Manuvera V, Kurdyumov A, Kostsyukova E & Vassili LDraft mitochondrial genomes of Hirudo medicinalis and Hirudo verbana (Annelida Hirudinea)2016Biology, Genom Analysis
905Oregaard JS, Lang CL & Venzo APartial salvage of avulsed tissue after dog bite2016Surgery
913Ott BM, Dacks AM, Fyan KJ & Rio RVMA tale of transmission: Aeromonas veronii activity within leech-exuded mucus2016Biology, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
928Pavlova IB, Danyan G, Chen LC & Yudina TGSensitivity of mycobacterium smegmatis to antibiotic effect of saliva cells secretion of the medical leech Hirudo medicinalis2016Saliva, Antibiosis
948Popa OA, Surugiu V, Vadana MI & Popa LGenetic variability of the Mediterrenean medicinal leech (Hirudo verbana Carena 1820) in Romania2016Biology, Genom Analysis
968Rajeev K, Chandramohan A & Sarita VBuerger`s disease - Where is the relief? A critical review2016Dermatology, Wound Healing, BUERGER`s Disease, Thromboangiitis
969Rajic AJ & Deleyiannis FWBDetermining the duration of leech therapy in the treatment of acute venous congestion in prefabricated free flaps2016Surgery, Procedure
988Reynolds A & Oboyle CNurses` experiences of leech therapy in plastic and reconstructive surgery2016Surgery, Nurses
1008Rothenberger J, Petersen W, Schaller HE & Held MDetermining the appropriate number and duration of leech therapy in congested tisuue spectrophotometry and laser Doppler Flowmetry2016Surgery, Doppler Fluorimetry, Microcirculation, Oxygen to See O2C. Wound Healing, Mode of Action
1014Sadeghi A, Navabakhsh B & Vahedi NILeech induced pyoderma gangrenosum in an ulcerative colitis patient: A case report2016Pharmacovigilance
1017Saglam N, Saunders R, Lang SA & Shain DHA new species of Hirudo (Annelida: Hirudinea): Historical biogeography of Eurasian medicinal leeches2016Biology
1018Sahin AG & Saglan NThe investigation of hyaluronidase activity in muscle of medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis)2016Biology, Saliva, Hyaluronidase
1020Saifi N, Alam S & Ahmed SLeech therapy: Modern and Unani medical perspective2016History, Review
1028Saqlain M, Ali F, Parveen A & Riaz ABenefits of leech therapy in Unani system of medicine: A review2016Review Article
1087Shammas RL, Cornejo A, Poveromo LP & Hollenbeck STOutcomes of leech therapy for venous congestion after reconstructive surgery2016Review Article, Surgery, Venous Congestion
1091Sharma AG & Bamola PRole of Jalaukavacharana in Netra Roga2016Review, Lacrimal Cyst
1104Shyam SR, Rashmi K & Yogesh NA study of jalaukavacharana (leech therapy) on vicharchika (eczema): A case report2016Dermatology, Eczema
1129Soffian MSM, Mohamed I & Shukri NA rare cause of otalgia and otorrhagia: Alive leech in the ear2016Wildlife Leeches, Hirudiniasis
1142Spear MMedicinal leech therapy: Friend or foe2016Review Article
1154Stokoz KY & Bystritskaya TSLeech therapy in women with a history of primary ologomenorrhoea2016Menorrhoea, Endometriosis
1160Stratton MS, Ammar A, Wang Y, Hessein M, Guns E, Kucuk O, Merzouk A & Kwok DBPS-001, a complex biologic agent from the medicinal leech (Hirudinaria manillensis) for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer2016Pharmacology, Prostate Cancer
1170Surendranth D, Rao PN, Gopikrishna BJ & Pathak ARole of leeches in peri-orbital lacerations healed by primary intention2016Haematoma, Wound Healing
1176Tambuwala A, Kaul D, Bohra T & Antula RALeech therapy in the management of congested free flaps2016Review Article
1187Thakur I, Reddy S, Patil S & Rajendra KHirudotherapy in dentistry2016Dentistry
1198Troeltzsch M, Troeltzsch M, Probst FA, Ristow O, Ehrenfeld M & Otto SCurrent concepts in salvage procedures for failing microvascular flaps: Is there a superior technique? Insights from a systematic review of the literature2016Surgery Review Article
1220Vaibhaw A, Antiwal M, Singh JP & Singh OPLeech therapy (Jalaukavacharan) in Ayurveda medicine: A scientific review2016Review, Leech therapy, Ayurveda
1230Verriere B, Sabatier B, Carbonelle E, Mainardi JI, Prognon P, Whitaker I, Lantieri L & Hivelin MMedicinal leech therapy and Aeromonas spp. infection2016Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas, Surgery
1245Wagenheim GN, Au J & Gargiolo PCMedicinal leech therapy for glans penis congestion after primary bladder exstrophy-epispadias repair in an infant: A case report2016Surgery, Paediatrics
1311Wollina U, Heinig B & Nowak AMedical leech therapy (Hirudotherapy)2016Review Article
1322Zaidi SMUnani treatment and leech therapy saved the diabetic foot of a patient from amputation2016Diabetic Foot, Gangrene, Wound Healing
40Ammar A, Hassona MH, Meckling GR, Chan LG, Chin MY, Abdusikader A, Alsama M, Marzouk A, Helaluddin A, Ghawi A, Kucuk O & Guns ESAssessment of the antitumor activity of leech (Hirudinaria manillensis) saliva extract in prostate cancer2015Pharmacology, Prostate Cancer, Saliva
41Ammar A, Hessein M, Guns E, Chin, M, Helaluddin AB, Abdualkader A, Alaama M, Merzouk A, Ghawi A & Kucuk OIn vivo assessment of the therapeutic effects of lyophilized leech saliva extract from (Hirudinaria manillensis) on LNCaP tumor xenograft model in nude mice2015Pharmacology, Prostate Cancer, Saliva
94Bakhshi M, Jalalian B, valiant M, Shariati S, Saeidi T & Ranjbar HCan leech therapy be used as an alternative treatment for controlling migraine headache?2015Migraine
104Barzegar A, Azizi A, Faridi P & Mohagheghzadeh ALeech therapy in Iranian traditional medicine2015History
106Baskova IPHirudotherapie (Handbuch)2015Review Article
168Borakhade VR & Khot VSTreatment of Indralupta with local Jalaukavacharan and application of Gunja Beeja Lepa: A case report2015Dermatology, Alopecia
190Brzezinski P, Solovan C, Chiriac A & Foia LCase report: Positive outcome of medical leeches (hirudotherapy) for venous congestion2015Dermatology, Erythema, Pharmacovigilance
209Camison L, Naran S, Maricevich R, Adetayo O, Savit A Grunwaldt LJ, Goldstein j A, & Losee JELarge composite cartilage crafts with hyperbaric oxygen: An alternative in pediatric facial reconstruction2015Surgery
215Ceylan M, Cetinhayan O, Kücükhara R & Akcimen UReproduction efficiency of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana Carena, 18202015Biology, Breeding
232Choudhary PKLeech therapy in Thromboangiitis obliterans (BUERGER`S Disease)2015Wound Healing, Thromboangiitis (BUERGER`S Disease), Doppler Fluorimetry
233Chua S, Pitts M & Lemark PA simple flexible and readily applicable method of boundary construction to prevent leech migration2015Procedure
260Danilov AG, Zhivoglyad LN, Bondarenko OA, Olga M. Voroshilova OM, Aleksenko VY, Bogatyreva IMultidimensional phase-space analysis in assessing the health of patients with hypertensive disease in the north of Russia2015Hypertension
362Frolov AK & Litvinenko RAEffect of medicinal leeches` antigens on the proliferative response of human blood mononuclear cells and cytokine production in vitro2015Breeding, Biology, Pharmacology
363Frolov AK & Litvinenko RABasic morphofunctional features of pharmaceutical leech (Hirudo verbana Carena 1820) tissues in various forms of response after hirudotherapeutic procedures2015Breeding, Biology, Pharmacology
428Gujjanwar S, Asutkar SG & Dwiwedi SKThe efficacy of Jallaukavacharan (leech therapy) in Mukhdushika (Acne)2015Acne
431Gunawan F, Wibowo YR, Bunawan NC & Turner JHControversy: Hirudotherapy (leech therapy) as an alternative treatment for osteoarthritis2015Osteoarthritis
433Gupta AK, Parida A, Singh AK & Panda RKA clinical study of Virechana karma and Jaloukavacharana (leech therapy) in Ekakushta w.s.r to psoriasis2015Dermatology, Psoriasis
499Houschyar KS, Momeni A, Maon ZN, Pyles MN, Jew OS, Strathe M & Michalsen AMedical leech therapy in plastic reconstructive surgery2015Review Article, Surgery
514Iqbal A, Jan A, Huma, Sha A, Ahmad Z, Islam N, Naine M, Wajdil MA, Tariq S & Salroo INManagement of keloid by hirudotherapy: A latest non surgical approach2015Dermatology, Keloid
533Jha K, Garg A, Narany R & Das SHirudotherapy in Medicine and Dentistry2015Review Article
539Jose M, Varghese J & Babu ASalvage of venous congestion using medicinal leeches for traumatic nasal flap2015Surgery
550Kadu AJalaukavacharan (Leech) in Anjananamika (External Hordeolum)2015Dermatology, Hordeolum, Stye, Eyelid
575Kaundal R, Sharma OP, Garg GK & Hiremath JLeech therapy in perianal haematoma – A case report2015Dermatology, Haematoma
587Khan SM & Ansari ANEffects of leech therapy (Irsal-e Alaq) and Unani formulation (Itrifal Sagheer with Zanjabeel) in the management of varicose veins: An open, randomized, standard controlled three groups clinical trial2015Dermatology, Varicosis
617Konyrtaeva NN, Grjibovski AM, Kausova GK, Zhernov VA & Kalmataeva ZALeech therapy in treatment of cardiovascular diseases2015Review Article, Cardiology, Hypertension
630Kucur C, Durmus K, Uysal IO, Old M, Agrawal A, Arshad H, Teknos TN & Ozer EManagement of complications and compromised free flaps following major head and neck surgery2015Surgery, Review Article, Haematoma
633Kulkarni NH & Patil SNClinical evaluation of leeching and surgical excision in the management of external thrombosed haemorrhoids2015Dermatology, Haemorrhoids
635Kumar M, Manjusha R & Baghela DBA clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of Karpuradi Kuzhampu Anjana and Jalaukavacharana in the management of praklinnavartma (blepharitis)2015Blepharitis, Eye Disease
659Labinsky AYEffectiveness of nonpharmacological therapy of patients with ischemic stroke (Hirudotherapy combined with nutritional correction)2015Cerebrovascular Disease, Stroke
703Liu C & Barkley TMedicinal leech therapy: New life for an ancient treatment2015Review Article
736Manadhar S, Chetti S, Shah S, Sah BP, Shilpakar S, Mishra S, Kandel D & Gupta PPLiving foreign body: Leech inside the nasal cavity causing epitaxis2015Wildlife leech
766Marsden NJ, Kyle A, Jessop ZM, Whitaker IS & Laing HLong-term outcomes of microsurgical nasal replantation: Review of the literature and illustrated 10-year follow-up of a pediatric case with full sensory recovery2015Surgery
811Mishra DPJalauka-Awacharan (application of leech) for the management of pain in Dusta Vrana (Non-healing ulcer)2015Dermatology, Ulcer
857Nayak S & Kumar PHA scientific appraisal on hirudotherapy - An evolution in life style disorders2015Ayurveda
863Nelson MC, Bomar L & Graf JComplete genome sequence of the novel symbiont Mucinivorans hirudinis M32015Biology, Infections
864Nelson MC, Bomar L, Maltz M & Graf JMucinivorans hirudinis gen. Nov., sp. Nov., an anaerobic mucin-degrading bacterium isolated from the digestive tract of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana2015Biology, Infections
912Ott BM, Beka L, Graf J & Rio RVMDraft genome sequence of Pedobacter sp. Strain Hv1, an isolate from medicinal leech mucosal castings2015Biology, Mucus, Infections, Bacteria, Genome
914Ott BM, Rickards A, Gehrke L & Rio RVMCharacterization of shed medicinal leech mucus reveals a diverse microbiota2015Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Mucus
927Pathak S, Ashwini PA, Girbide SG & Kadam KNManagement of Khalita WSR to androgenetic alopecia through jalaukavacharana by ayurveda: A case study2015Dermatology, Alopecia
955Prakash J, Singh M, Kumar M, Kumar S & Sambyal SEffect of leech therapy in chronic ulcer - A case study2015Wound Healing, Dermatology, Leg Ulcer
982Reese K, Gümbel D, Seifert J, Daeschlein G, Napp M & Ekkernkamp AInfektionen im Zusammenhang mit der Anwendung von Hirudo medicinalis-Zwei Fallberichte und Literaturübersicht2015Surgery, Venous Congestion, Osteoarthritis, Erysipelas, Infections, Pharmacovigilance
1026Sanapala C, Jones J, McConville R & Foo MTreatment of a nasal tip laceration with adjunctive leech therapy: A case report2015Surgery
1030Sargin S, Atik A, Merik G & Ulusal AELeech treatment for prolonged digital ischemia2015Surgery
1116Sivachandran P, Heera R, Lalitha P, Ravichandran M, Sivadasan S & Marimuthu KAn overview of leech and ist therapeutic applications2015Review
1140Spaans AJ, van Minnen LP, Kon M, Schuurmann AH, Schreuders AR & Vermeulen GMConservative treatment of thumbbase osteoarthritis: A systematic review2015Osteoarthritis (thumb), Orthopaedics
1197Tripthi P & Ashalata MHirudotherapy - Modern twist to ancient science and its relevance in maxillofacial region - A review article2015Review
1237Viviano SL, Hahn E, Lee ES & Keith JDThe leech condo: An innovative approach to containing leeches on a congested flap2015Surgery
32Altamura D, Calonje E, Liau JI, Rogers M, Verdolini RDiffuse cutaneous pseudolymphoma due to therapy with medicinal leeches2014Pharmacovigilance, Pseudolymphoma, Dermatology
33Altintac ALeech therapy according to Ottoman medical manuscripts2014History
76Aurich M, Hahn S & Koeppen DComeback van de bloedzuigertherapie in de moderne Geneeskunde2014Review Article
97Banihani OI, Fox JA, Gander BH, Grunwald LJ, & Cannon GMComplete penile amputation during ritual neonatal circumcision and successful replantation using postoperative leech therapy2014Surgery
126Baskova IP, Pavlova IB & Parfenov ASAnalysis of the effects of medicinal leech on arterial function in elderly volunteers by means of photoplethysmography with angioscan-012014Cardiovascular System, Photopletysmography, Healthy Volunteers
138Bauters T, Buyle F, Blot S, Robays H, Vogelaers D, van Landuyt K, Vanhove W & Claeys GProphylactic use of levofloxacin during medicinal leech therapy2014Pharmacovigilance, Prophylaxis
147Bennett-Marsden M & Ng AHirudotherapy: A guide to using leeches to drain blood from tissue2014Surgery, Procedure
153Bhat AI, Habib A, Mustafa AKG, Tariq S, Saif R, Wani Z, Islam N & Wajid MALeech therapy in alopecia areata – A single case report2014Alopecia areata, Autoimmune Disease
179Boute NJThe use of medical leeches for venous congestion2014Veterinary Medicine, Cat
199Buote NJThe use of medical leeches for venous congestion. A review and case report2014Veterinary Medicine
223Chaubey PK, Singh AK, Mishra SP & Singh OPBiochemical analysis of anti-oxidation effect of leech therapy in the patients of osteo-arthritis2014Osteoarthritis, Anti-Oxidants
253Croft AM, Chandra S, Fernandez GAP & Michalsen ACochrane Review (Protocol): Leeches (Hirudinea)for osteoarthritis2014Review Article, Osteoarthritis
261Daraei P, Calligas JP, Katz E, Etra JW, Sethna ABReconstruction of upper lip avulsion after dog bite: Case report and review of literature2014Surgery, Review Article
262Darestani KD, Mirghazanfari SM, Moghaddam KG, Hejazi SLeech therapy for linear incisional skin-wound healing in rats2014Pharmacology, Wound Healing, Surgery
264Das BKAn overview on hirudotherapy/leech therapy2014Review Article
302Dwiwedi SPRole of jalaukavacharana (leech therapy) in the management of ankle sprain: A pilot study2014Orthopaedics, Ankle Ligament Distorsion
305Ediweera ERHA review on leech application (Jalaukacharana) in Ayurveda and Sri Lankean traditional medicine2014Review Article
440Habrmanova M, Slezak V, Galatova H & Takac PHirudotherapy in treatment of different chronic venous diseases2014Dermatology, Venous Congestion
468Hauswirth SHirudopunktur – Akupunktur mit Blutegeln2014Veterinary Medicine, Acupuncture
556Kaehler Schweizer D & Westendorff MDie Blutegeltherapie. Wissenswertes für Patienten zur Hirudotherapie2014Patient Brochure
563Kang IG, Jung JH, Kim ST & Kim YJReconstruction of a columellar defect with a nasolabial island flap2014Surgery
612Koeppen DDie zunehmende Bedeutung der Blutegeltherapie auf nationaler, europäischer und internationaler Ebene – Informationen zu rechtlichen und organisatorischen Rahmenbedingungen2014Legal Position of Leech Therapy
615Koeppen D, Aurich M & Rampp TMedicinal leech therapy in pain syndromes: a narrative review2014Review Article, Pain
628Kruer RM, Barton CA, Roberti G, Gilbert B & McMillian WDAntimicrobial prophylaxis during Hirudo medicinalis therapy: A multicenter study2014Surgery, Pharmacovigilance
669Lauche R, Cramer H, Langhorst J & Dobos GJA systematic review and meta-analysis of medical leech therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee2014Orthopaedics, Osteoarthritis, Review Article
678Lemke SDie Speicheldrüsenzellen des medizinischen Blutegels, Hirudo verbana - Struktur, Inhaltsstoffe und mögliche Funktionen2014Biology. Leech Saliva, Hirudo verbana
701Litwinowicz A & Blaszkowska JPreventing infective complications following leech therapy: Elimination of symbiotic Aeromonas spp. from the intestine of Hirudo verbana, using antibiotic feeding2014Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas, Infections
734Maltz M, Bomar L, Lapierre P, Morrison HG, McClure EH, Sogin ML & Graf JMetagenomic analysis of the medicinal leech gut microbiota2014Biology, Germs, Genom Analysis
792Michalsen ABlutegel in der Therapie2014Review Article, Therapy
818Moosavian HR, Mirglazanfari SM & Moghaddam KGEffect of ischemia preconditioning and leech therapy on cutaneous pedicle flaps subjected to prolonged ischemia in a mouse model2014Surgery, Pharmacology
841Mumcuoglu KYRecommendations for the use of leeches in reconstructive plastic surgery2014Surgery, Procedure, Pharmacovigilance, Antibiotics
917Özyurt S, Koca G, Demirel K, Baskin A & Korkmaz MFindings of bone scintigraphy after leech therapy2014Scintigraphy, Blood Flow Measurement
920Pannucci CJ, Nelson JA, Chung CU, Fischer JP, Kanchawala SK, Kovach SJ, Serletti JM & Wu LCMedicinal leeches for surgically uncorrectable venous congestion after free flap breast reconstruction2014Surgery
977Rasi A, Faghihi A, Jalali MA, Zamanian A & Ghaffarpour GLeech therapy for epidermoid cysts and review of the literature2014Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Cysts
978Rastogi S & Chaudhari PPigment reduction in nevus of Ota following leech therapy2014Dermatology, Nevus
981Reddy KRClinical study of leech application in various medico-surgical conditions2014Surgery, Varicosis, Haematoma, Ulcer
989Rheinbaben F, Riebe O, Koehnlein J & Werner SViral infection risks for patients using the finished product Hirudo verbana (medicinal leech)2014Hirudo medicinalis, Pharmacovigilance, Pathogenous Viruses, Infections
1038Savrun A, Bozkurt S, Okumus M, Gökcen E & Türkaslan MProlonged bleeding on the neck in leech therapy: Case report2014Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
1081Senthilkumaran S, Benita F, Menezes RG & Thrumalaikolundusubramanian PLeech therapy and infection control: No clear window2014Infections
1090Shankar KMP, Rao SD, Umar SN & Gopalkrishnaiah VA clinical trial for evaluation of leech application in the management of Vicharchika (Eczema)2014Dermatology, Eczema
1094Shashank J & Londe PDRole of leech application in Vatarakta: A pilot study2014Orthopaedics, Gout
1128Sobczak N & Kantyka MHirudotherapy in veterinary medicine2014Veterinary Medicine
1135Sonal C & Pankaj KEffect of leech therapy in non healing ulcer WSR to Dustavruna: An observational study2014Wound Healing, Ulcer
1161Streit L, Dvorak Z, Novak O, Stiborova S & Vesely JThe use of medicinal leeches in fingertip replantation without venous anastomosis – case report of a 4-year old patient2014Surgery
1169Sullivan SR & Taylor HOEar replantation2014Surgery
1181Tarazjamshidi M, Bagheri F, Mirkazemi M, Amelfarzad S, Ashraf H, Azami M & Perivandi MTLeech therapy in nearly amputation of fingers without vascular repair: A case report2014Surgery
1213Utevsky SYPatterns of specification and phylogenesis of leeches (Hirudinida)2014Leeches, Taxonomy, Demography, Specification, Phylogenesis
1218Uzun G, Cezdemin A, Yildiz S & Tanyuksel MTo suck or not to suck: Medicinal leech therapy for lower extremity wounds in patients with peripheral arterial disease2014Wound Healing, Dermatology
1223Van Alphen NA, Gonzalez A, McKenna MC, McKenna TK, Carlsen BT & Moran SLCiprofloxacin-resistant Aeromonas infection following leech therapy for digit replantation: Report of 2 cases2014Pharmacovigilance, Surgery, Aeromonas, Ciprofloxacin
1288Whitaker IS Maltz M, Siddall ME & Graf JCharacterization of the digestive tract microbiota of Hirudo orientalis (Medicinal leech) and antibiotic resistance profile2014Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Resistance to Antibiotics
1306Winkler C & Manzke UFunde der Blutegelarten Hirudo medicinalis und Hirudo verbana in Norddeutschland unter Berücksichtigung von Amphibien als Wirtsorganismen - Ergebnisse einer Anfrage der RANA 132014Biology
1320Yuniar I, Atmodowirjo P & Handayani SLeech therapy in pediatric trauma patient with facial flap2014Surgery, Paediatrics
4Abdualkader AM, Ghawi AM, Alaama M, Awang M, Merzouk ALeech therapeutic applications2013Review Article, Therapy, History, Cancer
24Alam T, Hasan I, Perveen A, Nasamuddin M & Perveen SIndications, contraindications and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs)2013Review Article, Procedure
53Arusan S, Bayan B, Gödekmerdam A & Saglam NA case report: Hirudotherapy as treatment modality in the microsurgery2013Surgery
68Athreya P, Grampurohit P, Jahagirdhar S & Toshikhane HDEffectiveness of Lalaukavacarana (Leech therapy) in acute inflammatory joint disorders2013Osteoarthritis
72Aurich MBlutegel-Tradition und Moderne2013Review Article
113Baskova IP, Alekseeva AY, Kostyuk SV, Neverova ME, Smirnova TD & Veiko NNThe use of a novel reagent, Cu-FL, for determination of NO synthesis stimulated by the medicinal leech salivary cell secretion in human endothelial cell (HUVEC) and rat cardiomyocyte cultures2013Saliva
155Bibbo C, Fritschel T, Stemper M & Hall MFlap infection associated with medicinal leeches in reconstructive surgery: Two new drug-resistant organisms2013Surgery, Aeromonas hydrophila, Pharmacovigilance, Antibiotics, Resistance
327Federighi G, Macchi M, Bernardi R, Scuri R, Brunelli M, Durante M & Traina GDifferentially expressed genes in Hirudo medicinalis ganglia after acetyl-L-carnitine treatment2013Biology
342Fleischer NLeeches as therapeutic chances in birds2013Veterinary Medicine
385Gileva OS & Mumcuoglu KYHirudotherapy2013Review Article, History
387Giltner CL, Bobenchik AM, Uslan DZ, Deville JG & Humphries RMCiprofloxacin-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila cellulitis following leech therapy2013Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Resistance to Antibiotics
393Glaeser SP, Galatis H, Martin K & Kämpfer PFlavobacterium cutihirudinis sp. nov., isolated from Hirudo verbana2013Biology, Pharmacology, Flavobacteria
399Gönen I, Özsahin M, Turan H, Uslu M, Celbek G, Yildirim M & Ataoglu SAcinetobacter infection developed after leech therapy in a patient with gonarthrosis: A case report2013Pharmacology, Infections, Acinetobacter
427Grunwald S & Koeppen DMedizinische Blutegel, Physiotherapie und gruppenspezifische Bewegungsprogramme2013Osteoarthritis
512Ingole AR, Dhabarde DM, Kamble MA & Potnis WModern touch to traditional leech therapy: A review2013Pharmacology, Mechanical Leech
521Itrat M & Zarnigar HNHistorical aspects of leech therapy: A critical review2013History
546Jung JA, Kim YW & Kang SRReconstruction of unexpected huge chart wall defect after recurrent breast cancer excision using a TRAM flap combined with partial Latissimus Dorsi muscle flap2013Surgery
555Kaehler Schweizer D & Westendorff MHirudotherapie. Ein Handbuch der Blutegel-Therapie2013Handbook
569Kashiwagi K, Hashimoto I, Abe Y, Kotsu K, Yamano M & Nakanishi HQuantitative analysis of hemodynamics of congested island flaps under leech therapy2013Pharmacology, Surgery, Doppler Fluorimetry
590Khelifa E, Kaya G & Laffitte ECutaneous pseudolymphomas after leech therapy2013Dermatology, Pharmacovigilance, Pseudolymphoma
594Kim JH, Kim JM, Park JW, Hwang JH & Kim KSReconstruction of the medial canthus using an ipsilateral paramedian forehead flap2013Surgery
639Kumar S, Dobos GJ & Rampp TClinical significance of leech therapy in Indian medicine2013Biology, Dermatology, Wound Healing, History
655Kutschera U, Langguth H, Kuo DH, Weisblat DA & Shankland MDescription of a new leech species from North America, Helbdella ausinensis n.sp. (Hirudinea: Glossiphoniidae) with observations on its feeding behaviour2013Biology
657Kvist S, Min GS & Siddal MEDiversity and selective pressures of anticoagulants in three medicinal leeches (Hirudinida, Hirudinidae, Macrobdellidae)2013Biology, Anticoagulation
680Lemke S, Müller C, Lipke E, Uhl G & Hildebrandt JPMay salivary gland secretory proteins from hematophagous leeches (Hirudo verbana) reach pharmacologically relevant concentrations in the vertebrate host?2013Saliva, Proteins, Hirudo verbana
702Litwinowicz A & Blaszkowska JHirudo verbana is a source of fungal isolates potentially pathogenic to humans2013Hirudo verbana, Pharmacovigilance, Mycosis
707Lok U, Bozkurt S, Okur M, Gulack U & Hatipoglu SA rare case of adverse effects caused by leech bite2013Pharmacovigilance, Skin reactions
708Lone AH, Ahmad T, Anwar M & Naiyar AHClinical evaluation of leech therapy in the management of osteoarthritis: A pilot study2013Osteoarthritis
738Mandegar HMLocalized treatment of chest pain is still common in rural areas2013Pharmacovigilance, Cardiovascular System
770Martin GM, Linnell JD, Yang SS, Lin J, Camarata PJ & Andrews BTUltrasound localization of a tunneled leech beneath a microvascular scalp reconstruction2013Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Procedure
776Medina A & Tredget EStrategies to increase flap survival in nasal reconstruction in patients with deep panfacial burns2013Surgery, Dermatology, Burns
803Michel S, Jork N, Rockmann C, Grohme, M, Franke P, Menzel D & Frohme MCharakterisierung des mikrobiellen Symbioms von Blutegeln2013Biology, Aeromonas
826Motilal R, Rashmi M & Kumar SAConcept of Jalaukavacharana (leech application) in Ayurveda2013Biology, Ayurveda
901Okka BHirudotherapy from past to present2013History
926Patel KM, Svestka M, Sinkin J & Ruff PCiprofloxacin-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila infection following leech therapy: A case report and review of the literature2013Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Resistance to Antibiotics
971Ramesh K, Omprakash S, Garg KG, Iyoti H & Ashuani KJaulakavacharana (Hirudotherapy): A unique para surgical measure2013Review Article
1032Sartor C, Bornet C, Guinard D & Fournier PETransmission of Aeromonas hydrophila by leeches2013Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila, Resistance to Antibiotics
1035Savinov VASymbiotic bacterium from medicinal leech as the acting agent of hirudoautohaemotherapy2013Cancer, Immune Therapy
1036Savinov VAUpper extremity elephantiasis after radical mammectomy leech therapy2013Cancer
1040Sawyer RTHistory of leech trade in Ireland, 1750-1915: Microcosm of a global commodity2013History
1045Schäfer SMolekularbiologische Untersuchungen der Zusammensetzung und Abundanz von Bakterien in der Aquakultur einer Blutegelzucht nach unterschiedlicher Wasserbehandlung2013Pharmacovigilance, Bacteria, Breeding
1079Senchenkov A & Jacobson SRMicrovascular salvage of a thrombosed total ear replant2013Surgery
1089Shankar KMP, Dattatreya R & Prasad SA histopathological study on leech application in the management of vicharchika (Eczema)2013Dermatology, Eczema, Doppler Fluorimetry
1093Sharma MR, Metha CS, Shukla DJ, Patel KB, Patel MV & Gupta SNMultimodal Ayurvedic management for Sandhigatavata (Osteoarthritis of knee joints)2013Osteoarthritis
1099Shiffa M, Siddiqui MA, Sultana A, Zaman F, Fahamiya N & Akhtar MUComparative clinical evaluation of leech therapy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis2013Knee Osteoarthritis
1112Singh OPClinical validation of leech therapy in the management of gout2013Orthopaedics, Gout
1117Sivachandran P, Marimuthu K, Ravichandran M & Arockiaraj JAntibiotic susceptibility of body surface and gut micro flora of two aquatic leech species (Hirudinaria manillensis and Hirudinaria javanica) in Malaysia2013Pharmacovigilance, Antibiotic Resistance
1191Tib TWS, Iqbal A & Advia IHistorical aspects of leech therapy: A critical review2013History
1193Titlow J, Majeed ZR, Nicholls JG & Cooper RLIntracellular recording, sensory field mapping, and culturing identified neurons in the leech, Hirudo medicinalis2013Neurons
1303Wilmer A, Slater K, Yip J, Carr N & Grant JThe role of leech water sampling in choice of prophylactic antibiotics in medical leech therapy2013Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas, Ciprofloxacin, Sulfamethox.-Trimethoprim, Antibiotics Resistance
1308Wittke-Michalsen EAchtsamer Umgang mit Blutegeln in der Praxis2013Pharmacovigilance, Procedure
5Abdullah S, Dar LM, Rashid A, Tewari AHirudotherapy/leech therapy: Applications and indications in surgery2012Review Article, Surgery
47Antipov A & Kamenev OThrombolytic substance on the basis of medical leech extract2012Saliva
150Bhagat PJ, Raut SJ & Lakhapati AMClinical efficacy of Jalaukavacharana (leech application) in thrombosed piles2012Dermatology, Haemorrhoids
154Bhuyan C, Dudhamal TS & Gupta SKJalaukavacharan (Leech application): Para-surgical approach to Shlipada (Fileriasis): A pilot study2012Elephantiasis, Fileriasis
165Bomar L, & Graf JInvestigation into the physiologics of Aeromonas veronii in vitro and inside the digestive tract of the medicinal leech using RNA-seq2012Hirudo medicinalis, Aeromonas
231Choi Y & Kim SCCutaneous pseudolymphoma induced by Hirudo medicinalis therapy2012Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Pseudolymphoma
248Cooper EL, Balamurugan M, Huang CY et al.Earthworms dilong: Ancient, inexpensive, noncontroversial models may help clarify approaches to integrated medicine emphasizing neuroimmune systems2012History, Saliva
301Dwivedi APCase study of leech application in diabetic foot ulcer2012Dermatology, Wound Healing, Diabetic Foot, Ulcer
312Elyassi AR, Terres J & Rowshan HHMedicinal leech therapy on head and neck patients: A review of literature and proposed protocol2012Surgery
369Gaudry Q & Kristan WBDecision points: The factors influencing the decision to feed in the medicinal leech2012Biology
376Ghawi AM, Abdualkader AM, Merzouk A & Alaama MSeason variation and starvation period on the antithrombotic activity of leech saliva extract from the medicinal Malaysian leech, Hirudinaria Manillensis2012Breeding, Saliva, Anti-Thrombosis, Biology
377Ghawi AM, Abdualkader AM, Merzouk A & Alaama MFree radical scavenging activity of the medicinal Malaysian leech saliva extract, Hirudo manillensis2012Saliva
398Gond P, Rani R & Shringi MKA clinical study to evaluate the efficacy of leech therapy and panchatikta ghrita in the management of psoriasis2012Dermatology, Psoriasis
420Gröbe A, Michalsen A, Hanken H, Schmelzle R, Heiland M & Blessmann MLeech Therapy in Reconstructive Maxillofacial Surgery2012Surgery
455Hanif H, Nouri M & Amarjamshidi AMedicinal leech therapy in neurosurgical practice2012Ischialgia, Thrombosis
478Hendrick RG & Tiwari PSuccessful replantation of upper lip avulsion injury using an arterialized venous anastomosis2012Surgery
562Kandarian B, Sethi J, Wu A, Baker W, Yazdami N, Kym E, Sanchez A, Edsall L, Gaasterland T & Macagno EThe medicinal leech genome encodes 21 innexin genes: Different combinations are expressed by central neurons2012Biology
584Khan JARole of leech therapy in osteoarthritis2012Osteoarthritis
623Kovalenko MV & Utevsky SYSize structure and comparative phenology of syntopic population of Hirudo verbana and Hirudo medicinalis in Eastern Ukraine2012Biology, Hirudo medicinalis
624Kozin SHPollicization: The concept, technical details, and outcome2012Surgery
637Kumar PH, Kumar RR & Rao RREfficacy of leech therapy and ayurvedic compound in vitiligo: A quasi experimental study2012Dermatology, Vitiligo
640Kumar SAAnti inflammatory effect of leech therapy in the patients of psoriasis (EK KUSTHA)2012Psoriasis, Inflammation
641Kumar SA & Prakash SOAnalgesic and anti inflammatory effect of leech therapy (Jalaukavcharan) in the patients of osteoarthritis (Sandhigata Vata)2012Orthopaedics, Osteoarthritis
644Kumar VD, Kumar CP, Kumar SA & Singh OPA critical review on historical aspects of jalaukavacharan (hirudotherapy)2012History
650Kutschera UThe Hirudo medicinalis species complex2012Taxonomy, Hirudo medicinalis, Hirudo verbana, Biology
651Kutschera UHilfreiche Blutsauger in der Medizin und ihre Systematik2012Taxonomy, Hirudo medicinalis, Hirudo verbana
670Lauche R, Cramer H, Moebus S, Paul A, Michalsen A, Langhorst J & Dobos GJResults of a 2-week inpatient stay at the department for internal and integrative medicine: An observational study2012Therapy
724Maetz B, Abbou R, Andreoletti JB & Bruant-Rodler CInfections following rhe application of leeches: Two case reports and review of the literature2012Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas veronii biovar, Review Article
744Manzke U & Winkler CAmphibien als Wirt des medizinischen Blutegels (Hirudo medicinalis) - Literturauswertung und Aufruf zur Mitarbeit2012Biology
862Nelson MC & Graf JBacterial symbioses of the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana2012Aeromonas hydrophila
871Nguyen MQ, Crosby MA, Skoracki RJ & Hanasono MMOutcomes of flap salvage with medicinal leech therapy2012Surgery
887Nouri M, Karimi-Yarandi K, Etezadi F & Amirjamshidi ALeech therapy for pain relief: Rationale behind a notion2012Orthopaedics, Lumbago, Sciatica, Pain Therapy
891Nyholm SV & Graf JKnowing your friends: Invertebrate innate immunity fosters beneficial bacterial symbiosis2012Bacteria, Immune System
892O`Dempsey TLeeches - the good, the bad and the wiggly2012Review
899Oh TS, Hallock G & Hong JPFreestyle propeller flaps to reconstructed defects of the posterior trunk: A simple approach to a difficult problem2012Surgery
909Orkiz Z, Mraovic B, Kvolitz S, Istvanic T, Divkovic D & Kristek JDoes the type of anaestesia administered affect the efficacy of medicinal leech therapy after finger replantation: Clinical observations in a 6-year-old boy2012Surgery
918Panda AK & Debnath SKEffectiveness of leech therapy in Gambhira Vata-Rakta (Acute gout): A pilot study2012Orthopaedics, Gout
944Pietrzak A, Kanitakis J, Tomasiewicz K, Wawrzycki B, Kozlowska-Loj J, Dybiec E & Chodorowska GCutaneous complications of improper leech application2012Pharmacovigilance, Allergy, Skin Reactions
980Raval HN & Thakar ABRole of Raktamokshama by Jalaukavacharana and Siravedhana in the management of Vicharchika (Eczema)2012Dermatology, Eczema
1100Shiffa M, Siddiqui MA, Sultana A, Zaman F, Fasihuzzaman N & Fahamiya NLeech therapy in knee osteoarthritis: Mechanism and effects2012Review Article, Osteoarthritis
1147Stange R, Moser C, Hopfenmüller W, Mansmann U, Bühring M & Ühleke BRandomised controlled trial with medical leeches for osteoarthritis of the knee2012Osteoarthritis
1149Stemann A & Elberg JJMicrosurgical replantation and postoperative leech treatment of a large severed nasal segment2012Surgery, Nose replantation
1158Storck UDas Anwendungsgebiet der Blutegeltherapie bei rheumatischen Erkrankungen: Erfahrungen aus 35-jähriger Anwendung an einem rheumatologischen Zentrum2012Review Article, Rheumatism
1201Trontelj A & Utevsky SYPhylogeny and phylogeography of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo): Fast disposal and shallow genetic structure2012Hirudo medicinalis
1293Whitaker IS, Oboumarzouk O, RozenWM, Naderi N, Balasubramanian SP, Azzopardi EA & Kon MThe efficacy of medicinal leeches in plastic and reconstructive surgery: A systematic review of 277 reported clinical cases2012Surgery, Review Article
1336Zengin S, Yarbil P, Kilic H & Al BProlonged bleeding due to a medicinal leech bite: Another treatment method, primary suture2012Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
2Abbas Zaidi SM, Jameel SS, Zaman F, Jilani S, Sultana A & Khan SAA systematic overview of the medicinal importance of sanguivorous leeches2011Review Article, Saliva
31Al-Khleif A, Roth M, Menge C, Heuser J, Baljer G & Herbst WTenacity of mammalian viruses in the gut of leeches fed with porcine blood2011Hirudo medicinalis, Pharmacovigilance, Pathogenous Viruses, Infections
81Azzopardi EA, Whitaker IS, Rozen WM, Naderi N & Kon MChemical and mechanical alternatives to leech therapy: A systematic review and critical appraisal2011Surgery
85Bäcker M, Lüdtke R, Afra D, Cesur Ö, Langhorst J, Fink M, Bachmann J, Dobos GJ & Michalsen AEffectiveness of leech therapy in chronic lateral epicondylitis: A randomized controlled trial2011Epicondylitis
240Clemenz NWirkung der Blutegeltherapie auf die Schmerzintensität bei Patienten mit Arthrose: Systematische Literaturübersicht2011Osteoarthritis
310Elliott JM & Kutschera UMedicinal leeches: historical use, ecology, genetics and conservation2011Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
316Erbacher UDie Blutegel-Therapie2011Review Article, Varicosis,Thrombophlebitis
339Flecken P & Koeppen DFallbericht: Blutegel-Therapie beim Ohrhämatom2011Haematoma
345Flurry M, Natoli NB, Mesa JM & Moyer KETunneling of a leech into a free flap breast reconstruction2011Surgery, Pharmacovigilance
373Gerry SP & Ellerby DJSerotonin modulates muscle function in the medicinal leech Hirudo verbana2011Biology
394Gödemerdan A, Arusan S, Bayar B & Saglam NMedicinal leeches and hirudotherapy2011Review Article
489Hildebrandt JP & Lemke SSmall bite, large impact-saliva and salivary molecules in the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis2011Saliva, Review Article
524Izharul H, Faiyaz, A & Mohd SScientific efficiency of leech remedy in varicose ulcer2011Varicosis, Leg Ulcer
554Kaehler Schweizer DBlutegeltherapie bei Polycythaemia vera2011Polycythaemia vera
565Karadag AS, Calka O, Akdeniz N & Cecen IA case of irritant contact dermatitis with leech2011Pharmacovigilance, Allergy, Dermatology, Dermatitis
576Kaya B, Bat O, Bulut NE, Altun H & Memisoglu KProlonged venous bleeding due to traditional treatment with leech bite: a case report2011Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding, Varicosis
598Kirk RGW & Pemberton NRe-imagining bleeders: The medicinal leech in the nineteenth century bloodletting encounter2011History
608Koch CA, Olsen SM & Moore EJUse of the medicinal leech for salvage of venous congested microvascular free flaps of the head and neck2011Surgery
621Köse R, Mordeniz C & Sanli CUse of expanded reverse sural artery flap in lower extremity reconstruction2011Surgery
642Kumar SA & Prakash SOAnalgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of leech therapy in the management of arthritis2011Orthopaedics, Osteoarthritis
661Lamb DG & Calabrese RLNeural circuits controlling behavior and autonomic functions in medicinal leeches2011Biology, Nervous System
709Lone AH, Ahmad T, Anwar M, Habib S, Sofi G & Imam HLeech therapy – a holistic approach to treatment in Unani (Greek-Arab) medicine2011History, Review Article, Unani therapy
733Maltz & Graf JThe type II secretion system is essential for erythrocyte lysis and gut colonizationb by the leech digestive tract symbiont Aeromonas veronii2011Biology, Anticoagulation, Haemolysis, Aeromonas veronii
817Mommsen J, Rodriguez-Fernandez J & Mateos-Micas MAvulsion of the auricle in an anticoagulated patient: Is leeching contraindicated? A review and a case2011Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Warfarin
828Mozafari N, Ghazisaidi MR, Hosseini SN & Abdolzadeh MComparisons of medicinal leech therapy with venous catherzation in the treatment of venous congestion of the sural flap2011Surgery
840Müller T, Voiss P, Klose P, Dobos G & Kümmel SBlutegeltherapie bei venöser Stauung im Nippel-Areola-Komplex nach brusterhaltender Therapie bei einer Patientin mit Mammakarzinom2011Surgery
851Nager M & Wuillemin WLeeching as a substitute for phlebotomy2011Venesection
933Petersen AM, Chin W, Feilich KL, Jung G, Quist JL, Wang J & Ellerby DJLeeches run cold, then hot2011Biology
937Petrauskiene L, Utevska O & Utevsky SReproductive biology and ecological strategies of three species of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo)2011Biology, Leeches
946Pirschel F & Kretzberg JEncoding of tactile stimulus parameters by mechano-sensory P cells of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis2011Biology, Nervous System
949Porshinsky BS, Saha S, Grossman MD, Beery II P & Stawicki SClinical uses of the medicinal llech: A practical review2011Surgery, Haematoma, Review Article
967Rai PK, Singh AK, Singh OP et al.Efficacy of leech therapy in the management of osteoarthritis (Sandhivata)2011Osteoarthritis
1110Silver AC, Williams D, Faucher J et al.Complex Evolutionary History of the Aeromonas veronii Group Revealed by Host Interaction and DNA Sequence Data2011Biology, Aeromonas, DNA, Pharmacovigilance
1119Slesak G, Inthalad S, Strobel M, Marschal M, Hall MJR & Newton PNChromoblastomycosis after a leech bite complicated by myiasis: A case report2011Pharmacovigilance
1179Taneja P & Rowson JNational survey of the use and application of leeches in oral and maxillofacial surgery in the United Kingdom2011Surgery, Procedure
1196Tripathi AK, Gupta SJ & Varshney SCHaematological study in patients with cellulitis treated by leech therapy2011Dermatology, Cellulitis, Wound Healing
1232Vigani A, Schnoke A & Pozzi AMaggot debridement and leech therapy as treatment of a partial digital amputation injury in a dog2011Veterinary Medicine
1262Wang EW , Warren DK, Ferris VM, Casabar E & Nussenbaum BLeech-transmitted Ciprofloxacin-resistant Aeromonas hydrophila2011Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Resistance to Antibiotics
1280Werner TBlutegeltherapie am Tier2011Veterinary Medicine
1291Whitaker IS, Josty IC, Hawkins S, Azzopardi E, Naderi N, Graf J, Damaris L, Lineaweaver WC & Kon MMedicinal leech and the microsurgeon: a four-year study, clinical series and risk benefit review2011Surgery, Review Article, Infections, Data Pooling, Aeromonas
1325Zarnigar AAEffect of taleeq (leech therapy) in dawali (varicose veins)2011Varicosis, Leg Ulcer, Wound Healing, Doppler Fluorimetry
1326Zarnigar AAClinical efficacy of leech therapy in varicose ulcer – a case series2011Varicosis, Leg Ulcer, Wound Healing, Doppler Fluorimetry
1344Zulhisyam AK, Ismail A & Omar ICOptimization of growth conditions of Hirudinea sp.2011Biology, Breeding
14Afra DRandomisierte kontrollierte Studie zur Wirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bei symptomatischer Epicondylitis lateralis humeri2010Epicondylitis, Orthopaedics
92Baj A, Beltramini GA, Lagana F & Gianni ABMicrosurgical upper lip replantation: a case report2010Surgery
96Baltzley MJ, Gaudry Q & Kristan WBSpecies-specific behavioral patterns correlate with differences in synaptic connections between homologous mechanosensory neurons2010Biology, Nervous System
127Baskova IP, Yudina TG, Zavalova LL & Dudkina ASProtein – lipid particles of medicinal leech salivary gland secretion; their size and morphology2010Saliva, Proteins, Lipids
178Bourdais L, Heusse JL, Aillet S et al.Complication infectieuse d‘un lambeau de TRAM liée aux sangsues: à propos d‘un cas2010Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
195Bulling BDie Behandlung der Thrombophlebitis mit Blutegeln2010Thrombophlebitis
198Buntic RF & Brooks DStandardized protocol for artery-only fingertip replantation2010Surgery, Anticoagulation, Blood Flow Measurement, Combination Therapy
225Chen WC, Chien CY, Yang CH, Li JH & Hwang CFNasal leech infestation: report of seven leeches and literature review2010Review Article, Leeches, Epistaxis, Wildlife Leeches, Hirudiniasis
280Dey R & Dey SOcular leech infestation2010Hirudiniasis, Wildlife Leeches
299Durrani KMTeach the leech the site to bite: another tip2010Surgery, Procedure
314Engels S, Schauseil S & Gehrt AKompendium Mikrobiologie2010Infections
400Gosselin BSalvage of near-total tongue amputation with hirudotherapy2010Surgery
416Green PA & Shafritz AMedicinal leech use in microsurgery2010Review Article, Surgery
479Henne ABlutegeltherapie bei Tieren2010Veterinary Medicine
504Hussey AJ & Kelly JLMicrosurgical replantation of an ear with no venous repair2010Surgery, Ear Replantation
529Janda JM & Abbott SLThe Genus Aeromonas: Taxonomy, Pathogenicity, and Infection2010Aeromonas, Review Article
558Kalender ME, Comez G, Sevinc A, Dirier A & Camci CLeech therapy for symptomatic relief from cancer pain2010Oncology, Cancer Pain
631Kukova G, Gerber PA, Antal AS & Horney BAllergy sucks: leeches may also be harmful2010Pharmacovigilance, Allergy, Dermatology, Dermatitis
656Kutschera U, Roth M & Ewert JDFeeding on Bufoid Toads and Occurrence of Hyparasitism in a Population of the Medicinal Leech (Hirudo verbana Carena 1820)2010Hirudo verbana, Biology, Leech Cannibalism, Breeding
658Kvist S, Oceguera-Figueroa A, Siddall ME & Erseus CBarcoding, types and the Hirudo files: Using information content to critically evaluate the identity of DNA barcodes2010Biology
667Laturnus M, Weger V & Bachter DBlutegeltherapie bei venös gestauter Lappenplastik2010Surgery, Dermatology, Wound Healing
689Levine SM, Frangos SG, Hanna B et al.Aeromonas septicemia after medicinal leech use following replantation of severed digits2010Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila, Antibiosis
705Lodders N, Roth M, Schilling L & Kämpfer PMicrobial diversity on the skin of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis: which bacteria can be found and how can the risk of infection be prevented?2010Pharmacovigilance, Infections
718Macagno ER, Gaasterland T, Edsall L et al.Construction of a medicinal leech transcriptome database and its application to the identification of leech homologs of neural and innate immune genes2010Biology, Nervous System, Transcriptom Database
735Mamelak AJ, Jackson A, Nizamani R, Arnon O, Liegeois NJ, Redett RJ & Byrne PJLeech therapy in cutaneous surgery and disease2010Surgery, Saliva, Anticoagulation, Fluorimetry, D-Dimers, History,
777Medina ND, Mehan V & Schmidt STHeparin-induced thrombocytopenia leading to flap failure: Hirudo medicinalis and implications2010Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, HIT, Heparin
787Michael JWP, Schlüter-Brust KU & Eysel PThe epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of osteoarthrosis of the knee2010Osteoarthritis, Review Article
788Michalsen ACorrespondence Letter to the Editor: Current State of Research2010Orthopaedics, Osteoarthritis
842Mumcuoglu KY, Huberman L, Cohen R Temper V, Adler A, Galun R & Block CElimination of symbiotic Aeromonas spp. from the intestinal tract of medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, using ciprofloxazin feeding2010Hirudo medicinalis, Aeromonas hydrophila, Infections
942Phillips AJ, Arauco-Brown R, Oceguera-Figueroa A et al.Tyrannobdella rex N. Gen. N. Sp. and the evolutionary origins of mucosal leech infestations2010Biology, Leeches, Tyrannobdella rex
950Pospelova ML & Barnaulov ODEffects of hirudotherapy on intravascular thrombosis activation in different cerebrovascular pathologies2010Thrombosis, Cerebrovascular Diseases
951Pospelova ML & Barnaulov ODHirudotherapy in the treatment of bilateral internal carotid artery occlusion: Case report2010Thrombosis, Cerebrovascular Diseases
964Pullen RLUsing leeches to treat wounds2010Dermatology, Wound Healing
973Ramzan M, Droog W & Sleeswijk Visser SLeech got your tongue? Haematoma of the tongue treated with medicinal leeches: a case report2010Haematoma, Dentistry, Implant
976Rasch KBlutegeltherapie bei Hufrehe der Pferde2010Veterinary Medicine, Horse
993Riede F, Koenen W, Goerdt S , Ehmke H & Faulhaber JDer Einsatz medizinischer Blutegel zur Therapie der venösen Stase und von Hämatomen bei Lappenplastiken2010Surgery, Dermatology, Haematoma, Venous Congestion
1055Schnabl SM, Kunz C, Unglaub F, Polykandriotis E, Horch RE & Dragu AAcute postoperative infection with Aeromonas hydrophila after using medicinal leeches for treatment of venous congestion2010Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila, Antibiosis,
1111Singh APMedicinal leech therapy (hirudotherapy): a brief overview2010Review Article, Therapy
1145Srivastava A & Sharma RA brief review on applications of leech therapy2010Therapy
1184Tenkir A & Tibebu TLeech on the eye in a child2010Leeches
1216Utevsky SY, Zagmajster M, Atemasov A, Zinenko A, Utevska O, Utevsky A & Trontelj PDistribution and status of medicinal leeches (genus Hirudo) in the Western Palaeartic: anthropogenic, ecological, or historical effects2010Leeches, Taxonomy, Demography
1244Wagenaar DA, Hamilton MS, Huang T et al.A hormone-activated central pattern generator for courtship2010Biology
1247Wagner JA, Kendler M, Simon JC & Wetzig THirudo medicinalis – Blutegel-Anwendung in der Dermatochirurgie2010Surgery, Dermatology
1297Wiebelitz KR & Beer AMNaturapathy consultation: arthrosis2010Osteoarthritis, Review Article
1Abbas Zaidi SM, Jameel SS, Sultana A, Zaman F & Fuzail MSafety and efficacy of leeching therapy for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis using Indian medicinal leech2009Osteoarthritis (knee)
75Aurich M & Koeppen DEine Anwenderumfrage zur Blutegeltherapie – Auswertung von 171 Falldokumentationen2009Therapy, Pharmacovigilance
91Baj A, Beltramini GA, Lagana F & Gianni ABAmputation trauma of the face: surgical techniques and microsurgical replantations2009Surgery
162Blessmann M & Schmelzle RDie Blutegeltherapie in der plastischen Chirurgie2009Review Article, Surgery
214Cesur ÖRandomisierte kontrollierte Studie zur Wirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bei symptomatischer Rhizarthrose2009Osteoarthritis
235Clancy S & Tan MCLate salvage of a free TRA flap with medicinal leech therapy: a case report2009Surgery
266Davila VJ, Hoppe IC, Landi R, Ciminello FSThe effect of anchoring sutures on medicinal leech mortality2009Surgery, Biology
340Flecken P & Michalsen AIndikationen2009Review Article, Therapy
341Flecken P & Michalsen AKontraindikationen.2009Review Article
371Geishauser M, Schmiedl S, Knobloch K, Vogt PM & Gohritz ATeach the leech to bite: another technical tip to tame Hirudo medicinalis2009Surgery
403Graf JDie Bakterienflora des medizinischen Blutegels Hirudo medicinalis2009Infections
418Grimaldi A, Banfi S, Bianchi C et al.The leech: a novel invertebrate model for studying muscle regeneration and diseases2009Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Pharmacology
424Groß U & Roth MZur Biochemie der Blutegelsekrete2009Saliva
525Jagannathan M, Barthwal V & Devale MAesthetic and effective leech application2009Surgery
542Jueg WDer medizinische Blutegel (Hirudo medicinalis LINNAEUS, 1758) in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern2009Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Demography
592Kikuchi Y, Bomar L & Graf JStratified bacterial community in the bladder of the medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana2009Biology, Aeromonas hydrophila
596Kim KS, Kim ES, Hwang JH & Lee SYMicrosurgical replantation of a partial helix of the ear2009Surgery, Ear Replantation
662Lamy B, Kodjo A, the coIBHV Study Group & Laurent FProspective nationwide study of Aeromonas infection in France2009Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas
772Massart D, Sohawon S & Noordally OMedicinal leeches2009Review Article, Biology, Therapy, History
791Michalsen ABlutegeltherapie bei chronischen Rückenschmerzen2009Orthopaedics
820Morozova SV & Aksenova OVDie Hirudotherapie bei der Behandlung peripherer cochleovestibulärer Erkrankungen vaskulärer Genese2009Tinnitus, Vertigo
888Novakovic D, Patel RS, Goldstein DP & Gullane PJSalvage of failed free flaps used in head and neck reconstruction2009Surgery, Review Article
923Papavramidou N & Christopoulou-Aletra HMedicinal use of leeches in the texts of ancient Greek, Roman and early Byzantine writers2009History
936Petrauskiene L, Utevska O & Utevsky SCan different species of medicinal leech (Hirudo spp.) interbreed?2009Biology, Leeches
941Phillips AJ & Siddall MEPoly-paraphyly of Hirudineae: many lineages of medical leeches2009Hirudo medicinalis, Taxonomy
1003Roth MZur Biologie der Blutegel.2009Hirudo medicinalis, Taxonomy
1004Roth MZur Biochemie der Blutegelsekrete.2009Saliva
1021Saki N, Rahim F, Nikghlagh S, & Saki GMeta analysis of the leech as a live foreign body: detection, precaution, and treatment2009Epistaxis, Wildlife Leeches, Hirudiniasis
1084Shain DHAnnelids in Modern Biology2009Biology, Handbook
1108Silver AC & Graf JPrevalence of genes encoding the type three secretion system and the effectors AexT and AexU in the Aeromonas veronii group2009Biology, Leeches
1153Stock FDer Einsatz von Blutegeln zur symptomatischen Schmerztherapie bei Patienten mit Arthrose des Kniegelenks2009Osteoarthritis
1180Tanzeel A & Mohd AClinical importance of leech therapy2009Review Article, Therapy, Venesection
1215Utevsky SY, Kovalenko N, Doroskenko K, Petrauskiene L & Klymenko VChromosome numbers for three species of medicinal leeches (Hirudo spp.)2009Leeches, Taxonomy
1224Van Heiningen TWJean-Baptiste Sarlandière‘s mechanical leeches (1817-1825): An early response in the Netherlands to a shortage of leeches2009History
1287Whitaker ISMolecular genetic, microbiological and clinical analysisof Hirudo species (leeches). Implications for use in surgical practice.2009Surgery, Review Article, Biology
1292Whitaker IS, Kamya C, Azzopardi EA, Graf J, Kon M & Lineaweaver WCPreventing infective complications following leech therapy: is practice keeping pace with current research?2009Surgery, Infections, Aeromonas
1307Wittke-Michalsen EZur Praxis der Blutegeltherapie.2009Therapy
1310Wittke-Michalsen EZur Geschichte der Blutegeltherapie2009History
1316Yantis MA, O‘Toole KN & Ring PLeech therapy2009Surgery, Review Article, Procedure
1342Zhao X, Higgins, KM, Enepekides D & Farwell GMedicinal leech therapy for venous congested flaps: case series and review of the literature2009Surgery, Review Article
19Ahmad R, Baharuddin KA, Zaidin H et al.An unusual case of urethral hirudinasis2008Pharmacovigilance, Leeches
42Andereya S, Stanzel S, Maus U, Müller-Rath R, Mumme T, Siebert CH, Stock F & Schneider UAssessment of leech therapy for knee osteoarthritis2008Osteoarthritis
80Azari K & Fisher CA simple device for the application of medicinal leeches2008Surgery
98Bank J, Zilinsky Y, Haik J et al.Medicinal leech fixation in precarious locations2008Surgery, Procedure
110Baskova IP & Zavalova LLPolyfunctionality of destabilase, a lysozyme from a medicinal leech2008Saliva, Destabilase
115Baskova IP, Ferner Z, Balkina AS, Kozin S, Kharitonova OV, Zavalova LL & Zgoda VGSteroids, histamine, and serotonin in the medicinal leech salivary gland secret2008Saliva, Steroids, Histamine, Serotonin
120Baskova IP, Kostrjukova ES, Vlasova MA, Kharitanova OV, Levitskij SA, Zavalova LL & Moshkoviskiy SAProteins and peptides of the salivary gland secretion of medicinal leeches Hirudo verbana, H. medicinalis, and H. orientalis2008Saliva
309Elliott JMPopulation size, weight distribution and food in a persistent population of the rare medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis2008Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
321Etemadi J, Ardalan MR, Motavali R, Tubbs S & Shoja MMThrombotic microangiopathy as a complication of medicinal leech therapy2008Pharmacovigilance, Microangiopathy, Renal failure
326FDH Fachverband deutscher HeilpraktikerÜber die Blutegeltherapie2008Review Article, Therapy
421Gronwald W, Bomke J, Maurer T et al.Structure of the leech protein saratin and characterization of its binding to collagen2008Saliva, Calin, Saratin
535Jobst DVon Blutegeln, Schröpfköpfen und Co2008Therapy
552Kaehler Schweizer DThérapie par les sangsues2008Handbook
609Koch CA, Olsen SM, Moore EJ et al.Leech bites: massive bleeding, coagulation profile disorders, and severe anemia2008Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
611Koeppen DZum Einsatz der Blutegeltherapie bei Arthrosen2008Review Article, Osteoarthritis
620Kose A, Zengin S, Kose B, Gunay N, Yildirim C, Kilinc H & Togun ILeech bites: massive bleeding, coagulation profile disorders, and severe anemia2008Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
671Laufer AS, Siddall ME & Graf JCharacterization of the digestive tract microbiota of Hirudo orientalis, a European medicinal leech2008Hirudo orientalis, Biology, Infections
800Michalsen A, Lüdtke R, Cesur Ö, Afra D, Musial F, Bäcker M, Fink M & Dobos GJEffectiveness of leech therapy in women with symptomatic rhizarthrosis of the first carpometacarpal joint: A randomized controlled trial.2008Osteoarthritis
846Munshi Y, Ara I, Rafique H & Ahmad ZLeeching in the history – a review2008History
992Rieckmann TLangzeiteffekte einer einmaligen Blutegeltherapie bei Gonarthrose2008Osteoarthritis (knee), Long-Term Effects
1015Saglam N, Dorucu M, Ozdemir Y, Seker E & Sarieyyupoglu MDistribution and economic importance of medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis (Linnaeus, 1758) in Eastern Anatolia/Turkey2008Biology
1050Schikorski D, Cuvillier-Hot V, Leippe M, Boidin-Wichlacz C, Slomianny C, Macagno E, Salzet M & Tasiemski AMicrobial challenge promotes the regenerative process of the injured central nervous system of the medicinal leech by inducing the synthesis of antimicrobial peptides in neurons and microglia2008Biology, Neurology, Immune System, Infections
1053Schlaudraff KU, Bezzola T, Montandon D, Pepper MS & Pittet BMixed arterio-venous insufficieny in random skin flaps in the rat: is the application of medicinal leeches beneficial?2008Pharmacology, Doppler Fluorimetry, Surgery
1146Stange RTherapie mit Blutegeln2008Osteoarthritis, Review Article, Therapy
1186Teut M & Warning ABlutegel, Phytotherapie und Physiotherapie bei Gonarthrose – eine geriatrische Fallstudie2008Osteoarthritis
1203Trovato MJ & Agarwal JPSuccessful Replantation of the ear as a venous flap2008Surgery
1219Vadas P, Gold M, Perelman B et al.Platelet-Activating Factor, PAF Acetylhydrolase, and Severe Anaphylaxis2008Saliva, PAF-Inhibitor, Anaphylaxis
1266Ward C, Craw L, Cherian A, Delos-Reyes M & Joseph SMedicinal leeches: Taking a bite out of venous congestion2008Surgery, Procedure
1285Westendorff M, Kalettka T & Jueg UOccurrence of leeches (Hirudinea) in different types of water bodies in northeast Germany (Brandenburg)2008Biology, Leeches
1341Zhang B, Lin Q, Lin J et al.Effects of broodstock density and diet on reproduction and juvenile culture of the leech, Hirudo mailensis Lesson 18422008Breeding, Fertility
17Aguilera-Arreola G, Hernandez-Rodriguez C, Zuniga G et al.Virulence potential and genetic diversity of Aeromonas caviae, Aeromonas veronii, and Aeromonas hydrophila clinical isolation from Mexico and Spain: a comparative study2007Aeromonas bacteria
43Anderson MDLeech Therapy Procedure2007Surgery, Leech Keeping, Procedure
133Baskova IP, Zavalova LL, Kostrjukova ES,Titova GA, Lazarev VN & Zgoda VGProteomic analysis methods for characterization of proteins from the salivary gland secretions of the medicinal leech during different seasons2007Saliva
139Bauters T, Buyle F, Verschaegen G, Vermis K, Vogelaers D, Claeys G & Robays HInfection risk related to the use of medicinal leeches2007Pharmacovigilance, Infections
149Bezzola TEfficacité de l`application de sangsues sur un modèle de lambeau cutané de type “random” chez le rat2007Pharmacology, Surgery
267De Los Mozos-Perez B, Font-Jimenez ILeeches in the intensive care unit: nursing care2007Surgery
333Figueras MJ, Aldea MJ, Fernandez N, Aspiroz C, Alperi A & Guarro JAeromonas hemolytic uremic syndrome. A case and a review of the literature2007Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas, Anticoagulation
343Flores RG, Hazen A, Galiano RD, Klapper AM & Levine JPNonextremity replantation: The management of amputations of the facial parts and testicles2007Surgery, Nose
388Gilyova OSHirudotherapy and the skin2007Dermatology, Leg Ulcer, Wound Healing
389Gilyova OS, Korobeinikova GA & Gibidullina NBExperimental studies on the healing and anti-inflammatory effects of leeching2007Anti-Inflammation, Wound Healing
503Hullett JS, Spinnato GG & Ziccardi VTreatment of an ear laceration with adjunctive leech therapy: a case report2007Surgery, Ear Replantation
553Kaehler Schweizer DBlutegelbehandlung bei schweren Hämatomen in der Hausarztpraxis2007Haematoma
557Kalbermatten DF, Rieger UM, Uike K, Erba F, Laifer G, Hintermann B & Pierer GAeromonas hydrophila-Infektion nach Therapie mit Hirudo medicinalis bei venöser Stauung nach freiem mikrovaskulären osteo-(myo-)kutanen Gewebetransfer – Empfehlungen zur erfolgreichen Therapie2007Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
572Kassin VU & Bajanov NNThe importance of leech therapy in patients with ‘malignant‘ forms of facial furuncles and carbuncles2007Dermatology, Furuncles
591Kikuchi Y & Graf JSpatial and temporal population dynamics of a natural occurring two-species microbial community inside the digestive tract of the medicinal leech2007Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
595Kim JS, Choi TH, Kim NG, Lee KS, Han KH, Son DG, Kim JH, Lee AI & Kang DThe replantation of an amputated tongue by supermicrosurgery2007Surgery, Tongue
605Knobloch K, Gohritz A, Busch K, Spies M & Vogt PMHirudo medicinalis – Anwendungen in der plastischen und rekonstruktiven Mikrochirurgie – Eine Literaturübersicht2007Review Article, Surgery, Doppler Fluorimetry, Pharmacology
802Michalsen A, Roth M & Dobos GMedicinal leech therapy2007Handbook
829MPI (MAX PLANCK INSTITUT) für Molekulare PflanzenphysiologieHintergrundinformationen zum Apyrase-Versuch. MPI 2007.2007Saliva, Apyrase
843Mumcuoglu KY, Pidhorz C, Cohen R, Ofek A & Lipton HAThe use oft he medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, in the reconstructive plastic surgery2007Surgery
877Nikonov GI, Seleznev KG, Gutsola AA et al.:The anti-stress properties of TONUS and RELAX derived from medicinal leech2007Saliva,Piyavit, Psychiatry, Cosmetics, Leech Ointment
878Nikonov GI, SeleznevKG, Titoval YA et al.Application of HIRUDON gel in plastic surgery2007Piyavit, Surgery, Dermatology, Haematoma, Anti-Inflammation, Leech Ointment
889Nowak G & Schrör KHirudin-the long and stony way from an anticoagulant peptide in the saliva of medicinal leech to a recombinant drug and beyond2007Saliva, Hirudin
898Oezbek M & Sari HMBati Karadeniz Bölgesi‚ndeki Bazi Göllerin Hirudinea (Annelida) Faubasi2007Hirudo medicinalis, Demography
908Orgill DPMedicinal leech therapy2007Surgery
911Orsini J & Sakoulas GSurgical site infection complicating leech therapy2007Surgery, Infections, Aeromonas
925Paruzel M, Jablecki J, Domanasiewicz A & Kaczmarzyk LApplication of leeches in treatment of microcirculation disturbances of replanted fingers - A preliminary report2007Surgery, Finger Replantation
1010Rudeaux NNIK, Relax and Tonus2007Psychiatry, Cosmetics
1034Savinov V, Sergeeva N, Chistova C & Chistov AThe role of hirudotherapy in the treatment of urogenital infections2007Urology
1074Seleznev KG & Nikonov GIHirudopharmacotherapy of postradiation damages in pharynx and oral cavity2007Dermatology, Hirudon Gel,
1075Seleznev KG & Schetinina YAHirudopharmacotherapy for the treatment of recurrent external otitis2007ENT, Otitis, Hirudon Gel
1076Seleznev KG, Nikonov GI & Titova YANatural liposome from Hirudo medicinalis – The active component of the “MAGIA” cosmetic cream2007Dermatology, Cosmetics
1077Seleznev KG, Semikov NG, Nikonov GI & Dubrovina IVEfficacy of “HIRUDO” gel for prevention and treatment of dermatitis occurring after radiation in patients suffering from carcinoma of the vulva2007Dermatology, Hirudon Gel
1103Shorr AF, Kwong LM & Sarnes MVenous thromboembolism after orthopaedic surgery: implications of the choice for prophylaxis2007Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Surgery, Pharamcovigilance
1105Siddall ME, Trontelj P, Utevsky SY, Nkamani M & Macdonald KSDiverse molecular data demonstrate that commercially available medicinal leeches are not Hirudo medicinalis2007Taxonomy, Hirudo medicinalis
1106Siddall ME, Worthen PL, Johnson M & Graf JNovel role for Aeromonas jandaei as a digestive tract symbiont of the North American medicinal leech2007Aeromonas Jandaei
1109Silver AC, Rabinowitz NM, Kuffer S & Graf JIdentification of Aeromonas veronii genes required for colonization of the medicinal leech, Hirudo verbana2007Aeromonas
1190Tian J, Iwasaki T & Friesen OWMuscle function in animal movement: passive mechanical properties of leech muscle2007Biology, Muscular System
1267Warketin TE, Maurer BT & Aster RHHeparin-induced thrombocytopenia associated with fondaparinux2007Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor
1295White TC, Berny MA, Robinson DK, Yin H, deGrado WF, Hanson SR & McCarty OJThe leech product saratin is a potent inhibitor of platelet integrin ?2?1 and von Willebrand factor binding to collagen2007Saliva, Calin, Saratin
1312Worthen DBHirudo medicinalis: the leech2007History, Breeding
51Ardehali B, Hand K, Nduka C, Holmes A & Wood SDelayed leech-borne infection with Aeromonas hydrophila in escharotic flap wound2006Pharmacovigilance, Infectionens
73Aurich MRechtliche Aspekte der Blutegeltherapie2006Law
74Aurich MRechtliche Entwicklungen zur Blutegeltherapie2006Law
193Büller HRNeuer oraler Faktor-Xa-Inhibitor Rivaroxaban zeigt in Phase II-Langzeitstudien vielversprechende Ergebnisse2006Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Rivaroxaban
220Chan WY, Carter LM & Wales CJLeech control: a cheap and simple method2006Surgery, Methodology
286Dippenaar R, Smith J, Goussard P & Walters EMeningococcal Purpura fulminans treated with medical leeches2006Surgery, Paediatrics, Dermatology, Purpura fulminans, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
300Durrant C, Townley WA, Ramkumar S & Khoo CTForgotten digital tourniquet: Salvage of an ischaemic finger by application of medicinal leeches2006Surgery
303Dykes IM & Macagno ERMolecular characterization and embryonic expression of innexins in the leech Hirudo medicinalis2006Biology, Nervous System
334Figueras MJ, Alperi A, Guarro J & Martinez-Murcia AJGenotyping of isolates included in the description of a novel species should be mandatory2006Aeromonas
355Friedrich HFaszination Blutegel2006Therapy, History
407Graf J, Kikuchi Y & Rio RVMLeeches and their microbiota: naturally simple symbiosis models2006Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas
419Grimaldi A, Tettamani G, Perletti G, Valvassori R & Eguileor MHematopoetic cell formation in leech wound healing2006Biology, Hematopoesis
472Heckmann JG, Dütsch M & Neundörfer BAuthor`s reply2006Neurology, Haematoma
649Kutschera UThe infamous blood suckers from Lacus verbanus2006Taxonomy, Hirudo medicinalis, Hirudo verbana
653Kutschera U & Roth MCocon deposition and cluster formation in populations of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo)2006Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Chrysalis
666Latrille J & NikonovGLeech extracts for stents2006Destabilase, Patent
672Lazarou EE, Catalano G, Catalano MC et al.The psychological effects of leech therapy after penile auto-amputation2006Surgery, Urology
716Lüdtke RWirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bestätigt – mit Einschränkungen2006Review Article
790Michalsen AWissenschaftliche Grundlagen der Blutegeltherapie..2006Review Article
795Michalsen AUnerwünschte Wirkungen der Blutegeltherapie..2006Review Article, Pharmacovigilance
797Michalsen A & Roth MBlutegeltherapie2006Handbook
1049Schenker M, Murray A & Kay SPJLeech therapy in the treatment of median nerve compression due to forearm haematoma2006Neurology, Haematoma
1059Schöneis-Vogel IBlutegel helfen Mitch und Mine2006Veterinary Medicine
1067Schwickert M & Saha JRezidivierender Herpes zoster mit neuralgischem Schmerz2006Dermatology, Shingles
1133Sommerhoff CP, Arolas JL, Reverter D, et al.Parasite-derived inhibitors of mast cell proteases: Templates for drug design2006Saliva, LDTI, Hirustasin
1163Strittmatter W, Gussow D, Hofmann U et al.Protein for blocking platelet adhesion.2006Saliva, Calin, Saratin, Patent
1313Worthen PJ, Gode CJ & Graf JCulture-independent characterization of the digestive-tract microbiota of the medicinal leech reveals a tripartite symbiosis2006Aeromonas
1321Yusuf S, Mehta SR, Chrolavicius S et al.Effects of Fondaparinux on mortality and reinfarction in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: the OASIS-6 randomized trial2006Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Fondaparinux
1334Zavalova LL, Yudina TG, Artamonova II & Baskova IPAntibacterial non-glycosidase activity of invertebrate destabilase-lysozyme and of its helical amphipathic peptides2006Saliva, Destabilase, Antibiosis
15Agnelli G, Bergqvist D, Cohen AT et al.Randomized clinical trial of postoperative Fondaparinux versus perioperative Dalteparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism in high-risk abdominal surgery2005Saliva, Factor X a Inhibitor, Anticoagulation
100Barnes CS, Frech M, Hofmann U et al.Saratin for inhibiting platelet adhesion to collagen2005Saliva, Calin, Saratin, Patent
141Beer AM, Fey S, Ciborovius & Knorr MArzneimittelexanthem in Zusammenhang mit Trimethoprim- und Sulfamethoxazol-Medikation – Blutegeltherapie als triggernder Faktor.2005Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Skin Reactions
227Cheng Shi-ping, Liu Jia-lin & Yuan JingStudy of the effect of leeching on plasma endothelin and soluble interleukin-2 receptor in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus2005Lupus erythematodes
259Dahaghin S, Bierma-Zeinstra S, Ginai AZ et al.Prevalence and pattern of radiographic hand osteoarthritis and association with pain and disability (the Rotterdam study)2005Methodology
290Domogalla BNMR-Lösungsstruktur des Proteins Saratin, strukturelle Charakterisierung der Saratin-Kollagen-Interaktion und des Carausius morosus-hyperthrehalosämischen Hormons (Cam-Hr-TH-I)2005Saliva, Saratin, Calin
319Eriksson BINeuartiger oraler Faktor Xa-Hemmer BAY 59-7939: Positive Ergebnisse der Phase II-Studie zur einmal täglichen Gabe2005Saliva, Factor Xa-Inhibitor
332Figueras MJClinical relevance of Aeromonas sM5032005Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
442Hach W, Scholz S & Hach-Wunderle VDie Therapie mit Blutegeln in der Medizin und Gefäßmedizin2005History, Biology, Vascular Medicine
473Heckmann JG, Dütsch M, Neundörfer B, Dütsch F & Hartung ULeech therapy in the treatment of median nerve compression due to forearm haematoma2005Neurology, Haematoma
486Heüveldop SBlutegeltherapie beim Pferd2005Veterinary Medicine
488Hilbring ADer medizinische Blutegel Hirudo sp.2005Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
497Horowitz SMedicinal leeches in modern medicine2005Review Article, Therapy
506Hyson JMLeech therapy: A history2005History
509Ikiczeli I, Aysarogullari L, Sözüer E, Yurumez Y & Akdur OBleeding due to a medicinal leech bite2005Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
636Kumar N, Mohindra R, Mohan B & Wander GSGastrointestinal bleed after leeching in a patient on aspirin therapy2005Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding
652Kutschera U & Roth MCannibalism in a population of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis)2005Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Leech Cannibalism
789Michalsen ABlutegel2005Review Article, Osteoarthritis
910Ormen O, Granum PE, Lassen J & Figueras MJLack of agreement between biochemical and genetic identification of Aeromonas spp.2005Aeromonas
990Ricci-Silva MEProtein mapping oft he salivary complex from a hematophageous leech2005Biology
1027Sandkamp M, Köster B & Hiller RTryptase – ein neuer Allergiemarker2005Allergy
1058Scholz NEgel gut, alles gut2005Therapy
1072Seifert KWDie Blutegeltherapie2005Therapy
1141Spahn G, Rieckmann T, Michalsen A, Lüdtke R & Dobos GJLongterm results and adverse effects of leech therapy in osteoarthritis2005Osteoarthritis
1148Steer A, Daley AJ & Curtis NSuppurative sequelae of symbiosis2005Surgery
1200Trontelj A & Utevsky SYCelebrity with a neglected taxonomy: molecular systematic of the medicinal leech (genus Hirudo)2005Hirudo medicinalis, Taxonomy
1214Utevsky SY & Trontelj PA new species of the medicinal leech (Oligochaeta, Hirudina, Hirudo) from Transcaucasia and an identification key for the genus Hirudo2005Leeches, Taxonomy
1248Wagner LBlutegel- wertvolle Helfer aus früher Zeit2005Hirudo medicinalis, Therapy, Biology
1265Wang WZ, Emes RD, Christoffers K et al.Hirudo medicinalis: A platform for investigating genes in neural repair2005Hirudo medicinalis, Genomics
1289Whitaker IS, Cheung CK, Chahal CA, Karoo RQ, Gulati A & Foo ITBy what mechanism do leeches help to salvage ischaemic tissues? A review2005Surgery, Review Article
1315Yanes O, Villanueva J, Querol E & Aviles FXFunctional screening of serine protease inhibitors in the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis monitored by intensity fading MALDI-TOF MS2005Saliva, Protease, Protease-Inhibitor, Eglin, Trypsin
1345Zweimüller CWirkung von direkten und indirekten Thrombozyteninhibitoren auf die Thrombozytenfunktion bei Patienten mit arterieller Verschlusskrankheit2005Anticoagulation, Thrombosis
79Aydin A, Nazik H, Kuvat SV et al.External decontamination of wild leeches with hypochloric acid2004Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas, Bacteria, Decontamination
131Baskova IP, Zavalova LL, Basanova AV, Moshkovskyi SA & Zgoda VGProtein profiling of the medicinal leech salivary gland secretion by proteomic analytical methods2004Saliva
194Büller HR, Davidson BL, Decousus H et al.Fondaparinux or enoxaparin for the initial treatment of symptomatic deep venous thrombosis: a randomized trial2004Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Fondaparinux, Thrombolysis
210Canpolat I & Saglam NTreatment of oral hematomas in dogs with the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis2004Veterinary Medicine, Pharmacology, Haematoma, Dog
211Canpolat I & Saglam NTreatment of a diffuse hematoma in a dog with the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis2004Veterinary Medicine, Haematoma, Dog
298Duroure F, Simon E, Fadhul S, Fyad JP, Chassagne JF & Stricker MMicrosurgical lip replantation: Evaluation of functional and aesthetic results of three cases2004Surgery, Lip Replantation
360Frodel JL, Barth P & Wagner JSalvage of partial facial soft tissue avulsions with medicinal leeches2004Surgery
372Germann PBlutegeltherapie2004Therapy, History
384Gideroglu K, Yildirim S, Akan M et al.Successful results with the use of a new reconstruction material for soft tissue defects of the lower extremity: neurocutaneous flaps2004Surgery
392Glade MMedicinal leeches to relieve severe venous congestion following tissue replantation or free-flap tissue grafting2004Surgery
411Granzow JW, Armstrong MB & Panthaki ZJA simple method for the control of medicinal leeches2004Surgery, Methodology
648Kutschera USpecies concepts: leeches versus bacteria2004Taxonomy, Hirudo medicinalis, Infections
729Malavazi-Piza KC, Araujo MS, Godinho RO & Tanaka ASEffect of invertebrate serine protease inhibitors on carrageenan-induced pleural and Bradykinin release2004Saliva, LDTI, Anti-Inflammation
807Mineo M, Jolley T & Rodriguez GLeech therapy in penile replantation: a case of recurrent penile self-amputation2004Surgery, Urology
916Ouderkirk JP, Bekhor D, Turett GS & Murali RAeromonas meningitis complicating medicinal leech therapy2004Surgery, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila, Pharmacovigilance
939Pfeiffer I, Brenig B & Kutschera UThe occurrence of an Australian leech species (genus Helobdella) in German freshwater habitats as revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences2004Leeches, Helobdella, Demography
945Pilcher HMedicinal leeches: Stuck on you2004Biology, Leeches
961Przybilla B & Rueff FTryptase-Bestimmung bei Typ-I-Allergie.2004Dermatology, Allergy, Methodology
966Rados CBeyond blood letting: FDA gives leeches a medical makeover2004Market Approval
1131Soler L, Yanez MA, Chacon MR et al.Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Aeromonas based on two housekeeping genes2004Aeromonas
1164Strittmatter W, Gussow D, Hofmann U et al.Protein for blocking platelet adhesion2004Saliva, Calin, Saratin, Patent
1177Tan O, Atik B & Koscoglu BAn easy and safe method to apply leeches on flaps: The leech cage2004Surgery
1202Trontelj P, Scotler M & Verovnk RGenetic differentiation between two species of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis and the neglected H. verbana, based on random-amplified polymorphic DNA2004Hirudo medicinalis, Taxonomy
1205Tuncali D, Terzioglu A, Cigsar B & Aslan GThe value of medicinal leeches in the treatment of class IIc ring avulsion injuries; a report of 2 cases2004Surgery
1234Vilahur G, Duran X, Juan-Babot O et al.Antithrombotic effects of saratin on human atherosclerotic plaques2004Saliva, Calin, Saratin
1253Walenga JM, Jeske WP, Hoppensteadt D & Fareed JFactor X a inhibitors2004Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor
1290Whitaker IS, Izadi D, Oliver DW, Monteath G & Butler PEHirudo medicinalis and the plastic surgeon2004Surgery, Therapy
1294Whitaker IS, Rao J, Izadi D & Butler PEHistorical article: Hirudo medicinalis: ancient origins of, and trends in the use of medicinal leeches throughout history2004Surgery, Review Article, History
1309Wittke-Michalsen EDie Blutegeltherapie und ihre Wirkung auf Schmerzen bei Kniegelenksarthrose2004Osteoarthritis
1329Zavalova LL, Baskova IP, Barsova EV, Snezhkov EV, Akopov SB & Lopatin SARecombinant destabilase-lysozyme: Synthesis de novo in E.coli and action mechanism of the enzyme expressed in Spodoptera frugiperda2004Saliva, Recombinant Destabilase
6Abduvaliev AALeech therapy of patients with reactive arthritis2003Osteoarthritis, Bdellotomy
78Avci G, Akan M, Yildirim S & Aköz TDigital neurovascular compression due to a forgotten tourniquet2003Pharmacovigilance, Surgery
181Braschler TR, Merino S, Tomas JM & Graf JComplement resistance is essential for colonization of the digestive tract of Hirudo medicinalis by Aeromonas strains2003Biology, Digestive System, Aeromonas hydrophila
219Chalisova NI, Pennijajnen VP, Baskova IP et al.The neurite-stimulating activity of components of the salivary gland secretion of the medicinal leech in cultures of sensory neurons2003Saliva, Destabilase, Bdellins, Neurones, Neurology
307El-Awady AMaggots and leeches make a comeback2003Review Article
383Gideroglu K, Yildirim S, Akan M & Akoz TImmediate use of medicinal leeches to salvage venous congested reverse pedicled neurocutaneous flaps2003Surgery
426Grumbine NA & Nicholas AFeature: Reviving an ancient therapy to manage2003Review Article, History
439Haberhauser NLieber Blutegel oder Katharidenpflaster als eine Operation2003Therapy
459Hartig GK, Connor NP, Heisey DM & Conforti MLComparing a mechanical device with medicinal leeches for treating venous congestion2003Surgery, Pharmacology, Mechanical Leech
460Hartig GK, Connor NP, Warner TF, Heisey DM, Sarmadi M & Conforti MLTesting a device to replace the leech for treating venous congestion2003Pharmacology, Surgery, Mechanical Leech
493Hochberg MCMultidisciplinary integrative approach to treating knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis2003Osteoarthritis
498Hosnuter M, Demircan N, Uenalacak M et al.An alternative treatment method rediscovered by modern medicine: Hirudotherapy2003History
531Jauker F & Clauss WBlutsauger in der Forschung2003Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
793Michalsen ASummaries for patients. Leeches to treat knee osteoarthritis2003Review Article, Osteoarthritis
799Michalsen A, Klotz S, Lüdtke R, Moebus S, Spahn G & Dobos GJEffectiveness of leech therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized controlled trial2003Osteoarthritis
850Na HJThe effects of live leech (Hirudo medicinalis) therapy on diabetic foot: A clinical case report2003Wound Healing, Diabetic Foot
935Petrauskiene LWater and sediment toxicity assessed by the use of behavioural response of medicinal leeches2003Biology, Leeches
940Philip J, Armitage DW, Philipps KR & Parr NJLeech therapy for penoscrotal oedema in patients with hormone-refractory prostate carcinoma2003Urology, Oedema
1127So AK, Varisco PA, Kemkes-Matthes B et al.:.Arthritis is linked to local and systemic activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis pathways2003Osteoarthritis, Anicoagulation
1130Soler L, Marco F, Vila J, Chacon MR et al.Evaluation of two miniaturized systems, MicroScan W/A and BBL Crystal E/NF, for identification of clinical isolates of Aeromonas spp.2003Aeromonas
1328Zavalova LL, Baskova IP & Basanova AVProposed mechanisms of thrombolytic action of the medicinal leech saliva2003Saliva, Destabilase, D-Dimers
28Alban SDer Thrombosegefahr vorbeugen.2002Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Anticoagulation
105Basanova AC, Baskova IP & Zavalova LLVascular-platelet and plasma hemostasis regulators from bloodsucking animals2002Saliva
140Beer AMBlutegeltherapie: von der charismatischen Volksmedizin zur Evidence Based Medicine2002Review Article, Therapy
160Blaise S, LeBrun V, Sparsa A, Debrous JL & Bonnetblanc JMContact dermatitis with Hirudo medicinalis2002Pharmacovigilance, Dermatitis, Eczema, Dermatology, HiruCrème, Leech Ointment
228Chepeha DB, Nussenbaum B, Bradford CR, Teknos TNLeech therapy for patients with surgically unsalvageable venous obstruction after revascularized free tissue transfer2002Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
244Conforti ML, Connor NP, Heisey DM & Hartig GKEvaluation of performance characteristics of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) for the treatment of venous congestion2002Pharmacology, Surgery, Doppler Fluorimetry
246Connor NP, Conforti ML, Heisey DM, Vanderby R, Kunz D & Hartig GKAugmented blood removal after medical leech feeding in congested tissue flaps2002Surgery, Secondary Haemorrhage, Mechanical Leech
252Crisp KM, Klukas KA, Gilchrist LS et al.Distribution and development of dopamine- and octodopamine-synthesizing neurons in the medicinal leech2002Biology
306Eguileor M, Tettamanti G, Grimaldi A, Congiu T, Ferrarese R, Perletti G, Valvassori R, Cooper EL & Lanzavecchia GLeeches: Immune response, angiogenesis and biomedical applications2002Biology
317Erbacher UVenenerkrankungen. Blutegeltherapie2002Varicosis, Venous Diseases
405Graf JThe effect of symbionts on the physiology of Hirudo medicinalis, the medicinal leech2002Hirudo medicinalis, Aeromonas, Infections
437Guven H & Akbas HThe use of leeches in the management of a ring avulsion injury2002Surgery, Finger Replantation
495Hokelek M, Güneren E & Eroglu CAn experimental study to sterilize medicinal leeches2002Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Decontamination
508Icke, CPharmakologische Untersuchungen von Fusionsproteinen mit gerinnungshemmenden und profibrinolytischen Eigenschaften2002Pharmacology, Anticoagulation, Fibrinolysis
676Lehmberg JMDie Mediatorfunktion von Bradykinin und Platelet Activating Factor bei der globalen zerebralen Ischämie2002Saliva, PAF-Inhibitor
693Lindner RLebende Apotheke2002Review Article, Therapy
722MacQuillan A, Jones ME & Gault DTaking a leech to blood: But can we make him drink?2002Surgery
782Merilä J & Sterner MMedicinal leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) attacking and killing adult amphibians2002Biology, Leeches
801Michalsen A, Moebus S, Spahn G, Esch T, Langhorst J & Dobos GJLeech therapy for symptomatic treatment of knee osteoarthritis: results and implications of a pilot study2002Osteoarthritis
823Moser C & Moser KSo hilft Ihnen die Blutegeltherapie2002Review Article
837Müller IWBlutegeltherapie zwischen Empirie und Wissenschaft2002Review Article, Therapy, History
847Murken HDer Blutegel (Hirudo medicinalis) als Helfer des kranken Menschen2002Therapy
1006Roth MBiologie der Blutegel und ihre therapeutische Wirksamkeit2002Biology, Leeches, Therapy
1022Salikhov IG, Lapshina SA, Salikhova DI, Mukhina RG, Khabirov RA, Abdrakipov RZ & Latfullina FHEffect of leeches therapy in periarticular symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis2002Osteoarthritis, Rheumatism
1024Salzet MLeech thrombin inhibitors2002Review Article, Saliva, Anticoagulation
1033Sartor C, Limouzin-Perotti F, Legre R, Casanova D, Bongrand MC, Sambruc R & Drancourt MNosocomial infections with Aeromonas hydrophila from leeches2002Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
1046Schaible HG, Ebersberger A & von Banchet GSMechanisms of pain in arthritis2002Osteoarthritis
1254Walenga JM, Jeske WP, Samama MM, Frapaise FX, Bick RL & Fareed JFondaparinux: a synthetic heparin pentasaccharide as a new antithrombotic agent2002Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor
1327Zavalova LL, Basanova AV & Baskova IPFibrinogen-fibrin system regulators from bloodsuckers2002Saliva, Hirudin, Destabilase, Faktor XIII a-Inhibitor, Anticoagulation
22Akyürek M, Safak T & Kecik AMicrosurgical ear replantation without venous repair: failure of development of venous channels despite patency of arterial anastomosis for 14 days2001Surgery
101Barnes CS, Krafft B, Frech M, Hofmann UR, Papendieck A, Dahlems U, Gellissen G & Hoylarts MFProduction and characterization of Saratin, an inhibitor of von Willebrand factor-dependent platelet adhesion to collagen.2001Saliva, Calin, Saratin
109Baskova IP & Zavalova LLProteinase inhibitors from the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis2001Saliva
130Baskova IP, Zavalova LL, Basanova AV & Sass AVSeparation of monomerizing and lysozyme activities of destabilase from the medicinal leech salivary gland secretion2001Saliva, Destabilase, Thrombolysis
142Beer AM, Fey S, Kuhnen C & Mentzel TKutane Arthropodenreaktion nach Blutegeltherapie2001Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Skin Reactions, Arthropode Reaction
192Bugnazet L, Pons JM & Karchen JLes sangsues en pratique hospitalière2001Review Article, Surgery
200Bürgy JSind die Würmer satt, ist die Arthrose weg2001Osteoarthritis
205Byrne PJ & Bernstein PEThe use of medicinal leeches to treat macroglossia secondary to blunt trauma2001Haematoma
217Chalisova NI, Baskova IP, Zavalova LL, Pennijainen VANeurite-stimulating effect of Hirudo medicinalis salivary gland secreting factors in organotypic culture of the dorsal root ganglia2001Saliva, Destabilase, Bdellins, Neurones
218Chalisova NI, Pennijajnen VP & Baskova IPNeurite-stimulating activity of secretions from the Hirudo medicinalis salivary gland in cultured sensory neurons2001Saliva, Neurones
236Clark NM, Femino JE & Chenoweth CEAeromonas infection after medicinal leech therapy: case reports and review of the literature2001Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas
254Cruz CP, Eidt J, Drouilhet J et al.Saratin, an inhibitor of von Willebrand factor-dependent platelet adhesion, decreases platelet aggregation and intimal hyperplasia in a rat carotid endarterectomy model.2001Saliva, Calin, Saratin
273Deka PM & Rajeev TPUnusual cause of hematuria2001Pharmacovigilance, Leeches
274Demirsoy A, Kasparek M & Akbulut APhenology of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, in north-western Turkey2001Hirudo medicinalis, Demography, Phänology
320Eroglu C, Hokelek M, Guneren E et al.Bacterial flow of Hirudo medicinalis and their antibiotic sensitivities in the Middle Black Sea Region, Turkey2001Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
347Fort CWLeech therapy: Current uses for an old treatment2001Review Aricle, History, Therapy
699Litscher MDie Blutegeltherapie. Eine wiederentdeckte Therapie aus der traditionellen Medizin2001History
771Marty I, Peclat V, Kirdaite G, Salvi R, So A & Busso BAmelioration of collagen-induced arthritis by thrombin inhibition2001Osteoarthritis, Hirudin, Pharmacology
774McClintock JWhen modern medicine needs some help, surgeons call in mother nature‘s little helper-the leech2001Review Article
798Michalsen A, Deuse U, Esch T,Dobos G & Moebus SEffect of leeches therapy (Hirudo medicinalis) in painful osteoarthritis of the knee: a pilot study2001Osteoarthritis
867Nett CS, Arnold P & Claus TMLeeching as initial treatment in a cat with polycythaemia vera2001Veterinary Medicine, Polycythaemia vera
1023Salzet MAnticoagulants and inhibitors of platelet aggregation derived from leeches2001Review Article, Saliva, Anticoagulation
1047Schaller AVom Aderlassen, Schröpfen und Blutegel setzen2001Therapy
1175Talbi M, Stussi JD & Meley MMicrosurgical replantation of a totally amputated ear without venous repair2001Surgery
1207Tushmalova NA, Pragina LL, Baskova IP et al.Positive effect of Piyavit on formation and retention of the passive avoidance conditional reaction in rats2001Piyavit, Pharmacology, Leech Ointment
132Baskova IP, Zavalova LL, Berezhnoy S & Gabbasov ZAInhibition of induced and spontaneous platelet aggregation by destabilase from medicinal leech2000Saliva, Destabilase, Thrombolysis
234Chun JK, Sterry P, Margoles SL & Silver LSalvage of ear replantation using the temporoparietal fascial flap2000Surgery
315Erba F, Fiorucci L, Sommerhoff CP et al.Kinetic and thermodynamic analysis of leech-derived tryptase inhibitor interaction with bovine tryptase and bovine trypsin2000Saliva, LDTI
328Felix R & van de Velde GVoelt de medicinal bloedzuiger Hirudo medicinalis zich wel zo lekker in Nederland (Hiruinea)?2000Biology
331Figueras MJUse of restriction fragment length polymorphism of the PCR-amplified 16S rRNA gene for the identification of Aeromonas spp.2000Aeromonas
404Graf JSymbiosis of Aeromonas and Hirudo medicinalis the medicinal leech2000Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Infections
432Güneren E, Erolu I, Akba H, Uysal OA, Hokelek M & Erolu CThe use of Hirudo medicinalis in nipple-areolar congestion2000Surgery
511Indergand S & Graf JIngested blood contributes to the specifity of the symbiosis of Aeromonas Veronii Biovar Sobria and Hirudo medicinalis2000Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
516Irish JC, Gullane PJ, Mulholland S & Neligan PCMedicinal leech in head and neck reconstruction2000Surgery
571Kasparek M, Demirsoy A, Akbulut A et al.Distribution and status of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis L.) in Turkey2000Hirudo medicinalis, Demography
822Mory RN, Mindell D & Bloom DAThe leech and the physician: Biology, etymology, and medical practice with Hirudo medicinalis2000Review Article, History, Biology, Therapy
836Müller IWHandbuch der Blutegeltherapie2000Handbook
906Orevi M, Eldor A, Giguzin I & Rigbi MJaw anatomy of the blood-sucking leeches, Hirudinea Linnatis nilotica and Hirudo medicinalis, and its relationship to their feeding habits2000Biology, Leeches
931Pendleton A, Arden N, Dougados M et al.EULAR recommendations for the management of knee osteoarthritis : report of a task force of the Standing Committe for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutic Trials (ESCSIT)2000Osteoarthrosis, Methodology
1088Shamsaddini S & Dabiri SBasal cell carcinoma on nickel dermatitis after leech applying2000Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Dermatitis
1121Smolle J, Cerroni L & Kerl HMultiple pseudolymphoma caused by Hirudo medicinalis2000Pharmacovigilance, Pseudolymphoma, Varicosis, Oedema, Dermatology
1157Storck UBlutegel, Lebende Medikamente2000Review Article, Rheumatism, Osteoarthritis, Dermatology
1226Varisco PA, Peclat V, van Ness K et al.Effect of thrombin inhibition on synovial inflammation in antigen induced arthritis2000Osteoarthritis, Anti-Inflammation, Anticoagulation, Hirudin, Pharmacology
1233Vigani A, Schnoke A & Pozzi AMaggot debridement and leech therapy of a partial digital amputation injury in a dog2000Veterinary Medicine
1273Weinfeld AB, Yuksel E, Boutros S, Gura D, Akyurek M & Friedman JDClinical and scientific considerations in leech therapy for the management of acute venous congestion. An updated review2000Surgery, Review Article
1330Zavalova LL, Baskova IP, Lukyanov SA, Sass AV, Snezhkov EV, Akopov SB, Artamonova II, Archipova VS, Nesmeyanov VA, Kozlov DG,, Benevolensky SV, Kiseleva VI, Poverenny AM & Sverdlov EDDestabilase from the medicinal leech is a representative of a novel family of lysozymes2000Saliva, Destabilase
129Baskova IP, Zavalova LL, Basanova AV & Grigoreva OVDestabilase from the medicinal leech: the hydrolysis of isopeptide bonds in d-dimer, a fragment of stabilized fibrin1999Saliva, Destabilase, Thrombolysis, D-Dimer
230Cho BH, Ahn HBMicrosurgical replantation of a partial ear, with leech therapy1999Surgery
251Cottler PS, Gampper TJ, Rodeheaver GT & Skalak TCEvaluation of clinically applicable exsanguination treatments to alleviate venous congestion in an animal skin flap model1999Surgery, Pharmacology, Mechanical Leech, Doppler Fluorimetry
329Fenollar F, Fournier PE & Legre RUnusual case of Aeromonas sobria cellulitis associated with the use of leeches1999Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
354Friedman J, Fabre J, Netscher D & Jaksic TTreatment of acute neonatal vascular injuries – the utility of multiple interventions1999Surgery, Paediatrics
402Graf JDiverse restriction fragment length polymorphism patterns oft he PCR-amplified 16S rRNA genes in Aeromonas veronii strains and possible misidentification of Aeromas species1999Aeromonas
441Hach W & Hach-Wunderle VMedizinhistorische Betrachtungen über die Erforschung der Venenthrombose bis zum Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts1999History, Thrombosis
496Hong SJ, Sawyer R & Kang KW:Prolonged bleeding from the bite of the asian medicinal leech hirudo nipponica1999Pharmacovigilance
500Hovingh P & Linker AHyaluronidase activity in leeches (Hirudinea)1999Saliva, Hyaluronidasis
619Kornreich L & Kleinhaus ALPostingestive chemosensation and feeding by leeches1999Biology, Breeding, Artificial Blood
713Lozano DD, Stephenson LL & Zamboni WAEffect of hyperbaric oxygend and medical leeching on survival of axial skin flaps subjected to total venous occlusion1999Surgery, Pharmacology, Doppler Fluorimetry
720Mackay DR, Manders EK, Saggers CC, Banducci CR, Prinsloo J & Klugmann KAeromonas species isolated from medicinal leeches1999Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
865Nesemann HAnnelida; Brachiobdellina; Acanthobdellea, Hirudinea1999Taxonomy, Hirudo medicinalis
876Nikonov GI & Titova EADestabilase complexes – natural liposome produced by medicinal leeches Hirudo medicinalis1999Saliva, Destabilase
879Nikonov GI, Titova EA & Seleznev KGBiological activity and pharmacological properties of anticoagulant complex (Hirudin, plasma kallikrein inhibitor, prostaglandin) from Hirudo medicinalis1999Saliva, Piyavit, Leech Ointment, Anticoagulation, Pharmacology
880Nikonov GI, Titova EA & Seleznev KGBiological activity and pharmacological properties of anticoagulant complex (Hirudin, plasma kallikrein inhibitor, prostaglandin) from Hirudo medicinalis1999Saliva, Hirudon, Hirudin, Prostaglandins Anticoagulation
881Nikonov GI, Titova EA & Seleznev KGA stable prostacylin-like substance produced by the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis1999Saliva, Proteins, Prostaglandins
915Otto A, Schoeller T, Wechselberger G & Ohler KSuccessful ear replantation without venous anamastosis by using leeches1999Surgery
985Rester U, Bode W, Moser M et al.Structure of the complex of the antistasin-type inhibitor bdellostasin with trypsin and modeling of the bdellostasin-microplasmin system1999Saliva, Bdellins
1005Roth MMangelware Blutegel1999Hirudo medicinalis, Demography
1042Sawyer RTThe trade in medicinal leeches in the Southern Indian ocean in the nineteenth century1999History
1098Shenfeld OZSuccessful use of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) for the treatment of venous insufficiency in a replanted digit1999Surgery
1178Tanaka AS, Silva MM, Torquato RJS et al.:Functional phage display of leech-derived tryptase inhibitor (LDTI) : construction of a library and selection of thrombin inhibitors1999Saliva, LDTI
1212Uson I, Sheldrick GM, de la Fortelle et al.The 1.2 A crystal structure of Hirustasin reveals the intrinsic flexibility of a family of highly disulphide-bridged inhibitors1999Saliva, Hirustasin
1238Voge C & Lehnherr SMLeeches1999Review Article
99Bapat RD, Acharya BS, Juvekar S & Dahanukar SALeech therapy for complicated varicose veins1998Varicosis, Ulcer, Wound Healing
243Concannon MJ & Puckett CLMicrosurgical replantation of an ear in a child without venous repair1998Surgery
356Friedrich T, Kröger B, Koerwer WAn isopeptide bond splitting enzyme Hirudo medicinalis similar to ?-glutamyl transpeptidase1998Saliva, Destabilase
425Grossman MD & Karlovitz ALingual trauma: The use of medicinal leeches in the treatment of massive lingual hematoma1998Haematoma, Dentistry, Implant
528Janda JM & Abbott SLEvolving concepts regarding the genus Aeromonas: an expanding panorama of species, disease presentations, and unanswered questions.1998Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
758Markwardt F Hirudo1998Saliva, Hirudin
769Martin ETZur Geschichte des Hirudins – Die Entwicklung des blutgerinnungshemmenden Wirkstoffes des medizinischen Blutegels, Hirudo medicinalis, vom einfachen Blutegelextrakt 1884 bis zum gentechnisch produzierten Medikament1998History, Hirudin
808Minkin BILeeches in modern medicine1998Surgery
810Misell LH, Shaw BK & Kristan WBBehavioral hierarchy in the medicinal leech; Hirudo medicinalis: feeding as a dominant behavior1998Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Breeding, Artificial Blood
821Mortenson BW, Dawson KH & Murakami CMedicinal leeches used to salvage a traumatic nasal flap1998Surgery
824Moser M, Auerswald E, Mentele R, Echershorn C, Fritz H & Fink EBdellastasin, a serine protease inhibitor of the antistasin family from the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis)1998Protease-Inhibitor, Bdellins, Bdellastasin,Bdellin A recombinant
856Nath RK, Kraemer BA & Azizzadeh AComplete ear replantation without venous anastomosis1998Surgery, Alternative to leeches
859Nazar PS & Doroshenko BHThe leech therapy of infectious myocarditis1998Cardio-Vascular System
932Pereira JA, Greig JR, Liddy H et al.:Leech-borne Serratia marcescens infection following complex hand injury1998Surgery, Infections, Serratia marcescens
958Prentis TCaring for a patient having leech therapy1998Therapy
959Prentis TNursing care in leech therapy1998Therapy
963Pukovnik PBlutegel-Therapie-Den Körper entgiften1998Handbook
987Reverter D, Vendrell J, Canals F et al.A carboxypeptidase inhibitor from the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. Isolation, sequence analysis, cDNA cloning, recombinant expression, and characterization1998Saliva, Eglin
1083Shah SWhy leeches influence my physical examination1998Therapy, Demography
1217Utley DS, Koch RJ & Goode RLThe failing flap in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery: role of the medicinal leech1998Surgery
1260Walton RL, Beahm EK, Brown RE, Upton J, Reinke K, Fudem G, Banis J, Davidson J, Dabb R, Kalimuthu R, Kitzmiller WJ, Gottlieb LJ & Buncke HJMicrosurgical replantation of the lip: a multi-institutional experience1998Surgery, Review Article
1272Weinfeld AB, Kattash M, Grifka R & Friedman JLeech therapy in the management of acute venous congestion of an infant‘s lower limb1998Surgery
35Altmann C, Naber C & Haude MDirekte Thrombinantagonisten; Eine Alternative zur Antikoagulation mit Heparin?1997Hirudin, Anticoagulation
52Artüz MLThe preliminary biological work of catching areas of leeches (Hirudo medicinalis) in Turkey1997Biology, Leeches
119Baskova IP, Korostelev AN, Chirkova LD, Zavalova LL, Basanova AV & Doutremepuich CPiyavit from the medicinal leech is a new orally active anticoagulating and antithrombotic drug1997Saliva, Piyavit, Thrombolysis, Anticoagulation, Anti-Inflammation
255Csoka TB, Frost G, Stern RHyaluronidase in tissue invasion1997Saliva, Hyaluronidase
257Daane S, Zamora S & Rockwell WBClinical use of leeches in reconstructive surgery1997Surgery
285DiMarco S, Fendrich G & Knecht RRecombinant Hirustasin: production in yeast, crystallization, and interaction with serine proteases1997Saliva, Hirustasin
338Finney S, Seale L, Sawyer RT & Wallis RBTrigedin, a new peptidic inhibitor of the factor XIII ä, from the blood-sucking Haementeria ghilianii1997Haementeria ghilianii, Saliva, Anticoagulation
395Godfrey KUse of leeches and leech saliva in clinical practice1997Review Article, Therapy
396Goessl C, Steffen-Wilcke K & Miller KLeech therapy for massive scrotal haematoma following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty1997Surgery, Urology, Haematoma
443Hach-Wunderle VHirudin in der Gefäßchirurgie1997Hirudin, Surgery
597Kind GM, Buncke GM, Placik OJ, Jansen DA, D`Amore T & Buncke HJTotal ear replantation1997Surgery
746Marco SD, Fendrich G, Knecht R et al.Recombinant hirustasin: Production in yeast, crystallization, and interaction with serine protease1997Hirustasin recombinant
812Mittl PRE, Di Marco S, Fendrich G, et al.A new structural class of serine protease inhibitors revealed by the structure of the hirustasin-kallikrein complex1997Saliva, Hirustasin
866Nesemann HEgel und Krebsegel Österreichs1997Biology
872Nguyen S, Zamora S & Rockwell WBClinical use of leeches in reconstructive surgery1997Surgery, Review Article
884Nolte ATherapie mit Blutegeln1997Therapy
921Pantuck AJLetter to the editor1997Surgery, Urology, Haematoma
1002Roth MEin Tier heilt Tiere. Der medizinische Blutegel1997Veterinary Medicine
1007Roth M, Jauker F & Morkel CEin großer Räuber in weicher Verpackung. Der medizinische Blutegel1997Hirudo medicinalis
1166Stubbs MT, Morenweiser R, Stürzebecher J et al.The three-dimensional structure of recombinant leech-derived tryptase inhibitor in complex with trypsin1997Saliva, LDTI
1305Wingerden JJ & Oosthuizen JHUse of the local leech Hirudo michaelseni in reconstructive plastic and hand surgery1997Surgery, Hirudo michaelseni
29Alban SDamit das Blut besser fließt1996Saliva, Anticoagulation
222Chao J & Chao LFunctional analysis of human tissue Kallikrein in transgenic mouse models1996Saliva, Hirustasin
265Davies RW, McLoughlin NJThe effects of feeding regime on the growth and reproduction of the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis)1996Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Breeding
268DeChalain TMBExploring the use of the medicinal leech: a clinical benefit-risk analysis.1996Surgery, Review Article
308Eldor A, Orevi M & Rigbi MThe role of the leech in medical therapeutics1996Review Article, Saliva, Hirudin, Calin, Destabilase, Hirustasin, Factor X a-Inhibitor, Apyrase, PAF-Inhibitor, Adrenalin, Phlebitis, Lower Leg Ulcer
352Fradkov A, Berzhnoy S, Barsova E et al.Enzyme from the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) that specifically splits endo-epsilon(-gamma-Glu)-Lys isopeptide bonds: cDNA cloning and protein primary structure1996Saliva, Destabilase
365Funk GF, Bauman NM, Rinehart RJ & Mankarious LAMicrovascular replantation of a traumatically amputated ear1996Surgery
674Lee NJ & Peckitt NSTreatment of sublingual hematoma with medicinal leeches: report of a case1996Haematoma
805Milde H, Clauss W & Weber WMModulation of Na+ transport across leech skin by pesticides and heavy metals1996Biology
809Mironov B & Desponov BTreatment of myocardial infarct by leeches1996Cardio-Vascular System
885Nonomura H, Kato N, Ohno Y, Itokazu M, Matsunaga T & Watanabe KIndigenous bacterial flora of medicinal leeches and their susceptibilities to 15 antimicrobial agents1996Pharmacovigilance, Infections
922Pantuck AJ, Lobis MR, Ciocca R & Weiss REPenile replantation using the leech Hirudo medicinalis1996Surgery, Urology
947Pohlig G, Fendrich G, Knecht R et al.Purification, characterization and biological evaluation of recombinant leech-derived Tryptase inhbitor (rLDTI) expressed at high level in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae1996Saliva, LDTI
996Rigbi M, Orevi M & Eldor APlatelet aggregation and coagulation inhibitors in leech saliva and their roles in leech therapy1996Saliva, PAF-Inhibitor, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Adrenalin
1225Varghese MR, Farr RW, Wax, MK, Brett JC & Owens RMVibrio fluvialis wound infection associated with medicinal leech therapy1996Surgery, Infections, Vibrio fluvialis
1332Zavalova LL, Lukyanov SA, Baskova IP, Snezhkov EV, Akopov SB, Berezhnoy S, Bogdanova E, Barsova E & Sverdlov EDGenes from the medicinal leech (hirudo medicinalis) coding for unusual enzymes that specifically cleave endo-epsilon (gamma-Glu)-Lys isopeptide bonds and help to dissolve blood clots1996Saliva, Destabilase, Anticoagulation
10Adams JF, Lassen LFLeech therapy for venous congestion following myocutaneous pectoralis flap reconstruction1995Surgery
56Ascenzi P, Amiconi G, Bode W et al.Proteinase inhibitors from the European medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis: structural, functional and biomedical aspects1995Saliva, Eglin
59Aschner B & Müller IWTechnik der Blutegelanwendung1995Therapy
112Baskova IP, Aguejouf OM, Azoughag- Oualane F, Zavalova LL, Basanova AV & Doutremepuich CArterial antithrombotic effect of piyavit, the novel pharmacological preparation from the medicinal leech, and of its components, prostanoids, and enzyme destabilase1995Saliva, Piyavit, Destabilase Anticoagulation, Thrombolysis
146Benecke MEinfache Darstellung des Nervensystems und weiterer Strukturen junger Blutegel1995Biology
269DeChalain TMB Cohen SR, Burstein FDSuccessful use of leeches in the treatment of purpura fulminans1995Purpura fulminans, Dermatology
270DeChalain TMB, Jones GReplantation of the avulsed pinna: 100 percent survival with a single arterial anastomosis and substitution of leeches for a venous anastomosis1995Surgery
271Deckmyn H, Stassen JM, Vreys I et al.Calin from Hirudo medicinalis, an inhibitor of platelet adhesion to collagen, prevents platelet-rich thrombosis in hamsters1995Saliva, Calin, Saratin, Pharmacology
364Fuchs J & Cannon CPHirulog in the treatment of unstable angina. Results of the Thrombin Inhibition in Myocardial Ischemia (TIMI)1995Hirulog, Anticoagulation, Leech Ointment, Angina Pectoris
397Golden MA, Quinn JJ & Partington MTLeech therapy in digital replantation1995Surgery
410Graham CELeeches1995Therapy
458Harsfalvi J, Stassen JM, Hoylaerts MF et al.Calin from Hirudo medicinalis, an inhibitor of von Willebrand factor binding to collagen under static and flow conditions1995Saliva, Calin
469Haycox CL, Odland PB, Coltrera MD & Raugi GJIndications and complications of medicinal leech therapy1995Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
507Iafolla AKMedicinal leeches in the postoperative care of bladder exstrophy1995Surgery, Urology, Paediatrics
559Kameneva MV, Parfenov AS, Chirkova LD & Baskova IPPiyavit – a complex preparation from the medicinal leech improves blood rheology and decreases platelet aggregation.1995Saliva, Piyavit, Leech Ointment
819Morkel CUntersuchung einer Blutegelzuchtanlage unter besonderer Berücksichtigung ökologischer Aspekte sowie der Populationsbiologie des medizinischen Blutegels Hirudo medicinalis1995Biology
882Nitabach MN & Macagno ERCell- and tissue-specific expression of putative protein kinase mRNAs in the embryonic leech Hirudo medicinalis1995Biology, Proteins
998Rivera ML & Gross JEScalp replantation after traumatic injury1995Surgery
1095Shaw BK & Kristan WBThe whole-body shortening reflex of the medicinal leech: motor pattern, sensory basis, and interneuronal pathways1995Biology, Nervous System
1120Smeets IMG & Engelberts IThe use of leeches in a case of post-operative life-threatening macroglossia1995Surgery, Haematoma
1124Smoot EC, Ruiz-Inchaustegui JA & Roth ACMechanical leech therapy to relieve venous congestion1995Surgery, Methodology, Pharmacology
1298Wildenrath CDas Comeback des Blutegels. Rekombinantes Hirudin in der Anti-Thrombose-Therapie1995Review Article, Therapy, Recombinant Hirudin
71Auerswald EA, Morenweiser R, Sommerhoff CP et al.Recombinant leech-derived tryptase inhibitor: construction, production, protein chemical characterization and inhibition of HIV-1 replication1994Saliva, LDTI
157Bickel KD, Lineaweaver WC, Follansbee S et al.Intestinal flora of the medicinal leech Hirudinaria manillensis1994Hirudo manillensis, Infections
185Bromley HJThe freshwater leeches annelida hirudinea of Israel and adjacent areas1994Leeches, Demography, Biology
212Cardot JM, Lefévre GY & Godbillon JAPharmacokinetics of Rec-Hirudin in healthy volunteers after intravenous administration.1994Saliva, Recombinant Hirudin
390Ginsberg JS, Nurmohamed MT, Gent M et al.Use of hirulog in the prevention of venous thrombosis after hip or knee surgery1994Hirulog, Anticoagulation, Thrombosis, Surgery, Orthopaedics, Leech Ointment
536Johnson PHHirudin: Clinical potential of a thrombin inhibitor1994Saliva, Hirudin, Anticoagulation
685Lequesne MKlinische und röntgenologische Verlaufsbeobachtungen bei Hüft- und Kniegelenksarthrosen – Methoden und Ergebnisse1994Osteoarthritis, Methodolgy
751Markwardt FThe development of hirudin as an antithrombotic drug1994Saliva, Hirudin
755Markwardt FCoagulation inhibitors from blood sucking animals1994Saliva, Hirudin
861Nehili M, Ilk C, Mehlhorn H et al.Experiments on the possible role of leeches as vectors of animal and humans pathogens; a light and electron microscopy study1994Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
1054Schmidt MNatürliche Therapieverfahren: Blutegel1994Review Article, Therapy
1132Söllner C, Mentele R, Eckerskorn C, et al.:Isolation and characterization of hirustasin, an antistasin-type serine-protease inhibitor from the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis1994Saliva, Hirustasin
1134Sommerhoff CP, Söllner C; Mentele R et al.A Kazal-type inhibitor of human mast cell Tryptase: Isolation from the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis, characterization, and sequence analysis1994Saliva, LDTI
1137Soucacos PN, Beris AE, Malizos KN, Xenacis & Georgoulis ASuccessful treatment of venous congestion in free skin flaps using medicinal leeches1994Surgery
1138Soucacous PN, Beris AE, Malizos KN, Kabani TC & Pakos SThe use of medicinal leeches, Hirudo medicinalis, to restore venous circulation in trauma and reconstructive surgery1994Surgery
1270Weinberg SLNew medicine from old-hirudin and the leech1994Therapy
1271Weinberg SLPresident‘s page: new medicine from old hirudin and the leech1994Hirudin
1284West BR, Nichter LS & Halpern DEEmergent reuse leech therapy: a better method1994Surgery, Breeding, Reuse
148Betzel C, Danter Z, Genov N et al.Structure of the proteinase inhibitor eglin c with hydrolysed reactive centre at 2.0 A resolution1993Saliva, Eglin
164Böhnke EDie Blutegeltherapie in der Praxis1993Therapy
187Bruchhausen F, Ebel S, Frahm AW & Hackenthal EHirudo1993Handbook, Pharmaceutics, Hirudin
351Fox I, Dawson A, Loynds P et al.Anticoagulant activity of Hirulog, a direct thrombin inhibitor, in humans1993Saliva, Hirulog, Anticoagulation
462Hartrampf CR, Drazan L & Noel RTA mechanical leech for transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flaps1993Surgery, Mechanical Leech
466Hauptmann J & Kaiser BAnticoagulant and antithrombotic action of the factor Xa inhibitor antistasin (ATS)1993Saliva, Faktor Xa-Inhibitor
502Hufeland CWBlutentziehunegn (Aderlass und Blutegel)1993Venesection
577Keim AStudies on the host specifity of the medicinal blood leech Hirudo medicinalis1993Pharmacovigilance, Hirudo medicinalis, Infections
663Lancellot MRelying on pat science: nursing implications of medicinal leech therapy1993Therapy
706Loewy AG, Santer UV, Wieczorek M et al.:Purification and characterization of novel zinc-protease from cultures of Aeromonas hydrophila1993Aeromonas hydrophila
745Maraganore JMPre-clinical studies on hirulog: a potent and specific direct thrombin inhibitor1993Hirulog, Leech Ointment
806Milz FBlutegeltherapie1993Therapy
902Oliva A, Lineaweaver WC, Buncke HJ et al.Salvage of wounds following failed tissue transplantation1993Surgery
975Rapaport DP, Breitbart AS, Karp NS & Siebert JWSuccessful microvascular replantation of a completely amputated ear1993Surgery
1275Wells MD, Maktelow RT, Boyd JB & Bowen VThe medical leech: an old treatment revisited1993Therapy, Surgery
1279Wenning A, Cahill MA, Greisunger U & Kaltenhäuser UOrganogenesis in the leech: development of nephridia, bladders and their innervation1993Biology, Nervous System
1299Wilken GB & Appleton CCThe persistence of hepatitis B antigen in the bloodmeal of the potential medicinal leech, Asiaticobdella buntonensis1993Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Hirudo Asiaticobdella buntonensis
1300Wilken GB & Appleton CCBacteriological investigation of the occurrence and antibiotic sensitivities of the gut-flora of the potential Southern African medicinal leech Asiaticobella buntonemsis (Hirudinidae)1993Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Hirudo Asiaticobdella buntonensis
1324Zaradova EVExperience with the use of leech therapy at a health resort on patients with hypertension and ischemic heart disease1993Cardio-Vascular System, Cardiology
1331Zavalova LL, Kuzina EV, Levina NB & Baskova IPMonomerization of fragment DD by destabilase from the medicinal leech does not alter the N-terminal sequence of the gamma-chain1993Saliva, Destabilase
117Baskova IP, Khalil S, Nartikova VF & Paskhina TSInhibition of plasma Kallikrein. Kininase and kinin-like activities of preparations of the medicinal leech1992Saliva, Analgesia, Bradykinin
258Dabb RW, Malone JM, Leverett LCThe use of medicinal leeches in the salvage of flaps with venous congestion1992Surgery
293Dressler H & Ehmann GLokaltherapie von Hämorrhoiden I. und II. Grades. Wirksamkeit eines Kombinationspräparats mit standardisiertem Blutegelextrakt1992Haemorrhoids, Leech ointment
297Dunwiddie CT, Vlasuk GP & Nutt EMThe hydrolysis and resynthesis of a single reactive site peptide bond in recombinant antistasin by coagulation factor X a1992Saliva, Factor X a-Inhibitor
311Elliott JM & Tullet PAThe medicinal leech1992Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
349Foucher G & Norris RWDistal and very distal digital replantations1992Surgery
409Graham CEThumb paronychia treated with leeches1992Anti-Inflammation, Paronychia
422Gross MP & Apesos JThe use of leeches for treatment of venous congestion of the nipple following breast surgery1992Surgery
485Herter KFang, Pflege und Zucht der deutschen Süßwasseregel1992Biology
518Isakhanyan GS, Tumasian KS, Barsegian ZE et al.Hirudin therapy and blood coagulability1992Anticoagulation, Cardiology, Respiratory Diseases, Rheumatism
547Junger WG, Hallstrom S, Redl H & Schlag GInhibition of human, bovine, and baboon neutrophil elastase with eglin c and secretory leukocyte proteinase inhibitor1992Saliva, Eglin
607Kocent LS & Spinner SSLeech therapy: New procedures for an old treatment1992Therapy
673Lee C, Mehran RJ, Lessard ML & Kerrigan CLLeeches: controlled trial in venous compromised rat epigastric flaps1992Surgery, Wound Healing, Pharmacology
695Lineaweaver WC, Furnas H, Follansbee S, Buncke GH, Whitney TM & Canales FPostprandial Aeromonas hydrophila cultures and antibiotic levels of enteric aspirates from medicinal leeches applied to patients receiving antibiotics1992Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
696Lineaweaver WC, Hill MK, Buncke GM, Follansbee S, Buncke HJ, Wong RK, Manders EK, Grotting JC, Anthony J & Mattes SJAeromonas hydrophila infections following use of medicinal leeches in replantation and flap surgery1992Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
756Markwardt FHirudin: The promising antithrombotic1992Saliva, Hirudin
855Narendrathan MLeeches and hepatitis B1992Pharmacovigilance, Infections
907Orevi M, Rigbi M, Hy-am E et al.A potent inhibitor of platelet activating factor from the saliva of the leech Hirudo medicinalis1992Saliva, PAF-Inhibitor
1001Roters FJ & Zebe EProtease inhibitors in the alimentary tract of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis: In vivo and in vitro studies1992Biology, Eglin, Bdellin, Proteases, Protease-Inhibition
1078Seleznev KG, ShchetiniviaEA, Trophimenko NP, Nikonov GI & Baskova IPUse of the medicinal leech in the treatment of ear diseases1992Tinnitus
1162Stringer KA & Lindenfeld JHirudin antithrombin anticoagulants1992Hirudin, Anticoagulation
55Ascenzi P, Aducci P, Amiconi G et al.Binding of the recombinant proteinase inhibitor eglin c from the leech Hirudo medicinalis to serine (pro) enzymes: a comparative thermodynamic study1991Saliva, Eglin
108Baskova IP & Nikonov GIDestabilase, the novel epsilon-(gamma-Glu)-Lys isopeptidase with thrombolytic activity1991Saliva, Destabilase, Thrombolysis
137Baudet JThe use of leeches in distal digital replantation1991Surgery
272Dejobert Y, Martin B, Thomas P & Bergoend HContact dermatitis from topical leech extract1991Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Dermatitis, Allergy
330Fields WSThe history of leeching and hirudin1991History
423Groß UDer medizinische Blutegel, Hirudo medicinalis, gestern und heute1991Saliva, Hirudin, Hyaluronidasis, Apyrasis, Kollagenasis
517Isakhanyan GS & Arutiunian VMMedizinische Blutegel: Ihre medizinische Verwendung in der therapeutischen Klinik1991Review Article, Therapy
694Lineaweaver WCAeromonas hydrophila infections following use of medicinal leeches: A review of published cases1991Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Review Article
697Lineaweaver WC, O´Hara M, Stridde M et al.Clinical leech use in a microsurgical unit: The San Francisco experience1991Surgery
753Markwardt FThe comeback of hirudin as antithrombotic agent1991Saliva, Hirudin
754Markwardt FPast, presence and future of Hirudin1991Saliva, Hirudin, Hirudin recombinant
761Markwardt F, Nowak G & Stürzebecher JClinical pharmacology of recombinant hirudin1991Hirudin recombinant, Clinical Pharmacology
778Menage MJ & Wright GUse of leeches in case of severe perorbital haematoma1991Ophthalmology, Haematoma
845Munro R, Jones CP & Sawyer RTCalin – a platelet adhesion inhibitor from the saliva of the medicinal leech1991Saliva, Calin
854Narayanan K, Walenga JM, Liang MD & Fareed JRecombinant hirudin: Initial observations in reconstructive microsurgery1991Saliva, Hirudin, Surgery, Anticoagulation
890Nutt EM, Jain D, Lenny AB et al.Purification and characterization of recombinant antistasin: a leech derived inhibitor of coagulation factor X a1991Saliva, Faktor X a-Inhibitor, Antistasin
983Regan PJ, Roberts JO, Sabathy SR & Roberts AHUse of the medicinal leech to salvage specialized skin jeopardized by venous impairment1991Blood Circulation, Phlebitis
1009Rouholamin H & Harris DReach for a leech. Leeches and microsurgery1991Surgery
1043Sawyer RTEditorial (Leeches)1991Review Article
1044Sawyer RTThrombolytics and anticoagulants from leeches1991Saliva, Anticoagulation, Thrombolysis
1221Valauri FAAeromonas hydrophila infection complicating digital replantation and revascularization1991Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Surgery
1222Valauri FAThe use of medicinal leeches in microsurgery1991Surgery, History, Review Article
1252Walenga JM, Bakhos M, Messmore HL, Fareed J & Pifarre RPotential use of recombinant hirudin as an anticoagulant in a cardiopulmonary bypass model1991Saliva, Recombinant Hirudin
1258Walsmann PIsolation and characterization of hirudin from Hirudo medicinalis1991Hirudin
1278Wenning A & Calabrese RLMechanism of Cl- sensitivity in internal ion receptors of the leech: an inward current gated off by Cl- in the nephridial nerve cells1991Biology, Nervous System
1283West BR, Nichter LS & Halpern DELeech therapy: When once is enough1991Therapy, Anticoagulation
1301Wilkin PJ & Scofield AMGrowth of the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis, under natural and laboratory conditions1991Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Breeding
1333Zavalova LL, Nikonov GI, Kuzina EV, Popova GI & Baskova IPA dimer of fragment D from stabilized fibrin – a substrate for the destabilase enzyme1991Saliva, Destabilase
180Braga A, Lineaweaver WC, Whitney TM, Follansbee S, Buncke HJSensitivities of Aeromonas hydrophila cultured from medicinal leeches to oral antibiotics1990Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila, Antibiosis
186Brown PRUse of leeches1990Veterinary Medicine
213Catarsi S, Garcia-Gil G, Traina G & Brunelli MSeasonal variation of serotonin content and nonassociative learning of swim induction in the leech Hirudo medicinalis1990Biology, Nervous System, Serotonin
221Chang JY, Ngai PK, Rink H et al.The structural elements of hirudin which bind to the fibrinogen recognition site of thrombin are exclusively located within its acidic C-terminal tail1990Saliva, Hirudin
322Evans J, Lunnis PJ, Gaunt PN et al.A case of septicaemia due to Aeromonas hydrophila1990Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Sepsis
480Henriot JM, Chaillot B, Rochette L & Labrude PLa sangsue Hirudo medicinalis: utilisations cliniques de l‘animal et perspectives thérapeutiques de l‘hirudine1990Review Article, Therapy
545Jung F, Koscielny J, Mrowietz C et al.Einfluss der Hämodilution auf den systemischen und den Kapillarhämatokrit1990Cardiology, Cardiovascular System,
548Jurk DDie Behandlung der Schultersteife mit dem medizinischen Blutegel1990Orthopaedics, Myogelosis
579Kemperdick GKRheumatische Erkrankungen lindern1990Rheumatism
748Marki WE, Wallis RBThe anticoagulant and antithrombotic properties of hirudins1990Anticoagulation, Hirudin
764Markwardt F, Stürzebecher J & Gluson EAntithrombin effects of native and recombinant hirudins1990Hirudin
984Renesto P, Ferrer-Lopezx P & Chignard MInterference of recombinant eglin c, a protease inhibitor extracted from leeches, with neutrophil-mediated platelet activation1990Saliva, Eglin
991Richerson JT, Davis JA & Meystrik RAeromonas, acclimation, and penicillin as complications when leeches are applied to skin flaps in rabbits1990Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila, Pharmacology, Infections
1051Schimmel KCAb- und ausleitende Heilmethoden1990Venesection
1123Smoot EC, Debs N, Banducci D, Poole M & Roth ACLeech therapy and bleeding wound techniques to relieve venous congestion1990Surgery, Methodology
1182Techmer GDie Blutegelbehandlung1990Therapy
1243Wade JW, Brabham RF & Allen RJMedical leeches: once again at the forefront of medicine1990Therapy
1274Weitz JI, Hudoba M, Massel D et al.Clot-bound thrombin is protected from inhibition by Heparin-Antithrombin III but is susceptible to inactivation by Antithrombin III-independent inhibitors1990Hirudo medicinalis, Saliva, Anticoagulation
1302Williams DG et al.Medicinal leech Hyaluronidase as a potential skin penetration enhancer: in vitro permeation studies1990Hyaluronidase, Skin penetration
7Abelson MB, Mandele E, Paradisa A,.George MThe effect of hyaluronidase on akinesia during cataract surgery1989Hyaluronidasis, Cataract surgery, Anaesthesia,
11Adams SLThe medicinal leech: Historical perspectives1989History
13Adams SLThe emergency management of a medicinal leech bite1989Therapy
46Anthony JP, Lineaweaver WC, Davis JW & Buncke HJQuantitative fluorometric effects of leeching on a replanted ear1989Surgery, Fluorimetry
49Apfelberg DB, Maser MR, White DN & Lash HHigh- and low solutions for massive cavernous hemangioma of the face: Lasers and leeches to rescue1989Surgery
93Baker CA & Nayduch DAMedicinal leech therapy: a case study1989Orthopaedics
102Barnett GR, Taylor GI & Mutimer KLThe “chemical leech”: intra-replant subcutaneous heparin as an alternative to venous anastomosis. Report of three cases1989Surgery, Heparin, Anticoagulation,
124Baskova IP, Nikonov GI, Dolgov VV, Tertov VV & Orektov ANThe effect of medicinal leech preparations on atherogenesis1989Saliva, Cardiovascular System, Atherosclerosis
135Bates M, Kneer K & Logan CMedicinal leech therapy – an overview1989Review Article, Therapy
184Brody GA, Maloney WJ & Hentz VRDigit replantation applying the leech Hirudo medicinalis1989Surgery
207Calabrese RL & Norris BJRFamide peptides in the leech, Hirudo medicinalis1989Biology
229Chmiel H, Anadere I, Moser KHemorheological changes under blood leeching1989Anticoagulation, Pharmacology
249Cooper JEVeterinary surgeons and leeches1989Veterinary Medicine
283Diebschlag W & Nocker WLokale Anwendung von Blutegelwirkstoffen bei Sprunggelenkverletzungen1989Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, Distorsion, Contusions, Ankle Ligament Injury, Exhirud
296Dunwiddie CT, Thornberry NA, Bull HG et al.Antistasin, a leech derived inhibitor of factor X a. Kinetic analysis of enzyme inhibition and identification of ther reactive site1989Saliva, Factor X a-Inhibitor
346Forgo I, Ehmann G & Burkard GLokale Therapie von stumpfen Sportverletzungen1989Orthopaedics, , Sports Medicine, Distorsion, Kontusion, Swelling, Exhirud
519Isgar B & Turner AGLarge scrotal haematoma treated with medicinal leeches1989Urology, Haematoma
537Jones CP & Sawyer RTHeparin inhibits mammalian, but not leech, Hyaluronidase1989Pharmacology, Interactions, Heparin, Hyaluronidasis
638Kumar S, Dev A, Kochhar LK & Singh AMLiving leech in nose and nasopharynx - An unusual foreign body (Report of two cases)1989Hirudiniasis, Wildlife Leeches
750Markwardt FHirudin als Antikoagulans: ein Comeback1989Hirudin
757Markwardt F & Hunsaker RControlling the medicinal leech1989Saliva, Hirudin
768Martin DL & Hunsaker RControlling the medicinal leech1989Surgery
830Mulder JBLeeches and leeching: The magic cure1989Veterinary Medicine
844Munro F, Hechtel FOP & Sawyer RTSustained bleeding after a leech bite in the apparent absence of hirudin1989Pharmacovigilance, Bleeding, Saliva, Hirudin, Pharmacology
954Powell J & Sawyer RTHeparin inhibits mammalian, but not leech, hyaluronidase1989Saliva, Hyaluronidase, Anticoagulation
962Pugliese L, Gattix G, Bolognesi M et al.Preliminary crystallographic data on the complex of bovine alpha-chymotrypsin with the recombinant protease inhibitor eglin c from Hirudo medicinalis1989Saliva, Eglin
1126Snower DP, Ruef C, Kuritza AP & Edberg CAeromonas hydrophila infection associated with the use of medicinal leeches1989Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas hydrophila
1204Tschoerner P & Zebe EAmmonia formation in the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis - In vivo and in vitro investigations1989Biology, Breeding
9Abrutyn EHospital-associated infections from leeches1988Pharmacovigilance, Infections
12Adams SLThe medicinal leech: A page from the annelids of internal medicine1988History
57Ascenzi P, Amiconi G, Menegatti E et al.Binding of the recombinant proteinase inhibitor eglin c from leech Hirudo medicinalis to human leukocyte elastase, bovine alpha-chymotrypsin and subtilisin Carlsberg: A thermodynamic study1988Saliva, Eglin
111Baskova IP, Nikonov GI, Mirkamalova EG et al.Effect of preparations from the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) on phagocytosis and complement system1988Saliva
118Baskova IP, Khalil S, Nikonov GI, Rabinovich SE & Vastikova VFInhibition of kallikrein from human plasma by salivary gland secretion and extracts of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis1988Saliva, Kallikrein
122Baskova IP, Nikonov GI & Khalil SThrombolytic agents of the preparation from the medicinal leeches1988Saliva, Anticoagulation
123Baskova IP, Nikonov GI & Khalil SThrombolytic agents of the preparation from the medicinal leeches.1988Saliva, Anticoagulation
156Bichler J, Fichtl B, Siebeck M & Fritz HPharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of hirudin in man after single subcutaneous and intravenous bolus injection1988Anticoagulation, Saliva, Hirudin
191Bucha E, Nowak G & Markwardt FPrevention of experimental coronary thrombosis by hirudin1988Thrombosis, Thrombolysis
401Graeve TIsolierung und Kultivierung von Speicheldrüsenzellen des Hirudo medicinalis zur Hirudingewinnung unter in vitro-Bedingungen.1988Saliva, Hirudin
415Green IEThe use and husbandry of leeches in plastic surgery units – A survey1988Review Article, Surgery
471Hayden RE, Phillips JG & McLear PWLeeches. Objective monitoring of altered perfusion in congested flaps1988Surgery, Blood Flow Measurement
482Hermansdorfer J, Lineaweaver W, Follansbee S, Valauri FA & Buncke HJAntibiotic sensitivities of Aeromonas hydrophila cultured from medical leeches1988Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas, Surgery
543Juilleret M, Marquet M, Riehl-Bellon N et al.Expression and secretion in S. cerevisia of biologically active leech Hirudin1988Saliva, Hirudin
544Julian DG, Simpson JM, Cadigan PJ et al.A controlled trial of GL enzyme in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction1988Saliva, Hyaluronidasis, Hyaglosidasis, Cardiology, Cardiovascular System, Myocardial Infarction
625Kraemer BA, Korber KE, Aquino TI & Engleman AUse of leeches in plastic and reconstructive surgery: a review.1988Review Article, Surgery
682Lent CM & Dickinson MHThe neurobiology of feeding in leeches1988Review Article, Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
684Lent CM, Fliegner KH, Freedman E & Dickinson MHIngestive behaviour and physiology of the medicinal leech1988Biology
715Lucht F, Aubert G, Seguin P et al.Postoperative skin-flap decongestion , leeches, and Aeromonas hydrophila1988Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
759Markwardt F, Fink E, Kaiser B, et al.:.Pharmacological survey of recombinant hirudin1988Saliva, Hirudin
767Marshall CG & Lent CMExcitability and secretory activity in the salivary gland cells of jaed leeches (Hirudinea: Gnathobdellida)1988Saliva, Serotonin
875Nikonov GI & Baskova IP:Antithrombotic effect of the preparations from the leeches Hirudo medicinalis1988Saliva, Anticoagulation, Pharmacology
893O‘Hara MLeeching: a modern use for an ancient remedy1988Therapy
1172Suter S & Chevallier IThe effect of eglinc on the function of human neutrophils in vitro1988Saliva, Eglin
1255Wallis RBHirudine and the role of thrombin: Lessons from leeches1988Anticoagulation, Thrombin
1256Walsmann PÜber den Einsatz des spezifischen Thrombininhibitors Hirudin für diagnostische und biochemische Untersuchungen1988Hirudin
125Baskova IP, Nikonov GI, Mazurov AV, Misselvits F & Leitin VLMechanisms of the inhibition of vascular-platelet hemostasis by salivary gland secretion of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis1987Saliva, Anticoagulation
163Bode W, Papamokos E & Musil DThe high-resolution X-ray crystal structure of the complex formed between subtilisin Carlsberg and eglin c, an elastase inhibitor from the leech Hirudo medicinalis. Structural analysis, subtilisin structure and interface geometry1987Saliva, Eglin
183Braun NJ, Bodmer JL, Virca GD et al.Kinetic studies on the interaction of eglin c with human leucocyte elastase and cathapepsin G1987Saliva, Eglin
196Buncke HJMicrosurgical reattachment of totally amputated ears1987Surgery
237Clark SA, Valauri FA, Buncke HI & Alpert BSThe use of leeches in microsurgery1987Surgery
284Diebschlag W & Nocker WBehandlung akuter lateraler Sprunggelenksdistorsionen: plazebokontrollierte Doppelblindstudie zum Nachweis der Wirksamkeit von Exhirud®-Salbe Spezial1987Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, Distorsion, Contusions, Ankle Ligament Injury, Exhirud
382Giacometti LLeeching in the twentieth century1987Therapy, Cardiology
413Grebe WDie lokale Anwendung von Blutegelwirkstoffen bei Sportverletzungen1987Sports Medicine, Contusion, Distorsion, Haematoma
683Lent CM, & Dickinson MHOn the termination of ingestive behavior by the medicinal leech1987Biology, Breeding, Artificial Blood
686Lequesne M, Mery C, Samson M & Gerard PIncidence of severity of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee –value in comparison with other assessments tests1987Osteoarthritis, Methodolgy
712Lovibond MEHirudo medicinalis – a pharmacist ‘s view1987Review Article, Therapy
725Mahaffey PThe use of leeches in reconstructive surgery1987Surgery, Review Article
728Makin CA & Edwards LApplication of leeches to reduce swelling after reconstructive surgery1987Surgery, Haematoma, Swelling
781Mercer NSG, Beere DM, Bornemisza AJ & Thomas PMedicinal leeches as sources of wound infection1987Pharmacovigilance, Infections
849Mutimer KL, Banis JC & Upton JMicrosurgical reattachment of totally amputated ears1987Surgery, Pharmacovigilance
883Nocker W & Diebschlag WEinfluss einer lokalen Blutegelwirkstoffapplikation auf Schwellungen und Schmerzen bei Sprunggelenksdistorsionen1987Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine, Contusion, Distorsion, Exhirud
994Rigbi M, Levy H, Eldor A et al.The saliva of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. II Inhibition of platelet aggregation and of leucocyte activity and examination of reputed anaesthetic effects1987Saliva, PAF-Inhibitor, Anaesthesia, Anticoagulation, Adrenalin
995Rigbi M, Levy H, Iraqui F et al.The saliva of the medicinal leech Hirudo medicinalis. I Biochemical characterization of the high molecular weight fraction1987Saliva
1208Tuszynski GP, Gasic TB & Gasic GJIsolation and characterization of Antistasin. An inhibitor of metastasis and coagulation1987Haementeria officinalis, Saliva, Antistasin, Anticoagulation
1211Upton JLeeches1987Surgery
1268Watt EAre medicinal leeches an infection hazard?1987Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Aeromonas
1276Wells S & Coombs WThe status and trade of the medicinal leech1987Market
182Braun NJ & Schnebli HPA brief review of the biochemistry and pharmacology of Eglin c, an elastase inhibitor1986Saliva, Eglin
208Calder IG & Smith VHHyaluronidase and sodium hyaluronate in cataract surgery1986Saliva, Hyaluronidase, Anaesthesia
336Fink E, Nettelbeck R & Fritz HInhibition of of mast cell chymase by eglin c and antileukoprotease (HUSI-I). Indications for potential biological functions of these inhibitors1986Saliva, Eglin
337Fink E, Rehm H, Gippner C et al.The primary structure of bdellin B-3 from the leech Hirudo medicinalis1986Saliva, Bdellins
464Harvey RP, Degryse E, Stefan I et al.Cloning and expression of cDNA coding for the anticoagulant Hirudin from the blood sucking leech, Hirudo medicinalis1986Saliva, Hirudin
523Iwakawa A, Gasic TB, Viner ED & Gasic GJPromotion of lung tumor colonization in mice by the synthetic thrombin inhibitor (no. 805) and its reversal by leech salivary gland extracts1986Pharmacology, Tumour
645Küng LG & Lüscher NJHirudo medicinalis. Helfer in der Not1986Surgery, History
681Lent CNew medical and scientific uses of the leech1986Review Article, Therapy, Pharmacovigilance
691Lim CLSuccessful transfer of “free” microvascular superficial temporal artery flap with no obvious venous drainage and use of leeches for reducing venous congestion: case report1986Surgery
814Modig MThe strange loire of leeches1986History
835Müller IWDie Anfänge der Blutegeltherapie1986History
1041Sawyer RTLeech biology and behaviour. Volume I and II1986Handbook
1151Stern-Tomlinson W, Nusbaum MP, Perez E & Kristan WBA kinematic study of crawling behavior in the leech Hirudo medicinalis1986Biology, Muscular System
1156Stone SR & Hofsteenge JKinetics of the inhibition of thrombin by hirudin1986Hirudin, Anticoagulation
1210Upton JHirudo medicinalis: A tenacious clinical tool1986Review Article
1277Wenning A & Cahill MANephridial innervations in the leech Hirudo medicinalis1986Biology, Nervous System
1335Zebe E, Roters FJ & Kaiping BMetabolic changes in the medical leech Hirudo medicinalis following feeding1986Biology, Breeding,
1339Zerbst-Boroffka I & Wenning AMechanisms of regulatory salt and water excretion in the leech Hirudo medicinalis1986Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Breeding
107Baskova IP & Nikonov GIDestabilase – an enzyme of medicinal leech salivary gland secretion that hydrolyses isopeptide bonds in stabilized fibrin1985Saliva, Destabilase, Anticoagulation, Thrombolysis
242Cole DClinical hirudology: revival of an ancient art1985History
629Krug EDer medizinische Blutegel und seine therapeutische Verwendung1985Therapy
752Markwardt FPharmacology of Hirudin: One hundred years after the first report of the anticoagulant agent in medicinal leeches1985Hirudin, Pharmacology
775McPhalen CA, Schnebli HP & James MNCrystal and molecular structure of the inhibitor eglin from leeches in complex with subtilisin Carlsberg1985Saliva, Eglin
838Müller IWBlutegeltherapie im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert1985History
952Potempa J, Dubin A, Seemüller U et al.Inhibition of horse leucocyte proteinases by eglin, a proteinase inhibitor from leeches1985Saliva, Eglin
974Rao P, Baille FB & Bailey BNLeechmania in microsurgery1985Surgery
1056Schnebli HP, Seemüller U, Fritz H et al.Eglin c, a pharmacologically active elastase inhibitor1985Saliva, Eglin
1057Schnebli HP, Seemüller U, Fritz H et al.Biochemical properties and possible therapeutic role of the elastase inhibitor eglin c1985Saliva, Eglin
1125Snider DP, Stone PJ, Lucey EC et al.Eglin c, a polypeptide derived from the medicinal leech, prevents human neutrophil elastase-induced emphysema and bronchial secretory cell metaplasia in the hamster1985Saliva, Eglin, Pharmacology
1261Walz BLight-induced changes of extra- and intracellular potassium concentration in photoreceptors of the leech Hirudo medicinalis1985Biology, Nervous System
90Baici A, & Seemüller UKinetics of the inhibition of human leucocyte elastase by eglin from the leech Hirudo medicinalis1984Saliva, Eglin
121Baskova IP, Nikonov GI & Cherkesova DUAntithrombin, antitrypsin and antichymotrypsin activities of the salivary gland secretion and intestinal chyme of medicinal leeches. Antichymotrypsin activity of partially purified preparations of hirudin and pseudohirudin1984Saliva, Hirudin
128Baskova IP, Yusupova GI & Nikonov GILipase and cholesterol-esterase of salivary gland secretion of the medicinal leech.1984Saliva
134Batchelor AGG, Davison P & Sully TThe salvage of congested skin flaps by application of leeches1984Surgery
189Bruckbauer HPerkutane Resorption von Blutegelwirkstoffen (Eglin und Hirudin) an der isolierten Schweinehaut und im in-vivo-Modell an der Maus1984Saliva, Hirudin, Eglin, Pharmacology, Kinetics, Leech Ointment
281Dickinson MH & Lent CMFeeding behaviour and the medicinal leech, Hirudo medicinalis1984Biology, Breeding, Hirudo medicinalis
282Dickson WA, Boothman P & Hare KAn unusual source of hospital wound infection1984Surgery, Pharmacvogilance, Infections
538Jopen-Wolff CBDer medizinische Blutegel und seine Wirkstoffe1984Saliva
762Markwardt F, Nowak G, Stürzebecher J et al.Pharmacokinetics and anticoagulant effects of hirudin1984Saliva, Hirudin
930Payton BWMedicinal leeching: The golden age1984History
997Rink H, Liersch M, Sieber P & Meyer FA large fragment approach to DNA synthesis: total synthesis of a gene for the protease inhibitor eglin c from the leech Hirudo medicinalis and its expression in E. coli1984Saliva, Eglin
114Baskova IP, Cherkesova DU & Mosolov VVHirudin from leech heads and whole leeches and pseudo hirudin from leech bodies1983Saliva, Hirudin
171Bottenberg HDie Blutegelbehandlung.1983Handbook
414Green C & Gilby JAThe medicinal leech1983Review Article, Pharmacovigilance, Therapy
476Henderson HP, Matti B, Laing AG et al.Avulsion of the scalp treated by microvascular repair: the use of leeches for postoperative decongestion1983Surgery
477Henderson LP, Kuffler DP, Nicholls J & Zhang RStructural and functional analysis of synaptic transmission between identified leech neurons in culture1983Biology
956Prasad SB & Sinha MRVaginal bleeding due to a leech1983Leeches
1000Ross MSThe leech: Of dermatological interest? (Letter)1983Dermatology
1155Stölzle AZur perkutanen Resorption und Immunogenität der Proteinaseinhibitoren Hirudin, Eglin und Bdellin aus dem Blutegel Hirudo medicinalis1983Saliva, Hirudin, Eglin, Bdellin, Transdermal Kinetics, Leech Ointment
1296Whitlock MR, O ‘Hare PM, Sanders R & Morrow NCThe medicinal leech and its use in plastic surgery: A possible cause for infection1983Surgery, Pharmacovigilance, Infections
158Biondi C, Belardetti F & Brunelli MIncreased synthesis of cyclic AMP and short-term plastic changes in the segmental ganglia of the leech Hirudo medicinalis1982Biology, Nervous System
456Hansen JLeeches, lancets and fleams. Will bloodletting rejoin the medical mainstream?1982Therapy, Venesection
760Markwardt F, Hauptmann J & Nowak GPharmacological studies on the antithrombotic action of Hirudin in experimental animals1982Saliva, Hirudin
34Altman LKThe doctor‘s world; leeches still have their medical uses1981Review Article
197Bunker TDThe contemporary use of the medicinal leech. Injury.1981Review Article, Surgery, Haematoma
350Foucher G, Henderson HR, Maneau M et al.Distal digital replantation: one of the best indications for microsurgery.1981Surgery
1070Seemüller U, Fritz H & Eulitz MEglin: elastase-cathepsin G inhibitor from leeches1981Saliva, Eglin
1259Walsmann P & Markwardt FBiochemische und pharmakologische Aspekte des Thrombinihibitors Hirudin1981Hirudin
1318Young SR, Dedwylder RD & Friesen WOResponses of the medicinal leech to water waves1981Biology, Nervous System
275Derganc M & Zdravic FVenous congestion of flaps treated by application of leeches1980Surgery
348Foucher GUn vieux remède dans un pot neuf: la sangsue en microchirurgie1980Surgery
357Fritz HProteinase inhibitors in severe inflammatory processes (septic shock and experimental endotoxaemia): biochemical, pathophysiological and therapeutic aspects1980Saliva, Eglins, Bdellins, Anti-Inflammation
1069Seemüller U, Eulitz M, Fritz H & Strobl AStructure of the elastase-cathepsin G inhibitor of the leech Hirudo medicinalis1980Saliva, Elastase-Inhibitor
1073Seigworth GRBlood letting over the centuries1980History
1097Shchekotow GMDie Anwendung von Blutegeln bei varikös erweiterten Venen1980Varicosis
1068Seemüller UInhibitoren aus dem Blutegel Hirudo medicinalis mit Hemmwirkung gegen Chrymotripsin, Subtilisin und die menschlichen Granulozytenproteasen Elastase und Kathepsin G1979Saliva, Eglin
1152Stock D, Diezemann R, Ell N & Gottstein JBringt die lokale Blutegelwirkstoffapplikation Vorteile für die Mobilisierung operierter Gelenke?1979Orthopaedics, Surgery, Leech Ointment
522Iveson-Iveson JLeeches in medicine: they still hang on!1978Therapy
646Kuppe KODer Blutegel in der ärztlichen Praxis1977Handbook
1071Seemüller U, Meier M, Ohlson K et al.Isolation and characterisation of a low molecular weight inhibitor (of chymotrypsin and human granulocytic elastase and cathepsin G) from leeches1977Saliva, Eglin
358Fritz H & Krejci KTrypsin-plasmin inhibitors (bdellins) from leeches1976Saliva, Bdellins
1323Zapkuvene DV & Sinyavichene DPDevelopment of the salivary glands of medicinal leeches during starvation1976Hirudo medicinalis, Biology, Saliva
169Borden TA, Rosen RT & Schwarz GRMassive scrotal hematoma developing after transfemoral cardiac cathgerization1974Haematoma
465Haupt JFunction and ultrastructure of the nephridium of Hirudo medicinalis1974Biology
622Köstering H, König F, Kositzki H et al.Thrombenbehandlung durch Hirudin. Untersuchungen über die Wirkung der Exhirud-Blutegelsalbe auf gleichstrominduzierte Thromben in der Ohrvene der Maus1973Thrombosis, Anticoagulation, Exhirud, Pharmacology, Leech Ointment
1338Zerbst-Boroffka IOsmo- und Volumenregulation bei Hirudo medicinalis nach Nahrungsaufnahme1973Biology, Metabolism
454Hammersen F & Pokahe AElektronenmikroskopische Untersuchungen zur Epithelstruktur im Magen-Darmkanal von Hirudo medicinalis1972Biology, Digestion
461Hartnett JCThe care and use of medicinal leeches in 19th century pharmacy and therapeutics1972History
1122Smolnikoff VPLeech and vrach1972Therapy
279Deuser EÜber Behandlungsmethoden von Distorsionen, Kontusionen und Hämatomen im Sportgeschehen1971Othopaedics, Sports Medicine, Haematoma, Distorsion, Contusion
711Lotz RGA, Fuchs MEA & Moyat PEABasic studies on Hirudo medicinalis for a space experiment1970Biology
721Mackay-Dick JLeech out of reach1970Therapy
904Oostheer RLeeching1970Biology, Leeches
1337Zerbst-Boroffka IOrganische Säurereste als wichtigste Anionen im Blut von Hirudo medicinalis1970Biology
25Alavi KEpistaxis and hemotysis due to Hirudo medicinalis (medical leech)1969Pharmacovigilance, Leeches, Epistaxis, Anaemia
88Bagdasorova AVEffect of Hirudin therapy on some functions and the hydrodynamics of the eye of glaucoma patients1969Saliva, Hirudin, Ophthalmology
359Fritz H, Gebhardt M, Fink E et al.Verwendung wasserunlöslicher Enzymharze mit polyanionischer und polyamphoterer Harzmatrix zur Isolierung von Proteaseinhibitoren1969Saliva, Protease-Inhibitor
1199Tronnier HWeitere experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Wirksamkeit einer Hirudin-haltigen Salbe1969Leech Ointment, Hirudin
170Boroffka IOsmo- und Volumenregulation bei Hirudo medicinalis1968Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
484Herter KDer medizinische Blutegel und seine Verwandten1968Biology, Handbook
763Markwardt F, Schäfer G, Töpfer H & Walsmann PDie Isolierung des Hirudins aus medizinischen Blutegeln1967Saliva, Hirudin
1282Wesener GZur Diagnose und Therapie der oberflächlichen Thrombophlebitis (Varicophlebitis) in der Sprechstunde1967Phlebitis, Thrombophlebitis, Varicosis
1340Zettel GBeobachtungen über Exhirud-Salbe bei der Behandlung der Akne vulgaris1967Dermatology, Acne, Exhirud, Leech Ointment
647Kutakow OIHirudinationsbehandlung bei Thrombophlebitis1965Thrombophlebitis
1229Verma PL & Kohli GSLeech: a rare cause of epistaxis1965Leeches, Epistaxis
1281Wesener GBehandlung der oberflächlichen Thrombophlebitis1965Phlebitis, Thrombophlebitis, Varicosis
324Faller AZur Frage der Struktur der glatten Muskelzellen von Hirudo medicinalis1964Biology, Muscles
1239Vogler PProstatitis1964Urology, Prostatitis
1257Walsmann PÜber die Standardisierung von Hirudin-Handelspräparaten1964Leech Ointment
453Hammersen FDas Muskelgefüge in der Pharynxwand von Hirudo medicinalis und Haemopis sanguisuga1963Biology, Muscles
578Keller AKrampfadern, Venenentzündungen und Hämorrhoiden1963Varicosis, Phlebitis, Haemorrhoids, Venous Inflammation
1165Strümper HJBlutegeltherapie gestern und heute1963Therapy, History
1319Yuki H & Fishman WHPurification and characterization of leech hyaluronic acid-endo-?-glucuronidase1963Saliva, Hyaluronidase
742Mann KHLeeches (Hirudinea). Their structure, physiology, ecology and embryology1962Biology
475Heldt TJAllergy to leeches1961Pharmacovigilance, Dermatology, Allergy, History
943Piening JDie Anwendung des Blutegel in der Geriatrie1960Geriatrics, Cardiovascular System
1167Subritzkij WIDie Behandlung des Priapismus mit Blutegeln1960Urology, Priapism
860Nebel CErfahrungen mit der Behandlung des Herpes zoster1959Dermatology, Shingles
1066Schweer MUntersuchungen zur vergleichenden Stoffwechselphysiologie einheimischer Süßwasseregel (Hirudinea)1959Hirudo medicinalis, Biology
8Abraham A, Minker EÜber die Innervation des Darmkanals des medizinischen Blutegels (Hirudo medicinalis)1958Biology, Nervous System, Digestion
934Petersen TE, Roberts HR, Sotrup-Jensen L & Magnusson SPrimary structure of hirudin, a thrombin-specific inhibitor1958Saliva, Hirudin, Anticoagulation
386Gilkes MCase notes. Leech-bite of the cornea1957Pharmacology, Leeches
698Linker A, Hoffmann P & Meyer KThe Hyaluronidase of the leech: an endoglucuronidase1957Saliva, Hyaluronidasis
749Markwardt FDie Isolierung und chemische Charakterisierung des Hirudins1957Saliva, Hirudin
1102Shope REThe leech as potential virus reservoir1957Pharmacovigilance, Infections
541Judson WECardiohemodynamic effects of venous congestion of legs or phlebotomy in patients with and without heart failure1955Cardio-vascular System, Cardiology, Venesection
1231Viard JL‘extrait de sangsues dans le traitement des ulcères de jambe et les troubles trophiques postphlébitiques anciens1954Leech Ointment, Leg Ulcer, Phlebitis
201Büsing KH, Döll W & Freytag KDie Bakterienflora der medizinischen Blutegel1953Pharmacovigilance, Aeromonas hydrophila
353Freytag KUntersuchungen über den Aufbau der Cuticula von Hirudo medicinalis1953Biology, Cell Structure
873Nickl HÜber die Wirkungen der Blutegeltherapie auf die Gerinnung im peripheren Kreislauf bei lokaler Applikation1953Anticoagulation, Cardiovascular System
894Obe GDie Blutegelbehandlung der akuten unspezifischen Epididymitis1953Urology, Epididymitis
289Döll WDie Bedeutung von Pseudomonas hirudinis für die Verdauungsphysiologie des medizinischen Blutegels1952Biology, Leeches, Pseudomonas
1269Weiler PUntersuchungen über die antibiotische Wirkung an Blutegeln, Blutegelbakterien und deren keimfreiem Filtrat1949Pharmacovigilance, Infections, Antibiosis
1286Westfall PPOn the leech and its use in medicine1949Therapy
626Krauß HÜber die Bewährung der Blutegel- und Schröpfbehandlung beim peripheren Rheumatismus1948Rheumatism
581Kenel CLes sangsues, l‘hirudine, leurs applications en ophthalmologie1946Ophthalmology
444Hahn LÜber die Spaltung der Hyaluronsäure durch Mucopolysaccharasen aus Blutegel und Cl. perfringens.1945Saliva, Hyaluronidasis
785Meyer ONew principle in treatment of poliomyelitis: application of leeches over inflamed jugular vein1944Anti-Inflammation, Phlebitis
188Brück FDie Ersatzbehandlungen des Aderlasses1943Therapy
84Bach EZur Therapie der Eklampsie1942Therapy
177Bottenberg HIndikationsstellung zur Blutegel- und Schröpfbehandlung1941Therapy
491Hirst GKEffect of polysaccharide-splitting enzyme on streptococcal infection1941Saliva, Antibiosis
1139Soucek WEine neue Indikation für die Blutegelbehandlung: Die rheumatische periarthrale Schwellung1941Rheumatism
238Claude ASpreading properties and mucolytic activity of leech extracts1940Saliva
895Oberheid LÜber Blutegelbehandlung1940Review Article, Therapy Thrombosis, Back Pain, Varicosis, Myalgia
1037Savoor SRAlopecia areata after leech bite1940Pharmacovigilance, Alopecia areata
26Albach EBeobachtungen bei der therapeutischen Blutegelverwendung mit besonderer Berücksichtigung anaphylaktischer Erscheinungen1939Pharmacovigilance, Anaphylaxis, Allergy
668Lauber HJBeitrag zur Behandlung des malignen Gesichtsfurunkels1939Dermatology, Furuncles
692Lindemann BADas Verhalten der Kapillaren in der Umgebung des Blutegelbisses1939Saliva, Histamin
723Mader EZur Technik der Blutegelbehandlung1939Therapy
938Petri CBlutegel bei Peritendinitis und verwandten Beschwerden1939Tendinitis, Epicondylitis
784Meyer OEin neues Behandlungsprinzip der idiopathischen Trigeminusneuralgie1938Neurology, Trigeminus
1242Vorster RThrombose und Embolieprophylaxe1938Thrombosis, Embolism, Anticoagulation
1304Wimhöfer HDie Bedeutung der Blutegelbehandlung in der Therapie und Prophylaxe der postoperativen Thrombose1938Thrombosis
176Bottenberg HBlutegelbehandlung bei Mastoiditis1937Therapy, Mastoiditis
239Claude ASpreading properties of leech extracts and the formation of lymph1937Biology
688Leuze AMDie Blutegelbehandlung in der Heilstätte1937Therapy
1048Schapira HBlutegelbehandlung bei Adnexitis und Parametritis1937Adnexitis, Parametritis
1062Schubert MBlutegelbehandlung bei Epididymitiden und Arthritis gonorrhoica1937Urology, Epididymitis, Arthritis gonorrhoica
1241Vorster RDie Verhütung von postoperativen Thrombosen und Embolien1937Thrombosis, Embolism, Anticoagulation
174Bottenberg HWissenschaftliche und praktische Fragen zur Blutegelbehandlung1936Therapy
175Bottenberg HIndikationserweiterung der Blutegelbehandlung1936Therapy
474Heisler AAus meinen Krankenblättern1936Therapy
687Leuze AMTechnik der Blutegelbehandlung1936Therapy
804Milbradt WÜber die Verwendung der entzündungshemmenden Eigenschaft der Blutegel zur Behandlung von Hautkrankheiten1936Dermatology, Anti-Inflammation
1011Rüdiger HWZur Blutegelbehandlung1936Therapy
1052Schittenhelm ABlutegeltherapie1936Therapy
1064Schuhmacher ABlutegel in der Augenheilkunde1936Ophthalmology
1240Vorster RÜber die Behandlung mit Blutegeln1936Therapy
173Bottenberg HHandhabung der Blutegeltherapie1935Therapy
786Meyer, EDie Blutegelbehandlung von Thrombosen und Thrombophlebitiden1935Thrombosis, Thrombophlebitis
815Moebius PGWann und wie der Blutegelbehandlung1935Therapy
896Ochsner A & Mahorner HRBactericidal effect of hirudin and heparin. Intravenous injection of hirudin and of heparin and leeching in experimental bacteria1935Pharmacovigilance, Hirudin, Bacteria
986Retzlaff K & Meyer EDie Blutegelbehandlung von Thrombosen und Thrombophlebitiden1935Thrombosis, Phlebitis, Thrombophlebitis
1061Schreiner KDie Blutegelbehandlung der Epididymitis gonorrhoica und anderer entzündlicher Krankheitszustände1935Urology, Epididymitis
1063Schuhmacher ABlutegelbehandlung des Herpes zoster und des Nervus trigeminus I und II1935Dermatology, Neurology, Shingles, Trigeminus
1065Schulze KDer Blutegel, seine Behandlung und medizinische Anwendung1935Therapy
1192Tibbles SThe use of leeches in eye diseases1935Ophthalmology
77Autrum H & Graetz EVergleichende Untersuchungen zur Verdauungsphysiologie der Egel1934Biology, Digestion
172Bottenberg HErfahrungen in der Blutegelbehandlung1934Therapy
467Hauptstein PDie Blutegelbehandlung der Thrombophlebitis nach Operation und im Wochenbett1934Thrombophlebitis
1249Wagner RÜber die Verweildauer von Syphilisspirochäten im Blutegel1934Pharmacovigilance, Syphilis
727Mahorner HR & Ochsner AThe use of leeches in the treatment of phlebitis and the prevention of pulmonary embolism1933Phlebitis, Embolism, Anticoagulation
897Oden HGZur Blutegeltherapie bei Thrombophlebitis1933Phlebitis, Thrombosis, Anticoagulation, Thrombophlebitis
1159Straaten TDie Blutegeltherapie der Thrombose1933Thrombosis
1343Zick KWeiteres über Zucht und Fortpflanzung des medizinischen Blutegels1933Biology, Breeding
813Miyao IExperimental inquiry into the possibility of transmission of yaws by leeches1932Leech
203Butzengeiger OZur Ätiologie und Therapie der Thrombose1931Thrombosis, Anticoagulation
58Aschner BNetzhautablösung und Aderlass1929Ophthalmology, Retinal Detachment
483Herter KTemperaturversuche mit Egeln1929Biology, Hirudo medicinalis
1168Sulger E & Bozsin TÜber die postoperative Thrombose und Embolie sowie ihre therapeutische und prophylaktische Behandlung mit Blutegeln1929Anticoagulation, Thrombosis, Embolism
82Baal IVersuche über Temperatursinn an Blutegeln1928Biology, Leeches
1235VirelyLes sangsues dans le traitement des phlébites1928Phlebitis
1188Tholen GADie Behandlung postoperativer und puerperaler Thrombosen und Embolien1927Thrombosis, Embolism
1189Thorndike TWA history of bleeding and leeching1927History
470Haycraft JBOn the action of a secretion obtained from the medicinal leech on the coagulation of blood1884Hirudin
1060Schöpfer CDer medizinische Blutegel (Hirudo medicinalis)1841History
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